Hyndburn district

This summary offers a snapshot of some of the most important economic, social and environmental factors in Hyndburn district with links through to the source information. The information has been allocated to one of seven themes: Map of Hyndburn borough

  1. Children and Young People
  2. People and Communities
  3. Economic Development
  4. Community Safety
  5. Environment and Transport
  6. Health and Wellbeing
  7. Older People

 Introduction

Hyndburn is an authority in East Lancashire that covers 73 square kilometres, has 16 wards, and the number of people per km² is around three times the England and Wales average. From an historic point of view there have been dramatic changes and the pace of future change is liable to increase.  

  1. Children and Young People

Key stage 4 covers the two years of school education that incorporates GCSEs in maintained schools. A new secondary school GCSE accountability system was implemented in 2016, in which 'Attainment 8' measures achievement in maths and English plus other subjects with less weighting. The Attainment 8 average score was 42.4 in Hyndburn district in 2018/19. This was the second lowest in the Lancashire County Council area, where the overall average was 46.7. The Department for Education achievement and attainment tables have more information on achievement at other levels. 

For young children and parents the county council's Children and Family Wellbeing Service has a search facility for local centres. The five in the district are the Clayton le Moors, Great Harwood, New Era and Rishton Children and Family Wellbeing Services and the Park.

The county council's Lancashire schools website lists all schools in Hyndburn district. Ofsted inspection reports are a useful source of local information.

Only a relatively small number of families in Hyndburn have an income level that led to them opting out of receiving child benefit.

The county council's Young People's Service website has an activity and organisations search facility that lists a wide range of options for young people in each of the 12 districts within the county council area, but currently all activities have been cancelled due to Covid-19. 

Business Intelligence and Public Health analysts at Lancashire County Council have produced Child health profiles for medium tier areas of which there are two in Hyndburn: Hyndburn East and Hyndburn West.

  1. People and Communities 

The 2020 mid-year population estimate total for the authority was 81,133. The population in the authority has over recent years been affected by negative migration that is experienced in other authorities in East Lancashire. The authority has a tendency towards a younger population and fewer people of pensionable age than is the average for England and Wales. The ethnic mix is similar to other authorities in East Lancashire, predominantly white. The largest minority ethnic group is Pakistani. 

The total fertility rate can be used as an estimate of the fertility growth factor in the population. The rate in Hyndburn of 2.03 for 2019 was one of the highest in Lancashire and well above the England average of 1.66.

Local authority live births and deaths graphs are available that track changes in births and deaths since the 1980s for each authority in Lancashire. The graph for Hyndburn reveals that over the long-term, live births have exceeded deaths in all but two years.

Graph of live births, deaths and difference between the two in Hyndburn from 1981 onwards. In 2019 there were 1030 live births and 846 deaths

It is estimated that between 2018 and 2043 the population of Hyndburn will increase by 4.3%, much lower than  the 7.2% increase expected for Lancashire-14, and the 10.3% rise predicted for England as a whole. The projected number of households in the authority is forecast to grow by 8.9% between 2018 and 2043, the third lowest percentage increase in the Lancashire-12 area, and is well below the England (16.2%) average.

An ACORN profile of local households classifies Lancashire residents by 18 main groups. 'Modest Means', 'Young Hardship' and 'Steady Neighbourhoods' are the only groups which are dominant in wards in Hyndburn and although 'Modest Means' is the dominant group in the district as a whole, it is only dominant in five wards compared to the eight allocated to 'Young Hardship'. 

Hyndburn has around 36,900 dwellings, 87% are owner occupied or private rented. Hyndburn, like other East Lancashire authorities, has a very high proportion of its housing stock in council tax band A. The authority also has a high percentage of vacant dwellings.

The median house price to earnings ratio in the authority is very low. 

A total of 15.6% of households in Hyndburn were in fuel poverty in 2019. This seems to be the highest proportion to date, but as the methodology changed in 2019 it could actually be the lowest. Only if the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy publish revised sub-regional statistics for previous years will we know. Factors that determine fuel poverty are the energy efficiency status of the property, the cost of energy, and household income.

The 2019 Indices of Deprivation reveals that Hyndburn was the 18th most deprived area out of 317 districts and unitary authorities in England, by the rank of average rank measure. In total. 27% of the lower super output areas in the authority were in the 10% most deprived in the country.

  1. Economic Development

In contrast to the national and county growth, employee numbers in Hyndburn were static in the decade to 2008, whilst between 2009 and 2016 the employment number in the authority were in the 28,000 to 29,000 range and rose to 29,000 in 2017.

In Hyndburn as in most places, the manufacturing sector has shed jobs over the years whilst the service sector has grown to become a far greater source of employee jobs. However there still continues to be a bias towards a larger proportion of employees in the manufacturing sector in Lancashire and Hyndburn than is the national norm and a lower proportion of jobs in the service sector.     

Warehousing development has been an important contributor to employment growth in Lancashire in recent years and the area has strong concentrations of warehousing floorspace around along the M65 corridor. Employee numbers in the wholesale, retail and motor trade sector reflect this. There is currently a small employment presence in the public administration, defence and compulsory social security sector

Our extensive employment records allow us to monitor the changes to employee numbers from 1929 onwards. We have published separate graphs for each of the 14 Lancashire local authorities that reveal changes in total employee numbers and the shift from manufacturing to service sector employment. Methodological changes, and assumptions for missing years, reduce the accuracy of the graphs, but they do give a useful broad indication of changes over time. The long-term jobs graph for Hyndburn indicates that the employment total in the authority was at its highest in 1929.  

Graph of employee jobs in Hyndburn from 1929 onwards showing relative share between manufacturing, services and other industries

The percentage of workless households is reasonably high in the authority.

In 2020, there were only 2,305 active enterprises in Hyndburn, the lowest figure of all 14 Lancashire authorities. 

Five  companies in Hyndburn have won recent Queen's Award for EnterpriseFPW Axles Limited and Premier Tooling Systems Limited, both based in Accrington were winners in 2020.  Universal Smart Cards Limited, makers of smart cards and related smart card products and also based in Accrington won the Queen's Award for International Trade for Outstanding Short Term Growth in overseas sales in 2019. BMP Europe Ltd, also located in Accrington, are manufacturers of an extensive range of engineered textile & polyurethane elastomer products. They won the award for international trade in 2012.  Langtec Ltd., also based in Accrington are manufacturers of insulating products also won in the international trade category in 2012. 

The M65 has improved access to the area and a number of new business locations have been developed close to motorway junctions.  

Assisted areas are those places where regional aid can be offered to undertakings, typically businesses, under European Union state aid rules. From 2014 to 2020 Hyndburn had seven wards with assisted area status. Following the departure of the UK from the European Union, these rules no longer apply, but an alternative form of public subsidy control regime is currently being considered.

Hyndburn has a localised labour market, with 51% having journeys to work of less than 5km (compared to 40% nationally). This may be related to some cultural attitudes, whereby residents with low wages, poor skills and low aspirations will only travel limited distances for employment opportunities. Strongest commuting flows are to and from Blackburn. The 2011 census commuter flow results between local authorities revealed that 6,278 Hyndburn residents commuted to work in  Blackburn with Darwen on census day.

Average earnings in Hyndburn are low when measured by place of work which is around £40 less than by place of residence, whilst the personal incomes results reveal a very low median total income figure for Hyndburn.

There is a high level of employment and support allowance claimants, whilst the housing benefit article identifies the number of recipients and the effects of the spare room subsidy withdrawal in the authority. In comparison to the national average, there is a high percentage of the working age population that is reliant on welfare benefits.  

In December 2019 it was announced that training and support will be given by the High Streets Task Force to a pilot  project to improve Accrington Town Centre, with up to £25 million from the Future High Streets Fund.

  1. Community Safety

The recorded crime article for Hyndburn crime rate was just above the average for the Lancashire-14 area.  

For more details on community safety in your neighbourhood, please enter your postcode into Safer Lancashire

Alcohol is known to contribute to offending behaviour, particularly violence, anti-social behaviour and criminal damage.  Residents in the authority have significantly worse number of hospital stays due to alcohol than the national average according to the LAPE (Local Alcohol Profiles for England).

In 2018, a total of 34 people in the authority were killed or seriously injured in road traffic collisions. 

  1. Environment and Transport

Transport has a key role to play in realising the economic potential of an area by unlocking key locations, such as the existing and new locations referred to in the economy section.  Using sustainable transport modes can significantly improve employment opportunities and life chances. In urban areas the reliance on the car presents problems of traffic congestion and reduced air quality. The latest air pollution emission results show high levels of the two pollutants NOx (9.8 tonnes per annum per square km) and particulates (1.9 tonnes per annum per square km). In the Lancashire-14 area only Blackpool and South Ribble had higher average emissions of NOx and only Blackpool had higher average emissions of particulates.  An area in Altham ward also scored very high on the Air Quality indicator element of the 2019 Indices of Deprivation. This indicator is based on Air pollution concentration levels. The area in question is close to the M65 motorway and the Whinney Hill Quarry, where there is an energy from waste plant.

The East Lancashire Highways and Transport Masterplan is the strategic transport document for the wider area and contains references to transport issues in the authority.

The Department for Transport website has an interactive map that lists the traffic flows at hundreds of sites across all of the Lancashire County Council area. 

There are four railway stations in the authority area, of which the busiest is Accrington.    

Maps are available that reveal the various rural-urban definitions across Lancashire down to the very small census output area level.

The National Biodiversity Network Gateway acts as a “data warehouse” for biodiversity information, which can be quickly and easily accessed to understand the distribution of particular species in the UK. Much of the local data is supplied by the Lancashire Environment Record Network (LERN), which is hosted by Lancashire County Council. An interactive map on this site shows the extent of the Environmental Record Centre coverage, including the LERN area, and when adding a species using the 'Add to Map' control, records of their sightings are displayed.

Green belts have been an enduring element of national planning policy. They check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas; prevent neighbouring towns from merging into one another; assist in safeguarding the countryside, preserve the character of historic towns and encourage the recycling of derelict and other urban land. Hyndburn has a large proportion of land designated as green belt

Lancashire County Council supports a various projects in district authorities via a range of grants and funding options.

Total carbon dioxide emissions in Hyndburn are quite low in terms of both total tonnage and emissions per person. In 2019 the mortality rate attributed to poor air quality was higher in Hyndburn than any other authority in the Lancashire-14 area, but was still lower than the England average.

The household waste reuse, recycling and composting rate in Hyndburn was only 34.5%, while there were over 2,800 incidents of fly-tipping during 2019/20. Hyndburn had the 9th lowest rate in England for collected waste per person.

The legacy of former mine workings in the area was highlighted in 2015, when the  coal authority published development risk plans and specific risk plans that included a set for Hyndburn district.

  1. Health and Wellbeing

Figures for life expectancy at birth reveal that Hyndburn district had very low male and female averages in comparison to the national figures. The following graph reveals life expectancy changes in the authority by three-year time periods from 1991-93 onwards. The graph emphasises the growing disparities between the Hyndburn and national averages. 

Graph showing life expectancy at birth for males and females in Hyndburn from 1991 to 1993 onwards. In 2017 to 2019 the age was 76.9 for males and 81.1 for females

The Hyndburn Health Profile, published by Public Health England, reveals that the health of people in Hyndburn is generally worse than the England average.

The 2015 health behaviours summary report (PDF 447 KB) and lifestyle survey findings (PDF 957 KB) for Hyndburn provide further details on lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, drinking, substance use, physical activity, nutrition, excess weight and wellbeing.  

Hyndburn is one of the authorities for which, from April 2013, East Lancashire Clinical Commissioning Group plan and pay for most health services to meet the needs of local residents. Hospital services are provided by East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust. There are various health centres and clinics.

The local government association has produced 'housing, health and wellbeing profiles' for each local authority across the country. The figures go down to the ward level, and the Hyndburn profile has results from the census, the index of multiple deprivation and other data sources.

Public Health England has produced Cardiovascular disease profiles for each clinical commissioning group in England. These also show the prevalence of high blood pressure (hypertension).

  1. Older People

The authority has relatively few State Pension claimants. In the county as a whole; the highest concentrations are found in selected areas along the coast. Pension Credit is for pensioners at the lower end of the income scale and the caseload in the authority is relatively high in comparison to the number of pensioners.

It has been well documented over recent years that people are living longer and that the older age-groups will record some dramatic increases over future years, with associated financial implications and demand for health and social care services. By 2043, the population aged 65 or over in Hyndburn is projected to increase to 19,062. 

Attendance allowance provides financial help to people aged 65 or over who are physically or mentally disabled.  

The personal incomes report has in Table 4, figures for pension incomes. The average and middle value (median) figures for Hyndburn are low in comparison to most other districts and the national average.

Life expectancy as mentioned earlier is increasing but there is no guarantee that the extra years of life will necessarily equate to extra years of healthy life expectancy. However, it is not a foregone conclusion that "extra" years of life expectancy should necessarily lead to additional years with ill health or disability. More suitable community services to enable independent living and more effective practice of preventive lifestyles and medicine has the potential to lengthen disability-free life expectancy, particularly in the case of the prevention and treatment of non-fatal but disabling diseases.

The Lancashire Care Homes Association is an organisation that represents care providers across the broader Lancashire area. The website lists a large number of care and nursing homes, along with domiciliary care agencies in the area. The details are listed to by major urban localities across the county. 

Page updated 28 June 2021