Job densities

Introduction 

Job density figures for 2015 are available down to the local authority level. Jobs density is defined as the number of jobs in an area divided by the resident population aged 16-64 in that area. For example, a job density of 1.0 would mean that there is one job for every resident aged 16-64. It is apparent that not everybody in this age-group would be in employment or actively seeking work, therefore the UK average is well below a job density figure of 1.0.

The total number of jobs is a workplace-based measure and comprises employee jobs, self-employed, government-supported trainees and HM Forces. The total jobs numbers are greater than the employment estimates derived from the business register employment survey, because they encompass a wider definition of the jobs market that includes the self-employed.

The results have been downloaded from the National Online Manpower Information Service website.

Analysis of the Lancashire-14, North West and UK figures

The Instant Atlas report lists the job density rates for each of the 14 authorities within the broader Lancashire area, and also includes the UK, regional and county rates. 

In 2015, the job density rate for the Lancashire-14 area of 0.78 was below the UK average of 0.83 and was just marginally lower than North West rate of 0.79.

Ribble Valley (1.09) and Fylde (1.07) had job density rates which fell in the top 10% of the UK rankings of 391 local authority areas. The job density for Preston (1.03) was placed just on the 10% break point. South Ribble was the other Lancashire-14 authority with a job density rate in excess of the UK average, falling just in the top third of the rankings.

There are large British Aerospace sites in Fylde and Ribble Valley that underpin their high rates. Preston has a diverse economy that includes significant levels of both public and private service sector employment. Along with South Ribble, Preston benefits from its strategic location in central Lancashire. 

Table 1: Job density figures, 2015

Area Total Jobs Job Density Rank out of 391 UK local authorities
Burnley 43,000 0.79 170
Chorley 46,000 0.65 304
Fylde 48,000 1.07 30
Hyndburn 33,000 0.67 292
Lancaster 62,000 0.68 288
Pendle 33,000 0.60 337
Preston 96,000 1.03 39
Ribble Valley 38,000 1.09 27
Rossendale 27,000 0.62 322
South Ribble 58,000 0.85 127
West Lancashire 51,000 0.74 229
Wyre 38,000 0.61 329
Lancashire-12 573,000 0.78 -
Blackburn with Darwen 72,000 0.78 185
Blackpool 67,000 0.78 185
Lancashire-14 711,000 0.78 -
North West 3,581,000 0.79 -
United Kingdom 34,059,000 0.83 -

Source: National Online Manpower Information System (Nomis).

The figure for Ribble Valley was just below the rate for Trafford (1.10), which had the highest job density in the North West. Fylde's rate (1.07) was the same as Manchester, whilst Preston had the same job density figure as Warrington (1.03). However, the number of jobs in Trafford (159,000) and Manchester (399,000) are much greater.  

Rossendale (0.62), Wyre (0.61) and Pendle (0.60) recorded the lowest job density rates in the Lancashire-14 area, falling in the bottom 20% of the UK rankings. Many residents within these areas commute to jobs outside of their respective district boundaries. The average earnings results confirm that these three authorities, but particularly Rossendale and Wyre, have lower levels of workplace-based earnings, and better earnings by place of residence. These figures indicate that many residents commute outside their respective areas for better paid jobs. 

The City of London had a job density rate (84.29) in 2015 that was far in excess of any other area. The small size and population of the authority, combined a high concentration of financial institutions and other organisations, has resulted in a huge job to resident ratio. The extent of the difference can be seen by comparing the figures for Westminster (4.3%) and the neighbouring borough of Camden (2.23), ranked in second and third positions, respectively.

The full size Adobe pdf version of the GB map can be downloaded below or by clicking the image immediately to the right. If the map opens in your browser window, the full functionality of the pdf will not be available. To get round this you will have to save the file, instead of immediately opening it. You can then change the open option to 'open with', at which point you choose Adobe Reader (if you have it installed).

Further mapping

 National map of job densities by local authority (PDF 691 KB)

Page updated April 2017