Chorley district

 

This summary offers a snapshot of some of the most important economic, social and environmental factors in Chorley district with links through to the source information. The information has been allocated to one of seven themes:

  1. Children and Young People
  2. People and Communities
  3. Economic Development
  4. Community Safety
  5. Environment and Transport
  6. Health and Wellbeing
  7. Older People

Introduction

Chorley is a district in central Lancashire that occupies a prime strategic location. The authority covers 203 square kilometres, has 20 wards, and in the number of people per km² is similar to the North West average. From an historic point of view there have been dramatic changes and the pace of future change is liable to increase. 

  1. Children and Young People

Each of the 12 district authorities in the county council area has a Local Children's Trust Partnership. The trusts have identified district priorities, and the 'what's happening in your area' section links to detailed outcomes for children and young people reports (CYP profiles) for each authority. There is also a performance dashboard for Chorley, with a wide range of indicators covering the themes of feeling safe, doing well, being happy and being healthy.    

Key stage 4 covers the two years of school education that incorporates GCSEs in maintained schools. A new secondary school GCSE accountability system was implemented in 2016, in which 'Attainment 8' measures achievement in maths and English plus other subjects with less weighting. In 2015/16 the average score was 51.6 in Chorley district. This was ahead of the average of 49.7 for the Lancashire County Council area. The Department for Education achievement and attainment tables have more information on achievement at other levels. 

For young children and parents the county council has overseen the development of a number of children's centres in the authority. The county council's Lancashire schools website lists all schools in Chorley district. Ofsted inspection reports are a useful source of local information.

The county council's Young People's Service website has an activity and organisations search facility that lists a wide range of options for young people in each 12 districts within the county council area. 

Business Intelligence and Public Health analysts at Lancashire County Council have produced Child health profiles for medium tier areas of which there are two that are almost completely within Chorley and one more that covers an appreciable amount of West Lancashire as well. They are Chorley East, Chorley Central and it is Chorley West that extends into the neighbouring West Lancashire district.

  1. People and Communities

The population in the authority has been increasing at a reasonably fast rate and rose from 97,000 in 1991 to 114,351 in 2016.  

Local authority live births and deaths graphs are available that track changes in births and deaths since the 1980s for each authority in Lancashire. The graph for Chorley indicates that live births normally exceed deaths over the long-term.

It is estimated that between 2014 and 2039 the population of Chorley will increase by 18.1%, the highest predicted growth rate by far in Lancashire-14. The number of households in the authority is projected to increase by a substantial 24.6% between 2014 and 2039. This is the largest expected growth rate in the Lancashire-14 area and the only authority to exceed the predicted percentage growth in households in England of 23.1%.   

mosaic profile of local households classifies Lancashire residents by 15 main groups. Aspiring homemakers is a particularly well-represented group in the authority, whilst prestige positions and senior security are among the other dominant groups in parts of Chorley district.  

The median house price to median earnings ratio places the authority well about the average for the county council area.  

Chorley has around 49,900 dwellings of which 87% are owner occupied or private rented. On the whole, there are larger proportions of housing stock in the higher council tax bands in comparison to the county average. It has, over recent years, also recorded strong growth in the number of dwellings in the authority. Chorley district has a smaller percentage of its housing stock in the lowest council tax band A compared to the Lancashire-14 area average of 40.1%.

The past few years has seen the number of net additional dwellings in Chorley district expand at a far higher rate than other Lancashire authorities.

In Chorley, 9.8% of households were in fuel poverty in 2015, which was lower than the England rate of 11.0%. The main factors that determine this are the energy efficiency status of the property, the cost of energy; and household income.

The 2015 Indices of Deprivation  reveals that of out of 326 districts and unitary authorities in England, Chorley was ranked the 186th most deprived by the rank of average rank score.  

The national lottery funding results for Chorley are updated on a regular basis.  

  1. Economic Development

The growth in employee numbers in Chorley was well above the national and county averages in the decade to 2008, but between 2009 and 2014, the employment number for the authority declined by 2.2%.                    

In Chorley as in most places, the manufacturing sector has shed jobs over the years whilst the service sector has grown to become a far greater source of employment. Chorley has a lower rate of employee jobs in the manufacturing sector than is the norm in the county and nationally and conversely a higher rate of employment in the service sector generally, but in particular as a result of the authority's high level of employment in real estate, professional, scientific and administrative sector

Our extensive employment records allow us to monitor the changes to employee numbers from 1929 onwards. We have published separate graphs for each of the 14 Lancashire local authorities that reveal changes in total employee numbers and the shift from manufacturing to service sector employment. Methodological changes, and assumptions for missing years, reduce the accuracy of the graphs, but they do give a useful broad indication of changes over time. The Chorley graph is ls displayed below and highlights the strong employment growth that has occurred in the authority over the long-term. 

In 2017, there are 4,370 active enterprises in Chorley. The authority is in an excellent business location that will be further enhanced by developments such as the 128 acre Revolution logistics and industrial park that forms part of the Buckshaw Village site. 

The most recent company in Chorley to win a Queen's Award for Enterprise is GA Pet Food Partners in 2016.

Chorley is part of central Lancashire which operates as a relatively well-connected internal labour market with strong commuter flows between Preston, South Ribble and Chorley. Chorley also stands out as a supplier of labour to the Manchester city region, especially Bolton and Wigan. These northern Manchester districts are experiencing economic challenges and restructuring and have not benefited substantially from the strong economic growth in the core of Manchester. The 2011 census confirmed that Chorley had a low percentage (39.1%) of people aged 16+ who lived and worked within the authority.   

The UK government properties database is a searchable list of all UK government property holdings and land assets. The web page for the North West region lists land and properties by towns including those in Chorley district.

Average earnings in Chorley are noticeably higher when measured by place of residence in comparison to place of work. The excellent transport connections to Manchester and other localities mean that the district records a positive benefit from commuter flows. Both figures are however below the GB average. The 2011 census results reveal how employment patterns results in a much lower workday population figure for Chorley in comparison to the usual resident population. The article also shows that there is a large net outflow of well-qualified commuters (NVQ level 4). 

The survey of personal incomes by HM Revenue and customs broadly includes all individuals whose income is higher than the prevailing personal tax allowance and who are therefore liable to tax. The median results are the middle value that best reflects typical income and they show a result for Chorley that is above the regional average.

Housing benefit is claimed by a large number of households in the authority, and the article identifies the effects of the spare room subsidy withdrawal.  

  1. Community Safety

The recorded crime article reveals that Chorley has a crime rate below the average for the Lancashire-14 area.  

For details on community safety in your neighbourhood, please enter your postcode into Safer Lancashire.  

Alcohol is known to contribute to offending behaviour, particularly violence, anti-social behaviour and criminal damage.  Residents in the authority have significantly worse hospital stays due to alcohol and binge drinking than the national average according to the LAPE (Local Alcohol Profiles for England).

In 2016, a total of 560 people were killed or seriously injured in road traffic collisions in the authority.  

Chorley has two of the four prisons in Lancashire within its area, Garth and Wymott. Together they account for a large proportion of the prison spaces in the county and are a significant source of local employment.

  1. Environment and Transport

Transport has a key role to play in realising the economic potential of an area by unlocking key locations, such as the existing and new locations referred to in the economy section.  Using sustainable transport modes can significantly improve employment opportunities and life chances. In urban areas the reliance on the car presents problems of traffic congestion and reduced air quality. The urban core central area of the authority has one area close to the M61 motorway that has an air quality result amongst the worst in the county.

The Central Lancashire Highways and Transport Masterplan is the strategic transport document for the wider area and contains references to transport issues in the authority.

The M6, M61 and M65 motorways all pass through the authority and offer quick connections to other parts of the county and beyond. There is also a network of 'A' roads. The Department for Transport website has an interactive map that lists the traffic flows at hundreds of sites across all of the Lancashire County Council area.

There are five railway stations in the authority with Chorley being by far the most important. Buckshaw Village station has recorded some noticeable growth since it opened in October 2011.    

Maps are available that reveal the various rural-urban definitions across Lancashire down to the very small census output area level.

The National Biodiversity Network Gateway acts as a “data warehouse” for biodiversity information, which can be quickly and easily accessed to understand the distribution of particular species in the UK. Much of the local data is supplied by the Lancashire Environment Record Network (LERN), which is hosted by Lancashire County Council. An interactive map on this site shows the extent of the Environmental Record Centre coverage, including the LERN area, and when adding a species using the 'Add to Map' control, records of their sightings are displayed.

Green belts have been an enduring element of national planning policy. They check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas; prevent neighbouring towns from merging into one another; assist in safeguarding the countryside, preserve the character of historic towns and encourage the recycling of derelict and other urban land. Chorley has a very high proportion (71.8%) of its land designated as green belt. There is extensive countryside and Chorley Borough Council is responsible for the many parks and open spaces in the area that cover over 300 hectares.

Total carbon dioxide emissions in Chorley are higher than the national average when measured by tonnage per person. There is a high level of emissions from road transport as a result of the authority's position at the heart of the county's motorway network. Mortality attributed to poor air quality was worse than the England average in 2015.

The rates of household waste sent for reuse, recycling or composting have in general been improving over the years as sharp increases in Landfill Tax has made the traditional form of Landfill disposal much more expensive. The household waste reuse, recycling and composting rate for Chorley in 2015/16 was 48.0%.

The legacy of former mine workings in the area was highlighted in 2015, when the  coal authority published development risk plans and specific risk plans that included a set for Chorley district.

Lancashire County Council supports a various projects in district authorities via a range of grants and funding options. The county council's environment directorate produces district commissioning plans, and regularly updated district-level dashboards that comment on performance across a range of transport, environmental and other issues. 

  1. Health and Wellbeing

Figures for life expectancy at birth reveal that Chorley district had a male figure similar to the national average, but the female average was below the national outturn. The following graph reveals life expectancy changes in the authority by three-year time periods from 1991-93 onwards. The graph emphasises the relatively close correlations between the Chorley and national averages. 

The Chorley Health Profile, published by Public Health England, is largely similar to the England average, except for in particular excess winter deaths and to a lesser extent infant mortality, which are a lot worse.

The 2015 health behaviours summary report (PDF 446 KB) and lifestyle survey findings (PDF 899 KB) for Chorley provide further details on lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, drinking, substance use, physical activity, nutrition, excess weight and wellbeing.

Chorley is one of the areas for which Chorley and South Ribble Clinical Commissioning Group is responsible for the planning and buying of local health services. A major local facility on the outskirts of the town is the Chorley and South Ribble Hospital.

The Trauma and Injury Intelligence Group (TIIG) was established to develop an injury surveillance system covering the North West. The Lancashire results include reports for Chorley and South Ribble Hospital.

The Sport England website contains local sport profiles for each local authority in England.

The local government association has produced 'housing, health and wellbeing profiles' for each local authority across the country. The figures go down to the ward level, and the Chorley profile has results from the census, the index of multiple deprivation and other data sources.

Public Health England has produced hypertension (high blood pressure) profiles for each clinical commissioning group and some local authorities in England. Until all of the district profiles are available, we have linked to the most appropriate CCG profile.

  1. Older People 

The state pension caseload in Chorley district is now over 22,000.  

It has been well documented over recent years that people are living longer and that the older age-groups will record some dramatic increases over future years, with associated financial implications and demand for health and social care services. By 2039, the population projections estimate that Chorley will have 35,600 people aged 65 or over. 

Attendance allowance provides financial help to people aged 65 or over who are physically or mentally disabled. The caseload in Chorley, in comparison to other authorities, does not appear to be excessive.

Life expectancy as mentioned earlier is increasing but there is no guarantee that the extra years of life will necessarily equate to extra years of healthy life expectancy. However, it is not a foregone conclusion that "extra" years of life expectancy should necessarily lead to additional years with ill health or disability. More suitable community services to enable independent living and more effective practice of preventive lifestyles and medicine has the potential to lengthen disability-free life expectancy, particularly in the case of the prevention and treatment of non-fatal but disabling diseases.

The Lancashire Care Homes Association is an organisation that represents care providers across the broader Lancashire area. The website lists a large number of care and nursing homes, along with domiciliary care agencies in the area. The details are listed by major urban localities across the county. 

Page updated 17 November 2017