Railway station usage, rail projects and additional information
Preston and Lancaster are important stations on the West Coast Mainline (WCML) and passenger usage figures have risen steadily over recent years at both locations. This has been helped by significant speed and capacity improvements on the WCML that came into effect in December 2009.
Blackpool North had recorded two disappointing years from 2012 to 2014, but passenger entries and exits have risen to a new high this time. Passenger numbers at Blackpool Pleasure Beach on the South Fylde route to Blackpool, have stabilised above 100,000. Ansdell and Fairhaven had a good year in 2012/13, but numbers have fallen back to a stable figure in the high 30,000s. St. Annes on Sea, which is the next stop towards Blackpool, has remained fairly steady throughout.
The latest numbers support the decision to invest in the redevelopment of Burnley Manchester Road station, which was finished in November 2014 after a number of delays, as station users were up by 60% on 2013/14. Burnley Barracks has undergone a rise of over 1000% since 2007/2008.
The total rail station usage was down by -3.4% in the stations within Chorley district, despite an increase of passengers using the relatively new Buckshaw Parkway station. This fall is mostly down to Chorley Station itself and it may have been affected by the re-routing of some southbound trains to Manchester Airport down the West Coast Mainline (see "Rail projects that benefit Lancashire" below ) and work on the Farnworth Tunnel which was completed in October 2015. Ormskirk Station's users remains high after the sudden spike in 2013/14, which was explained by the Office of Rail Regulation as 'Improved Passenger Transport Executive Infill', a phrase applied to many stations. This may just mean changes to the modelling of travel patterns by passengers not buying tickets on the day, but using season tickets and passes. The ORR do not provide an explanation for the 23% increase in users at New Lane, on the Wigan-Southport line, which follows a doubling of numbers in 2014/15, or at nearby Bescar Lane, where passengers were up by 34%. In Burnley usage was up by over 22% and in Hyndburn by 9.2%. Usage fell in Blackburn with Darwen (-11.7%), Blackpool, Pendle, South Ribble and also in Ribble Valley where usage was down by -15% on the previous year.
There are a number of rail stations that have reopened in the county since the 1980s. Moss Side was the first in 1983, but its rural location means that passenger numbers are small. Burnley Manchester Road, Buckshaw Parkway and Clitheroe have so far proved to be the most popular stations to have reopened.
Buckshaw Parkway (opened October 2011 at the site of a long-closed station that served the former Royal Ordnance factory at Euxton) is situated in an area of significant recent development built on this site, now called Buckshaw Village, and is on the busy line between Preston and Manchester.
At the regional level, across all 334 stations in the North West, passenger numbers rose above 220 million for the first time. For Great Britain, now with 2,557 stations in total, the passenger numbers were approaching 3 billion, and will presumably exceed this figure in the next year.
Click here or on the static image of the Instant Atlas report to see all station passenger entry and exit figures
Figure 1: Graph of passenger numbers by district
Source: Office of Rail and Road
West Lancashire district includes Ormskirk, Aughton Park and Town Green stations that are in the Merseyrail transport area, whilst Appley Bridge is the only Lancashire station in the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport area. Being included in these transport areas presents advantages for local rail users.
Station usage figures at some locations are either totally or heavily influenced by people connecting with other forms of public transport, or visiting nearby attractions etc. For instance, the very small number of services to Heysham Harbour station, which is within the port complex, are operated to connect with sailings to the Isle of Man.
Blackpool Pleasure Beach allows direct access to the theme park that is the destination for a large number of young people using the station. Along with Squires Gate, the station is close to the southern end of the Fylde coast tram system that is operated by Blackpool transport. A £100 million upgrade of the system was completed in Easter 2012, which has reversed the previous falls in passenger numbers. The yearly reductions were exacerbated by a series of closures to allow for refurbishment work to proceed.
The Furness Line Community Rail Partnership includes Carnforth and Silverdale stations. There are few examples across the country where a working railway station on the national network is also a tourist attraction, but Carnforth station attracts thousands of visitors each year because of its connection with the classic film Brief Encounter.
Stations such as Salwick and Hoscar have few users because they are in remote locations and only a small number of trains stop at these stations.
Rail projects that benefit Lancashire
The proposed new London to Manchester section of the High Speed 2 (HS2) incorporates a connection onto the existing West Coast Main Line to the south of Wigan. This will enable HS2 trains to serve additional destinations in the North West en route to Scotland. It is envisaged that the new route will give a journey time from Preston to London of just one hour and 24 minutes, and from Preston to Birmingham of 53 minutes.
May 2015 saw the start of a new rail service from Blackburn that calls at Accrington, Rose Grove, Burnley Manchester Road, and then via Todmorden to Rochdale and Manchester Victoria. It offers a direct rail service between Accrington, Rose Grove and Burnley Manchester Road to Manchester Victoria, with associated reductions in commuting times. There are now more frequent services running from Blackpool to Manchester Victoria and beyond, such as Yorkshire destinations like Huddersfield. A connection at Rochdale is available to the Metrolink Oldham and Rochdale line. The new service also means that there are now three trains an hour each way between Blackburn, Accrington and Burnley. This followed the reinstatement of the "Todmorden Curves".
Work is underway to electrify more rail routes in the North West. The programme includes the 25 mile route between Manchester and the intersection with the West Coast Mainline at Euxton. It also includes the 17 mile route between Blackpool North and Preston. The developments will allow a number of local services that pass through Lancashire to be operated by quicker and more reliable electric trains. In December 2013 the electrification of the Liverpool-Manchester line through Eccles was completed, and some of the services to Manchester Airport station were re-routed onto this line via the West Coast main line missing out the line through Chorley and Bolton. But of the stations affected (Buckshaw Parkway, Chorley and Adlington) only Chorley had reduced usage in the 2014/2015 period, whilst remaining unchanged the previous year. In 2015 the electrification of the Liverpool to Newton-le-Willows section of the line to Manchester was completed. This probably has less effect on Lancashire passengers than the completion of the eastern section through Eccles, but electric trains now run direct from Liverpool to Manchester and freight trains from Liverpool can be electric-locomotive hauled onto the WCML. Of more importance for Lancashire passengers was the completion of the Huyton-Wigan electrification in 2015, speeding up the Preston to Liverpool Northern Rail services. The services from Liverpool to Blackpool will be able to run direct and with electric power from 2017 at the earliest.
In August 2015, it was announced that Alliance Rail Holdings has been given permission to start a new rail service from Blackpool to London in 2018. There will be six return trains a day operated by a new fleet of trains.
The Network Rail website has press releases by broad geographic areas. Recent announcements have included improvements for passengers using platform four at Blackburn station and the redevelopment of Accrington station. Network Rail's list of major projects includes the Northern Hub and the Stafford-Norton Bridge enhancements. The Northern Hub scheme incorporates better links from Lancashire to Manchester whilst the development around a busy rail intersection to the north of Stafford should solve a significant capacity constraint on part of the West Coast Mainline between Lancashire and London.
In August 2014, a 30-year plan for the future of rail services in the Liverpool City Region was published. It includes 12 priorities and two have a direct impact on Lancashire. There is a proposal to electrify the line between Kirkby and Wigan and include connections to a new station in Skelmersdale. There is also a desire to electrify the Ormskirk to Preston line; reinstate the Burscough curves between Ormskirk/Preston and Southport directions; and redevelop Burscough Bridge station as an important interchange between Ormskirk/Liverpool and Southport/Wigan services.
Train operating companies that serve Lancashire plus other rail-related businesses
Virgin Trains operates the West Coast franchise that incorporates the route from London to Glasgow/Edinburgh, with services calling at Preston and Lancaster. The operator also runs an hourly Scotland to London service via Birmingham New Street, that also stops at Wolverhampton, Sandwell & Dudley, Birmingham International (for the airport), Coventry and Milton Keynes.
The TransPennine Express franchise includes services between Manchester, Glasgow and Edinburgh that call at Lancaster and Preston. In December 2015, the franchise was awarded to First Group (took effect April 2016) and lasts for 9 or 10 years. Northern operates a range of local rail services that cover all but two of the 62 stations in the broader Lancashire area, and this has been awarded to Arriva, also commenced April 2016 with a duration of 7 or 9 years. Merseyrail operates an electrified network that serves Liverpool and the surrounding area including a high density route to Ormskirk.
The Department for Transport website has the details of all current rail franchises.
Haigh Rail is a rail engineering company in that is based in Lancashire. The Eric Wright Group is a large building industry business that has its HQ in Bamber Bridge to the south of Preston. Its civil engineering division includes a rail section that was established in 2012, and is able to bid for Network Rail infrastructure schemes across the UK.
Paul Maynard, MP for Blackpool North and Cleveleys, was appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Transport in July 2016, with responsibility for rail, rail security and light rail.
Interactive PDF download
Station usage and rail developments (PDF 4.1 MB)
For full functionality of the map, which is an interactive PDF document, save the file to your device and open with Adobe Reader. Stations can be identified using the object data tool in Adobe Reader (select edit, then analysis, then object data tool). Once a station has been selected by clicking a site with the object data tool, details should appear in the model tree in the left sidebar.
Page updated January 2017