Burnley district

This summary offers a snapshot of some of the most important economic, social and environmental factors in Burnley district with links through to the source information. The information has been allocated to one of seven themes:

  1. Children and Young People
  2. People and Communities
  3. Economic Development
  4. Community Safety
  5. Environment and Transport
  6. Health and Wellbeing
  7. Older People

Introduction

Burnley is an authority in East Lancashire that covers 111 square kilometres, has 15 wards of various shapes and sizes, and the number of people per km² is twice the England and Wales average.  From an historic point of view there have been dramatic changes and the pace of future change is liable to increase

    1. Children and Young People

Each of the 12 district authorities in the county council area has a Local Children's Trust Partnership. The trust has identified district priorities, and the 'what's happening in your area' section links to detailed outcomes for children and young people reports (CYP profiles) for each authority. There is also a performance dashboard for Burnley, with a wide range of indicators covering the themes of feeling safe, doing well, being happy and being healthy. 

For young children and parents the county council has overseen the development of a number of children's centres in the authority.

Only a relatively small number of families in Burnley have an income level that led to them opting out of receiving child benefit.

Key stage 4 covers the two years of school education that incorporates GCSEs in maintained schools. A new secondary school GCSE accountability system was implemented in 2016, in which 'Attainment 8' measures achievement in maths and English plus other subjects with less weighting. The average in Burnley district for 2015/16 was 46.8. This was some way below the average for the Lancashire County Council area of 49.7.  

The county council's Lancashire schools website lists all schools in Burnley district. Ofsted inspection reports are a useful source of local information.

The college campus has helped to underpin the redevelopment of the town centre. Burnley Campus is the result of an investment by UCLan that has brought University education to the town.  

The county council's Young People's Service website has an activity and organisations search facility that lists a wide range of options for young people in each 12 districts within the county council area. 

Business Intelligence and Public Health analysts at Lancashire County Council have produced Child health profiles for medium tier areas of which there are three in Burnley: Burnley Central, Burnley North and Burnley Outer.

  1. People and Communities 

In contrast to the county and the nation as a whole, the population in the authority has been in long-term decline. Migration out of the authority has been the reason for the reduction, whilst positive natural population changes have helped to mitigate this decline. The mid-year population estimates provide the most up-to-date picture of the current population total in the district.  

The total fertility rate can be used as an estimate of the fertility growth factor in the population. The rate in Burnley of 2.19 children per woman in 2016, was one of the highest in the Lancashire-14 area and above the England average (1.81). The authority has a tendency towards a younger population, particularly those aged under 15, and fewer people of pensionable age than is the average for England and Wales. 

Local authority live births and deaths graphs are available that track changes in births and deaths since the 1980s for each authority in Lancashire. The graph for Burnley reveals that live births have normally exceeded the number of deaths over the long-term

The ethnic mix (2011 census results) was similar to other authorities in East Lancashire. It is predominantly white. The largest minority ethnic group is Pakistani.

It is estimated that between 2014 and 2039 the population of Burnley will show virtually no change. This is in contrast to a 4.4% rise expected for Lancashire-14, and a substantial 16.5% increase for England as a whole. The projected number of households in the authority is projected to increase by just 3.4% between 2014 and 2039. This is the smallest expected increase in the Lancashire-14 area and well below the England figure of 23.1%.

A mosaic profile of local households classifies Lancashire residents by 15 main groups. Suburban stability, transient renters and urban cohesion are three of the groups represented in Burnley.

Burnley has around 40,300 dwellings, 85% are owner occupied or private rented. As in other East Lancashire authorities, a very high proportion of its housing stock is in council tax band A. The authority also has a high percentage of vacant dwellings, although the number has declined significantly over recent years. The net additional dwellings figures for Burnley district have been either negative or quite low over recent years. The net gain of 210 dwellings in 2015/16 was the highest for a decade.

Median house price to median earnings in the authority reveal a rate that is around half of the England average, and is the lowest of the 14 Lancashire authorities.  

In Burnley, 14.6% of households in 2015 were classified as being in fuel poverty. This was the 14th highest rate out of 326 authorities in England. The main factors that determine this are the the energy efficiency status of the property, the cost of energy; and household income.  

According to the 2015 index of multiple deprivation, Burnley was ranked as the 17th most deprived area out of 326 districts and unitary authorities in England. This was based on the rank of average rank score. The results also show that 20 (33.3%) of the lower super output areas in the authority were ranked in the 10% most deprived in the country.

The national lottery funding results for Burnley are updated on a regular basis.  

     3. Economic Development

Over the past few years, Burnley recorded a welcome growth in employment at a time when Lancashire saw virtually no overall change.     

Our extensive employment records allow us to monitor the changes to employee numbers from 1929 onwards. We have published separate graphs for each of the 14 Lancashire local authorities that reveal changes in total employee numbers and the shift from manufacturing to service sector employment. Methodological changes, and assumptions for missing years, reduce the accuracy of the graphs, but they do give a useful broad indication of changes over time.

The graph for Burnley is reproduced below and reveals that the employment level was at its highest in the authority in 1929. 

In Burnley as in most places, the manufacturing sector has shed jobs over the years whilst the service sector has grown to become a far greater source of employment. However there still continues to be a bias towards a larger proportion of manufacturing employees Burnley than is the norm.            

The authority has a history of overall employment rates that are usually below the national average, although most recent figures appear more promising. The percentage of workless households is high in the authority.

In 2017 there are 2,565 active enterprises in Burnley.  

The M65 has improved access to the area and a number of new business locations have been developed close to motorway junctions. 

The website for Petty's Surveyors of Burnley contains details of a large number of available commercial sites in Burnley and across much of East Lancashire. Burnley has a rich heritage of former textile and other buildings and there are examples of quality office and other developments that generate new uses for these buildings. The Barnfield construction website highlights a number of industrial developments in Burnley district. These include the former Michelin Tyre factory site that is now occupied by Burnley’s largest employer Aircelle along with other firms. 

The 2011 census results reveal the strong commuter flows, over 4,600 in each direction, between Burnley and Pendle districts, however the average earnings in the authority during 2016 reveal a small difference between the workplace and resident based populations, indicating that Burnley benefits from outward commuter flows, some of which are outside the Lancashire border.

The present rules for the amount of European funding an area is entitled cover the period from 2014 to 2020. Assisted areas are those places where regional aid can be offered to undertakings, typically businesses, under state aid rules. In May 2014, it was confirmed that Burnley has 11 wards with assisted area status. Please see the assisted areas map facility to identify specific wards. 

The most recent companies in Burnley district to win a Queen's Award for Enterprise are Colonial Gifts Ltd in 2012, Fort Vale Engineering Ltd in 2013, and What More UK Limited in 2014.

The UK government properties database is a searchable list of all UK government property holdings and land assets. The web page for the North West region includes land and properties in Burnley district.    

Of note is the Lancashire Digital Technology Centre that aims to improve the competitiveness of the North West's industries by stimulating technology innovation, research and development.  The county council also has a presence in the authority at the Towneley Park City Learning Centre.

The survey of personal incomes by HM Revenue and customs broadly includes all individuals whose income is higher than the prevailing personal tax allowance and who are therefore liable to tax. The median results are the middle value that best reflects typical income and they show a low result for Burnley.

The authority contains a large number of employment and support allowance claimants. The housing benefit article reveals the number of recipients and the effect of the spare room subsidy withdrawal in the authority. In comparison to the national average, there is a high percentage of the working age population that is reliant on welfare benefits.

  1. Community Safety

The recorded crime article reveals that Burnley has a noticeably higher crime rate than the Lancashire-14 area.

For more details on community safety in your neighbourhood, please enter your postcode into Safer Lancashire.  

Alcohol is known to contribute to offending behaviour, particularly violence, anti-social behaviour and criminal damage. Residents in the authority have an above average number of hospital stays due to alcohol according to the LAPE (Local Alcohol Profiles for England).

There were 50 people killed or seriously injured in a road traffic collision in Burnley in 2016.

  1. Environment and Transport

Transport has a key role to play in realising the economic potential of an area by unlocking key locations, such as the existing and new locations referred to in the economy section.  Using sustainable transport modes can significantly improve employment opportunities and life chances. In urban areas the reliance on the car presents problems of traffic congestion and reduced air quality. The highly urbanised central core of Burnley has areas close to the motorway that have poor air quality results, especially for particulate emissions.

The East Lancashire Highways and Transport Masterplan is the strategic transport document for the wider area and contains references to transport issues in the authority.

The M65 provides direct links to the M6 and M61, whilst connections are also available via main 'A' roads in to Manchester and Yorkshire. The Department for Transport website has an interactive map that lists the traffic flows at hundreds of sites across all of the Lancashire County Council area.

Local rail services are provided by Northern Rail and encompass the Blackpool South/Preston to Colne service and Blackpool North to York route. There are five railway stations in the authority and Burnley Manchester Road is by far the busiest and is the station for the semi-fast services between Blackpool North and York. From May 2015, a new service to Manchester Victoria calls at Rose Grove and Burnley Manchester Road.

In 2014/15, Burnley had a rate of 5.0% of residents who cycle at least once a month irrespective of length or purpose. This was the lowest rate in the country.

Maps are available that reveal the various rural-urban definitions across Lancashire down to the very small census output area level.

The National Biodiversity Network Gateway acts as a “data warehouse” for biodiversity information, which can be quickly and easily accessed to understand the distribution of particular species in the UK. Much of the local data is supplied by the Lancashire Environment Record Network (LERN), which is hosted by Lancashire County Council. An interactive map on this site shows the extent of the Environmental Record Centre coverage, including the LERN area, and when adding a species using the 'Add to Map' control, records of their sightings are displayed.

Green belts have been an enduring element of national planning policy. They check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas; prevent neighbouring towns from merging into one another; assist in safeguarding the countryside, preserve the character of historic towns and encourage the recycling of derelict and other urban land. Burnley has a low proportion of its land designated as green belt

Burnley has relatively low total carbon dioxide emissions. The rate of carbon dioxide tonnes per resident is low when compared with the county and national averages. Mortality attributed to poor air quality was worse than the England average in 2015.

Lancashire County Council supports a various projects in district authorities via a range of grants and funding options. The county council's environment directorate produces district commissioning plans, and regularly updated district-level dashboards that comment on performance across a range of transport, environmental and other issues.

The rates of household waste sent for reuse, recycling or composting have in general been improving over the years as sharp increases in Landfill Tax have made the traditional form of Landfill disposal much more expensive. In Burnley however, the household waste reuse, recycling and composting rate was in 2015/16 just 35.3%. This was the 3rd lowest rate out of the 14 Lancashire authorities. The same article also highlights the consistently high number of fly-tipping incidents recorded in the authority.

The legacy of former mine workings in the area was highlighted in 2015, when the  coal authority published development risk plans and specific risk plans that included a set for Burnley district.

     6. Health and Wellbeing

Figures for life expectancy at birth by local authority reveal that Burnley district has male and female averages significantly below the England figures. The following graph reveals life expectancy changes in the authority by three-year time periods from 1991-93 onwards. The graph emphasises the growing disparities between the Burnley and national averages. 

The Burnley Health Profile, published by Public Health England, reveals that the health of people in Burnley is significantly worse than the England average, especially for infant mortality and physical activity rates.

The 2015 health behaviours summary report (PDF 451 KB) and lifestyle survey findings (PDF 957 KB) for Burnley provide further details on lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, drinking, substance use, physical activity, nutrition, excess weight and wellbeing.

Burnley is one of the authorities for which, from April 2013, East Lancashire Clinical Commissioning Group plan and pay for most health services to meet the needs of local residents. The main local hospital in the authority is Burnley General one of the 5 managed by the East Lancashire Hospitals NHS TrustThere are also various health centres and clinics.

The Sport England website contains local sport profiles for each local authority in England.

The local government association has produced 'housing, health and wellbeing profiles' for each local authority across the country. The figures go down to the ward level, and the Burnley profile has results from the census, the index of multiple deprivation and other data sources.

Public Health England has produced hypertension (high blood pressure) profiles for each clinical commissioning group and some local authorities in England. Until all of the district profiles are available, we have linked to the most appropriate CCG profile.

  1. Older People

The state pension caseload number in the authority is in excess of 16,700. The article also has the pension credit figures which is a benefit for pensioners at the lower end of the income scale. 

It has been well documented over recent years that people are living longer and that the older age-groups will record some dramatic increases over future years, with associated financial implications and demand for health and social care services. By 2039, the number aged 65 or over in Burnley is projected to reach 21,200. 

Attendance allowance provides financial help to people aged 65 or over who are physically or mentally disabled.

The personal incomes report has in Table 4, figures for pension incomes. The average and middle value (median) figures for Burnley are low in comparison to most other districts and the national average.

Life expectancy as mentioned earlier is increasing but there is no guarantee that the extra years of life will necessarily equate to extra years of healthy life expectancy. However, it is not a foregone conclusion that "extra" years of life expectancy should necessarily lead to additional years with ill health or disability. More suitable community services to enable independent living and more effective practice of preventive lifestyles and medicine has the potential to lengthen disability-free life expectancy, particularly in the case of the prevention and treatment of non-fatal but disabling diseases.

The Lancashire Care Homes Association is an organisation that represents care providers across the broader Lancashire area. The website lists a large number of care and nursing homes, along with domiciliary care agencies in the area. The details are listed to by major urban localities across the county.

There has been a growing tendency towards housing developments that are exclusively for people who are either retired or are approaching retirement. The presence of these sites can have an impact on concentrations of older people in particular areas. The site adjoining Gawthorpe Hall is an example of one of these developments in the authority. 

Page updated 17 November 2017