Job density figures for 2015 are available down to the local authority level. Jobs density is defined as the number of jobs in an area divided by the resident population aged 16-64 in that area. For example, a job density of 1.0 would mean that there is one job for every resident aged 16-64. It is apparent that not everybody in this age-group would be in employment or actively seeking work, therefore the UK average is well below a job density figure of 1.0.
The total number of jobs is a workplace-based measure and comprises employee jobs, self-employed, government-supported trainees and HM Forces. The total jobs numbers are greater than the employment estimates derived from the business register employment survey, because they encompass a wider definition of the jobs market that includes the self-employed.
The results have been downloaded from the National Online Manpower Information Service website.
The Instant Atlas report lists the job density rates for each of the 14 authorities within the broader Lancashire area, and also includes the UK, regional and county rates.
In 2015, the job density rate for the Lancashire-14 area of 0.78 was below the UK average of 0.83 and was just marginally lower than North West rate of 0.79.
Ribble Valley (1.09) and Fylde (1.07) had job density rates which fell in the top 10% of the UK rankings of 391 local authority areas. The job density for Preston (1.03) was placed just on the 10% break point. South Ribble was the other Lancashire-14 authority with a job density rate in excess of the UK average, falling just in the top third of the rankings.
There are large British Aerospace sites in Fylde and Ribble Valley that underpin their high rates. Preston has a diverse economy that includes significant levels of both public and private service sector employment. Along with South Ribble, Preston benefits from its strategic location in central Lancashire.
Table 1: Job density figures, 2015
|Area||Total Jobs||Job Density||Rank out of 391 UK local authorities|
|Blackburn with Darwen||72,000||0.78||185|
The figure for Ribble Valley was just below the rate for Trafford (1.10), which had the highest job density in the North West. Fylde's rate (1.07) was the same as Manchester, whilst Preston had the same job density figure as Warrington (1.03). However, the number of jobs in Trafford (159,000) and Manchester (399,000) are much greater.
Rossendale (0.62), Wyre (0.61) and Pendle (0.60) recorded the lowest job density rates in the Lancashire-14 area, falling in the bottom 20% of the UK rankings. Many residents within these areas commute to jobs outside of their respective district boundaries. The average earnings results confirm that these three authorities, but particularly Rossendale and Wyre, have lower levels of workplace-based earnings, and better earnings by place of residence. These figures indicate that many residents commute outside their respective areas for better paid jobs.
The City of London had a job density rate (84.29) in 2015 that was far in excess of any other area. The small size and population of the authority, combined a high concentration of financial institutions and other organisations, has resulted in a huge job to resident ratio. The extent of the difference can be seen by comparing the figures for Westminster (4.3%) and the neighbouring borough of Camden (2.23), ranked in second and third positions, respectively.
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National map of job densities by local authority (PDF 691 KB)
Page updated April 2017
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