Fylde district

This summary offers a snapshot of some of the most important economic, social and environmental factors in Fylde district with links through to the source information. The information has been allocated to one of seven themes:

  1. Children and Young People
  2. People and Communities
  3. Economic Development
  4. Community Safety
  5. Environment and Transport
  6. Health and Wellbeing
  7. Older People 

Introduction

Fylde is an authority bordering the Lancashire coastline that covers 166 square kilometres, has 21 wards, and the number of people per km² is similar to the England and Wales average.  From an historic point of view there have been dramatic changes and the pace of future change is liable to increase.  

  1. Children and Young People

Each of the 12 district authorities in the county council area has a Local Children's Trust Partnership. The trusts have identified district priorities, and the 'what's happening in your area' section links to detailed outcomes for children and young people reports (CYP profiles) for each authority. There is also a performance dashboard for Fylde, with a wide range of indicators covering the themes of feeling safe, doing well, being happy and being healthy.   

Key stage 4 covers the two years of school education that incorporates GCSEs in maintained schools. A new secondary school GCSE accountability system was implemented in 2016, in which 'Attainment 8' measures achievement in maths and English plus other subjects with less weighting. In 2015/16 the average was 49.5 in Fylde district. This was slightly below the average of 49.7 for the Lancashire County Council area. The Department for Education achievement and attainment tables have more information on achievement at other levels. 

For young children and parents the county council has overseen the development of a number of children's centres in the authority. The county council's Lancashire schools website lists all schools in Fylde district. Ofsted inspection reports are a useful source of local information.

The county council's Young People's Service website has an activity and organisations search facility that lists a wide range of options for young people in each 12 districts within the county council area.  

Fylde district is home to two well regarded private schools: Kirkham Grammar School and Arnold King Edward and Queen Mary School

Business Intelligence and Public Health analysts at Lancashire County Council have produced Child health profiles for medium tier areas of which there is one wholly and one partly within Fylde. Lytham St Annes is the CHP wholly in Fylde while Fylde East and Broughton also covers part of the neighbouring Preston district.

  1. People and Communities

Population growth in the authority has over recent years been relatively positive increasing to 77,990 in 2016.    

Local authority live births and deaths graphs are available that track changes in births and deaths since the 1980s for each authority in Lancashire. The authority has a history of low fertility rates. The graph for Fylde reveals that over the long-term, deaths have constantly exceeded live births in the authority. 

It is estimated that between 2014 and 2039 the population of Fylde will increase by 9.2% (Lancashire-14 area=4.4%). It is also predicted that the number of households will increase by 16.6% between 2014 and 2039, the second greatest percentage rise in the Lancashire-14 area. 

Fylde has higher proportions of its housing stock in the council tax bands E to G, in comparison to the county and national averages. It also has a very high percentage of its dwelling stock in the owner occupied and privately rented sector.

mosaic profile of local households classifies Lancashire residents by 15 main groups. Senior security is the dominant group in large parts of Fylde, whilst prestige positions and suburban stability are two of the other dominant groups in parts of the authority.  

The 2011 census results for people with second addresses show that Fylde had the highest rate in Lancashire (45 per 1,000) of usual residents elsewhere with a second address in the area.

The median house price to earnings ratio in the authority is well above the county average.

In Fylde 8.5% of households were said to be in fuel poverty in 2015, which was noticeably lower than the England average of 11.0% and the lowest in Lancashire. The main factors that determine this are the energy efficiency status of the property, the cost of energy, and household income.

The 2015 Indices of Deprivation  revealed that Fylde had a reasonably low overall deprivation ranking, being the 218th most deprived area out of 326 districts and unitary authorities in England.

The national lottery funding results for Fylde are updated on a regular basis.

  1. Economic Development

Of the 14 local authorities that form the broader Lancashire area, both Fylde and Ribble Valley have long been viewed as the most affluent. Both contain rural areas that are popular with commuters and towns that have none of the high levels of deprivation seen in other urban areas within the county. British Aerospace has large sites in both authorities that provide high paid jobs that underpin the local economies.

Employee numbers in Fylde increased in the decade to 2008 at a rate above the national and county average. Employment numbers between 2009 and 2014 reveal a 2.2% increase in the authority to reach a figure of 43,500.

Our extensive employment records allow us to monitor the changes to employee numbers from 1929 onwards. We have published separate graphs for each of the 14 Lancashire local authorities that reveal changes in total employee numbers and the shift from manufacturing to service sector employment. Methodological changes, and assumptions for missing years, reduce the accuracy of the graphs, but they do give a useful broad indication of changes over time. The long-term jobs graph for Fylde highlights the substantial growth in employment in the authority over the long-term. 

The source of employee jobs in Fylde is very heavily influenced by BAe and Westinghouse Springfields. It has a much higher proportion of manufacturing jobs than the majority of authorities, mainly as a result of the aerospace industry. In contrast it has one of the lowest proportions of employment in the service sector, however the visitor economy is important in Fylde. The 2011 census results reveal how employment patterns push the workday population figure for Fylde to a much higher figure than the usual resident population. 

There are strong commuting flows between the three Fylde Coast authorities of Fylde, Wyre and Blackpool. The structure of the local economy leads to a high job-density rate for the authority.

In October 2011, the government announced the creation of a single Lancashire enterprise zone that covers the two BAe sites in Lancashire at Samlesbury and Warton. Enterprise zones are areas where financial incentives and a simplified planning structure are designed to encourage businesses and create employment. This was followed in November 2015 by the announcement of the Blackpool Airport Enterprise Zone, which straddles the Blackpool/Fylde boundary.

The present rule regarding the amount of European funding an area is entitled cover the period from 2014 to 2020. Assisted areas are those places where regional aid can be offered to undertakings, typically businesses, under state aid rules. In May 2014, it was confirmed that Fylde has two wards, St. Leonard's, and Warton and Westby, with assisted area status. The latter ward covers an area that forms part of the Lancashire enterprise zone in the authority. Please see the assisted areas map facility to identify qualifying wards across the country. 

The employment rate is above the regional and national average.

In 2017, there are 3,255 active enterprises in Fylde.  

The 2011 census revealed strong commuter flows between the three Fylde Coast authorities of Fylde, Wyre and Blackpool. 

The UK government properties database  is a searchable list of all UK government property holdings and land assets. The web page for the North West region lists land and properties by towns including those in Fylde district.  

Only a small number of armed forces personnel are stationed in Lancashire, but Weeton Barracks has the largest number in the county. 

Average earnings in Fylde are well above the GB average when measured by place of work. The high value manufacturing job opportunities in the authority underpin the strong local results. The survey of personal incomes by HM Revenue and customs broadly includes all individuals whose income is higher than the prevailing personal tax allowance and who are therefore liable to tax. The median results are the middle value that best reflects typical income and they show a high result for Fylde in relation to the Lancashire-12 and North West averages.

There is a low level of employment and support allowance claimants. The housing benefit article identifies the numbers of recipients and the effect of the spare room subsidy withdrawal.  

  1. Community Safety

The recorded crime article reveals that Fylde has the second lowest crime rate in Lancashire. 

For details on community safety in your neighbourhood, please enter your postcode into Safer Lancashire.

Alcohol is known to contribute to offending behaviour, particularly violence, anti-social behaviour and criminal damage.  Residents in Fylde are significantly better or not significantly different on all the indicators measure in the LAPE (Local Alcohol Profiles for England)

In 2016, the number of road casualties revealed 49 people killed or seriously injured in the authority. 

Fylde has one of the four prisons in Lancashire, Kirkham Open Prison, within its area.

  1. Environment and Transport

Transport has a key role to play in realising the economic potential of an area by unlocking key locations, such as the existing and new locations referred to in the economy section. Using sustainable transport modes can significantly improve employment opportunities and life chances. In urban areas the reliance on the car presents problems of traffic congestion and reduced air quality. The M55 passes through the authority and offers direct access to the national motorway network however the rural nature of much of the authority, and the proximity to the coast, means that air quality results in Fylde are much better than those recorded in the proximity of many of the core urban centres of Lancashire.

Blackpool Airport occupies a site that straddles the border between Blackpool and Fylde districts. It was formerly known as Squires Gate Airport and has an aviation history dating back to 1909. Commercial passenger services from the airport dramatically ceased in mid-October 2014, but a month later the airport reopened to general aviation traffic that included helicopters flights to offshore rigs. From 1st April 2015, Citywing re-commenced flights to the Isle-of-Man, but went into liquidation in March 2017 ending scheduled flights from the airport.

In March 2015, the government announced plans for a new enterprise zone at Blackpool Airport. The 144-hectare site will build on the existing strength of the local economy, including the oil and gas industry. It is estimated that the enterprise zone plans could deliver more than 176,000 square metres of floor space and that create more than 1,000 jobs.

The Department for Transport website has an interactive map that lists the traffic flows at hundreds of sites across all of the Lancashire County Council area.

There are seven railway stations in the authority and most are situated on the Blackpool South to Preston line. Kirkham and Wesham is the busiest station in the authority and is the junction for services to Blackpool North or South. Electrification of the Preston to Blackpool North line has caused the closure of the Fylde Coast line until 29th January 2018.

Maps are available that reveal the various rural-urban definitions across Lancashire down to the very small census output area level.  

The National Biodiversity Network Gateway acts as a “data warehouse” for biodiversity information, which can be quickly and easily accessed to understand the distribution of particular species in the UK. Much of the local data is supplied by the Lancashire Environment Record Network (LERN), which is hosted by Lancashire County Council. An interactive map on this site shows the extent of the Environmental Record Centre coverage, including the LERN area, and when adding a species using the 'Add to Map' control, records of their sightings are displayed.

Green belts have been an enduring element of national planning policy. They check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas; prevent neighbouring towns from merging into one another; assist in safeguarding the countryside, preserve the character of historic towns and encourage the recycling of derelict and other urban land. Fylde has a relatively low proportion of its land (10.7%) designated as green belt. 

Lancashire County Council supports a various projects in district authorities via a range of grants and funding options. The county council's environment directorate produces district commissioning plans, and regularly updated district-level dashboards that comment on performance across a range of transport, environmental and other issues.

The Environment Agency samples bathing water quality between May and September to assess performance. In 2017, St Anne's Pier and St Annes North both achieved a 'good' rating. Improvements to the sea defences at Fairhaven costing £20 million as part of the Fylde Peninsula Coastal Programme were approved in May 2017.

The Fylde inshore marine conservation zone was designated in 2013 and covers an area off the Fylde Coast and the Ribble Estuary. Part of the Ribble Estuary has been recommended as another marine conservation zone to be designated in 2018.

Total carbon dioxide emissions in Fylde are high when measured by tonnes per person in comparison to the county and national averages.

The rates of household waste sent for reuse, recycling or composting have in general been improving over the years as sharp increases in Landfill Tax have made the traditional form of Landfill disposal much more expensive. The household waste reuse, recycling and composting rate in 2015/16 was an impressive 52.4%, the best of all 14 Lancashire authorities.  

  1. Health and Wellbeing

Figures for life expectancy at birth reveal that Fylde has male and female averages that are similar to the national figures. The following graph reveals life expectancy changes in the authority, and for England, by three-year time periods from 1991-93 onwards. 

The Fylde Health Profile, published by Public Health England, reveals that the health of people in Fylde is fairly similar to the England average. 

The 2015 health behaviours summary report (PDF 446 KB) and lifestyle survey findings (PDF 876 KB) for Fylde provide further details on lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, drinking, substance use, physical activity, nutrition, excess weight and wellbeing.

Across most of Fylde district the Fylde and Wyre Clinical Commissioning Group is responsible for buying healthcare and wellbeing services for the local community. 

The Blackpool Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust provides important care facilities in the general locality, whilst the Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust website lists a couple of locations in the authority.

The Sport England website contains local sport profiles for each local authority in England.

The local government association has produced 'housing, health and wellbeing profiles' for each local authority across the country. The figures go down to the ward level, and the Fylde profile has results from the census, the index of multiple deprivation and other data sources.

Public Health England has produced hypertension (high blood pressure) profiles for each clinical commissioning group and some local authorities in England. Until all of the district profiles are available, we have linked to the most appropriate CCG profile.

  1. Older People 

The authority has over 21,000 pension claimants of which high concentrations are particularly apparent in Lytham and St Annes on Sea.  

It has been well documented over recent years that people are living longer and that the older age-groups will record some dramatic increases over future years, with associated financial implications and demand for health and social care services. By 2039, the population aged 65 or over in Fylde is projected to increase to around 30,900. 

The personal incomes report has figures for pension incomes. The average and middle value (median) figures for Fylde are reasonable in comparison to most other districts and the national average.      

Attendance allowance provides financial help to people aged 65 or over who are physically or mentally disabled. Given the size of the elderly population the number in Fylde does not seem to be excessive in comparison to other areas.

Life expectancy as mentioned earlier is increasing but there is no guarantee that the extra years of life will necessarily equate to extra years of healthy life expectancy. However, it is not a foregone conclusion that "extra" years of life expectancy should necessarily lead to additional years with ill health or disability. More suitable community services to enable independent living and more effective practice of preventive lifestyles and medicine has the potential to lengthen disability-free life expectancy, particularly in the case of the prevention and treatment of non-fatal but disabling diseases.

The Lancashire Care Homes Association is an organisation that represents care providers across the broader Lancashire area. The website lists a large number of care and nursing homes, along with domiciliary care agencies in the area. The details are listed to by major urban localities across the county.  

Page updated 17 November 2017