Early years foundation stage and key stage1

Early years foundation stage

The early years foundation stage profile (EYFSP) is the statutory framework revised and published in September 2012 by the Department for Education that sets the standards for the development, learning and care of children from birth to five. These are the arrangements required for assessing the development of children for the purpose of ascertaining what they have achieved in relation to the early learning goals (ELGs) set out in the profile, which have for 2013 onwards been reduced from 69 to just 17. A pupil is said to have reached a 'good level of development' when he/she achieves at least the expected level in the ELGs, within the three prime areas of learning, and within literacy and numeracy.

Results for the Lancashire-12 area

In 2018/19, 69.2% of Lancashire-12 children achieved a good level of development which was less than in the previous year (69.5%). This was lower than England (71.8%) but above the averages for the North West (68.9%) and neighbouring unitary authorities (Blackburn with Darwen 68.4% and Blackpool 67.9%). More Lancashire-12 girls achieved a good level of development; 75.8% girls compared with 62.9% boys. The percentage for girls was lower than in 2017/18 (77.0%) but higher for boys (62.0%).

The average score for Lancashire-12 achieved on the EYFSP was 34.1 points which was less than in 2017/18 (34.3). This was lower than that of England (34.6) but higher than the North West (33.9) and the neighbouring unitary authorities (Blackburn with Darwen 33.6 and Blackpool 32.8).

Below is the summary of the percentage of children achieving at least the expected level within each area of learning for Lancashire-12 and its comparators, with Lancashire-12 leading the way when compared to regional and neighbouring unitary Authorities performance. Lancashire-12 performance deteriorated for each area of learning compared to that in the previous year. 

Communications and Language

Lancashire-12 79.5% (down from 80.4% in 2017/18), England 82.2%, North West 79.2%, Blackburn with Darwen 76.3%, Blackpool 78.3%

Physical Development

Lancashire-12 85.5% (down from 86.0% in 2017/18), England 87.1%, North West 84.8%, Blackburn with Darwen 81.6%, Blackpool 85.3%

Personal, Social and Emotional development

Lancashire-12 83.6% (down from 84.2% in 2017/18), England 84.8%, North West 82.6%, Blackburn with Darwen 80.6%, Blackpool 82.7%


Lancashire-12 71.1% (down from 71.9% in 2017/18), England 73.4%, North West 70.5%, Blackburn with Darwen 70.3%, Blackpool 69.5%


Lancashire-12 76.6% (down from 77.1% in 2017/18), England 78.5%, North West 75.5%, Blackburn with Darwen 74.6%, Blackpool 73.6%

Understanding the world

Lancashire-12 81.7% (down from 82.5% in 2017/18), England 83.9%, North West 81.0%, Blackburn with Darwen 78.8%, Blackpool 79.9%

Expressive Arts and Design

Lancashire-12 84.9% (down from 85.0% in 2017/18), England 87.2%, North West 84.5%, Blackburn with Darwen 82.2%, Blackpool 84.0%

Please click here to view the Department for Education's early years foundation stage profiles for recent years.

Key Stage 1

Key Stage 1 (KS1) is the legal term for the two years of schooling in maintained schools in England and Wales normally known as year 1 and year 2, when pupils are aged between five and seven.

Results for the Lancashire-12 area 

Pupils were assessed against the new more challenging curriculum, which was introduced in 2014. Results are no longer reported as levels, the interim frameworks for teacher assessment have been used by teachers to assess if a pupil has met the new, higher expected standard. The expectations for pupils at the end of key stage 1 have been raised.

During the 2018/19 academic year, within Lancashire-12, nearly 3 in 4 pupils achieved the expected standard in reading (74%) and mathematics (74%), and 68% of pupils in writing. In each instance, Lancashire-12 performance dropped by 1% with 2017/18 percentages 75%, 75% and 69% respectively for these subjects. Within the higher standard, less than a quarter (22%, as in 2017/18) of pupils are working at greater depth in reading, with fewer in writing (14%, down from 15% in 2017/18) and maths (20%, up from 19% in 2017/18). Table 1 below summarises comparator performance.

Table 1, Percentage of pupils achieving expected and higher standards, Lancashire and unitary authorities compared to England and region, 2018/19.


Percentage reaching the expected standard Percentage reaching the higher standard
Reading Writing Maths. Science Reading Writing Maths.
Lancashire-12  74  68  74  81  22  14  20
Blackburn with Darwen  74  68  75  81  21  13  20
Blackpool  71  65  72  79  19  9  15
England  75  69  76  82  25  15  22
North West  73  67  74  81  22  13  19

Source: DfE, KS1 local authority tables: LAIT, September 2020.

Other KS1 facts for Lancashire-12 during the 2018/19 academic year.

• A higher percentage of pupils whose first language is English achieved the expected standard in all four main elements (reading, writing, mathematics and science) than pupils for whom English is not their first language.
• Girls continued to outperform boys at the expected standard in all four main elements.
• Pupils known to be eligible for free school meals continued to perform lower than other pupils across all four main elements.
• Performance of pupils with no identified special educational needs or disability (SEND) across all four main elements was higher than SEND pupils.

At Lancashire-12 district level, the areas with a high level of deprivation showed the lowest levels of attainment for the percentage of pupils achieving the expected level in all four main elements. In Chorley, Fylde, Ribble Valley, West Lancashire and Wyre, performance was higher and above the Lancashire-12 percentage. Lancashire-12 performance was the same as Blackburn with Darwen for the percentage of pupils achieving the expected standard in Reading and Science but was lower for the subjects of Writing and Mathematics. County performance was higher than Blackpool for the percentage of pupils achieving the expected standard in Reading, Mathematics and Science but lower for Writing.

Table 2, Percentage of pupils achieving expected standard, Lancashire districts, 2018/19

Local authority district Reading Writing Mathematics Science
Burnley 66 61 68 74
Chorley 77 70 77 83
Fylde 77 71 77 88
Hyndburn 70 64 69 76
Lancaster 73 67 75 82
Pendle 67 62 69 74
Preston 74 71 76 81
Ribble Valley 82 75 78 88
Rossendale 75 71 76 80
South Ribble 77 71 75 84
West Lancashire 76 70 78 86
Wyre 78 71 78 85
Lancashire-12 74 64 75 81
Blackburn with Darwen 74 69 76 81
Blackpool 70 65 72 78
Lancashire-14 74 68 74 81

Source: DfE, KS1 local authority tables: underlying data table 2019 KS1 pupil residency UD.

Please click here to view the Department for Education's key stage 1 results for 
recent years.  

Page updated 15 and 16 September 2020