Early years foundation stage and key stage 1

Early years foundation stage

The early years foundation stage profile (EYFSP) is the statutory framework revised and published in September 2012 by the Department for Education that sets the standards for the development, learning and care of children from birth to five. These are the arrangements required for assessing the development of children for the purpose of ascertaining what they have achieved in relation to the early learning goals (ELGs) set out in the profile, which have for 2013 onwards been reduced from 69 to just 17. A pupil is said to have reached a 'good level of development' when he/she achieves at least the expected level in the ELGs, within the three prime areas of learning, and within literacy and numeracy.

Results for the Lancashire-12 area

In 2017/18, 69.5% of Lancashire-12 children achieved a good level of development. This was lower to the England (71.5%) but above North West (68.9%) and neighbouring unitary authorities (Blackburn with Darwen 67.4% and Blackpool 67.9%) averages. More Lancashire-12 girls achieved a good level of development; 77% girls compared with 62.0% boys.

The average score for Lancashire-12 achieved on the EYFSP was 34.3 points. This was similar to England (34.6) and North West (34.0) and higher than for the neighbouring unitary authorities (Blackburn with Darwen 33.4 and Blackpool 32.7).

Below is the summary of the percentage of children achieving at least the expected level within each area of learning for Lancashire-12 and its comparators, with Lancashire-12 leading the way when compared to regional and neighbouring unitary authorities performance:

Communications and Language
Lancashire-12 80.4%, England 82.4%, North West 78.9%, Blackburn with Darwen 75.6%, Blackpool 79.5%

Physical Development
Lancashire-12 86.0%, England 87.4%, North West, 85.4%, Blackburn with Darwen 82.1%, Blackpool 83.8%

Personal, Social and Emotional development
Lancashire-12 84.2%, England 85.2%, North West, 83.3%, Blackburn with Darwen 80.7%, Blackpool 82.7%

Lancashire-12 71.9%, England 73.3%, North West, 70.6%, Blackburn with Darwen 69.0%, Blackpool 69.2%

Lancashire-12 77.1%, England 78.3%, North West, 75.9%, Blackburn with Darwen 73.0%, Blackpool 74.1%

Understanding the world
Lancashire-12 82.5%, England 84.0%, North West, 81.4%, Blackburn with Darwen 77.7%, Blackpool 79.1%

Expressive Arts and Design
Lancashire-12 85.0%, England 87.2%, North West, 84.4%, Blackburn with Darwen 81.2%, Blackpool 84.3%

Please click here to view the Department for Education's early years foundation stage profiles for recent years.

Key Stage 1

Key Stage 1 (KS1) is the legal term for the two years of schooling in maintained schools in England and Wales normally known as year 1 and year 2, when pupils are aged between five and seven.

Results for the Lancashire-12 area 

Pupils were assessed against the new more challenging curriculum, which was introduced in 2014. Results are no longer reported as levels, the interim frameworks for teacher assessment have been used by teachers to assess if a pupil has met the new, higher expected standard. The expectations for pupils at the end of key stage 1 have been raised.

During the 2017/18 academic year, within Lancashire-12, nearly 3 in 4 pupils achieved the expected standard in reading (75%) and mathematics (75%), and 69% of pupils in writing. Within the higher standard, less than a quarter (22%) of pupils are working at greater depth in reading, but fewer are in writing (15%) and maths (19%). Table 1 below summarises comparator performance.

Table 1, Percentage of pupils achieving expected and higher standards, Lancashire and unitary authorities compared to England and region, 2017/18.


Percentage reaching the expected standard Percentage reaching the higher standard
Reading Writing Maths. Science Reading Writing Maths.
Lancashire-12  75  69  75  82  22  15  19
Blackburn with Darwen  75  68  76  81  21  13  19
Blackpool  73  67  73  80  21  13  18
England  75  70  76  83  26  16  22
North West  74  68  75  81  23  14  20

Source: DfE, KS1 local authority tables: LAIT.

Other KS1 facts for Lancashire-12 during the 2017/18 academic year.

• A higher percentage of pupils whose first language is English achieved the expected standard in all four main elements (reading, writing, mathematics and science) than pupils for whom English is not their first language.
• Girls continued to outperform boys at the expected standard in all four main elements.
• Pupils known to be eligible for free school meals continued to perform lower than other pupils across all four main elements.
• Performance of pupils with no identified special educational needs or disability (SEND) across all four main elements was higher than SEND pupils.

At Lancashire-12 district level, areas with the highest levels of deprivation (Burnley, Hyndburn and Pendle), plus Lancaster and Rossendale, showed the lowest levels of attainment for the percentage of pupils achieving the expected level in all four main elements. The percentages for Preston were mixed. In Chorley, South Ribble, West Lancashire, Wyre, Ribble Valley and Fylde performance was higher and above the Lancashire-12 percentage.

Table 2, Percentage of pupils achieving expected standard, Lancashire districts, 2017/18

Local authority district Reading Writing Mathematics Science
Burnley 69 63 69 74
Chorley 76 70 77 83
Fylde 81 76 80 91
Hyndburn 72 68 72 81
Lancaster 72 68 73 81
Pendle 72 64 72 75
Preston 75 70 76 80
Ribble Valley 80 75 80 87
Rossendale 73 69 74 82
South Ribble 76 70 76 84
West Lancashire 77 73 79 84
Wyre 78 73 78 86
Lancashire-12 75 69 75 82

Source: DfE, KS1 local authority tables: underlying data table 2018 KS1 pupil residency UD.

Please click here to view the Department for Education's key stage 1 results for 
recent years.  

Page updated 27 February 2019