Hyndburn district

This summary offers a snapshot of some of the most important economic, social and environmental factors in Hyndburn district with links through to the source information. The information has been allocated to one of seven themes:

  1. Children and Young People
  2. People and Communities
  3. Economic Development
  4. Community Safety
  5. Environment and Transport
  6. Health and Wellbeing
  7. Older People

 Introduction

Hyndburn is an authority in East Lancashire that covers 73 square kilometres, has 16 wards, and the number of people per km² is around three times the England and Wales average. From an historic point of view there have been dramatic changes and the pace of future change is liable to increase.  

  1. Children and Young People

Each of the 12 district authorities in the county council area has a Local Children's Trust Partnership. The trusts have identified district priorities, and the 'what's happening in your area' section links to detailed outcomes for children and young people reports (CYP profiles) for each authority. There is also a performance dashboard for Hyndburn, with a wide range of indicators covering the themes of feeling safe, doing well, being happy and being healthy. 

Key stage 4 covers the two years of school education that incorporates GCSEs in maintained schools. A new secondary school GCSE accountability system was implemented in 2016, in which 'Attainment 8' measures achievement in maths and English plus other subjects with less weighting. The Attainment 8 average score was 45.8 in Hyndburn district in 2015/16. This was below the average score of 49.7 for the Lancashire County Council area, and was the lowest of the 12 districts in the county area. The Department for Education achievement and attainment tables have more information on achievement at other levels. 

For young children and parents the county council has overseen the development of a number of children's centres in the authority. The county council's Lancashire schools website lists all schools in Chorley district. Ofsted inspection reports are a useful source of local information.

Only a relatively small number of families in Hyndburn have an income level that led to them opting out of receiving child benefit.

The county council's Young People's Service website has an activity and organisations search facility that lists a wide range of options for young people in each 12 districts within the county council area. 

Business Intelligence and Public Health analysts at Lancashire County Council have produced Child health profiles for medium tier areas of which there are two in Hyndburn: Hyndburn East and Hyndburn West.

  1. People and Communities 

The population in the authority has over recent years been affected by negative migration that is experienced in other authorities in East Lancashire. The authority has a tendency towards a younger population and fewer people of pensionable age than is the average for England and Wales. The ethnic mix is similar to other authorities in East Lancashire, predominantly white. The largest minority ethnic group is Pakistani. 

The total fertility rate can be used as an estimate of the fertility growth factor in the population. The rate in Hyndburn of 2.09 for 2016 was one of the highest in Lancashire and well above the England and Wales average of 1.81.

Local authority live births and deaths graphs are available that track changes in births and deaths since the 1980s for each authority in Lancashire. The graph for Hyndburn reveals that over the long-term, live births have exceeded deaths in virtually every year.  

It is estimated that between 2014 and 2039 the population of Hyndburn will actually decline by 2.5%, which is in stark contrast to the 4.4% increase expected for Lancashire-14, and the 16.5% rise predicted for England as a whole. The projected number of households in the authority is forecast to grow by 3.6% between 2014 and 2039, the second lowest percentage increase in the Lancashire-14 area, and is well below the England (23.1%) and Lancashire-14 (10.4%) averages.

A mosaic profile of local households classifies Lancashire residents by 15 main groups. Transient renters and suburban stability are two of the dominant groups in parts of Hyndburn. 

Hyndburn has around 36,500 dwellings, 86% are owner occupied or private rented. Hyndburn, like other East Lancashire authorities, has a very high proportion of its housing stock in council tax band A. The authority also has a high percentage of vacant dwellings.

The median house price to earnings ratio in the authority is very low. 

A total of 14.42% of households in Hyndburn were in fuel poverty in 2015. This was the 20th highest rate out of 326 authorities across England. The main factors that determine this are the energy efficiency status of the property, the cost of energy, and household income.

The 2015 Indices of Deprivation reveals that Hyndburn was the 28th most deprived area out of 326 districts and unitary authorities in England, by the rank of average rank measure. In total. 25% of the lower super output areas in the authority were in the 10% most deprived in the country.

The national lottery funding results for Hyndburn are updated on a regular basis.

  1. Economic Development

In contrast to the national and county growth, employee numbers in Hyndburn were static in the decade to 2008, whilst between 2009 and 2014 the employment number in the authority rose by just 0.9% to reach 27,900.  

In Hyndburn as in most places, the manufacturing sector has shed jobs over the years whilst the service sector has grown to become a far greater source of employee jobs. However there still continues to be a bias towards a larger proportion of employees in the manufacturing sector in Lancashire and Hyndburn than is the national norm and a lower proportion of jobs in the service sector.     

Warehousing development has been an important contributor to employment growth in Lancashire in recent years and the area has strong concentrations of warehousing floorspace around along the M65 corridor. Employee numbers in the wholesale, retail and motor trade sector reflect this. There is currently a small employment presence in the public administration, defence and compulsory social security sector

Our extensive employment records allow us to monitor the changes to employee numbers from 1929 onwards. We have published separate graphs for each of the 14 Lancashire local authorities that reveal changes in total employee numbers and the shift from manufacturing to service sector employment. Methodological changes, and assumptions for missing years, reduce the accuracy of the graphs, but they do give a useful broad indication of changes over time. The long-term jobs graph for Hyndburn indicates that the employment total in the authority was at its highest in 1929.  

The percentage of workless households is reasonably high in the authority.

In 2017, there are only 2,275 active enterprises in Hyndburn, the lowest figure of all 14 Lancashire authorities. 

Two recent companies in Hyndburn won Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2012. BMP Europe Ltd, located in Accrington, are manufacturers of an extensive range of engineered textile & polyurethane elastomer products. They won the award for international trade.  Langtec Ltd., also based in Accrington are manufacturers of insulating products also won in the international trade category. 

The M65 has improved access to the area and a number of new business locations have been developed close to motorway junctions.  

The present rules for the amount of European funding an area is entitled cover the period from 2014 to 2020. Assisted areas are those places where regional aid can be offered to undertakings, typically businesses, under state aid rules. In May 2014, it was confirmed that Hyndburn has seven wards with assisted area status. Please see the assisted areas map facility to identify specific wards. 

Hyndburn has a localised labour market, with 51% having journeys to work of less than 5km (compared to 40% nationally). This may be related to some cultural attitudes, whereby residents with low wages, poor skills and low aspirations will only travel limited distances for employment opportunities. Strongest commuting flows are to and from Blackburn. The 2011 census commuter flow results between local authorities revealed that 6,278 Hyndburn residents commuted to work in  Blackburn with Darwen on census day.

Average earnings in Hyndburn are low when measured by place of work which is around £10 more than by place of residence, whilst the personal incomes results reveal a very low median total income figure for Hyndburn.

There is a high level of employment and support allowance claimants, whilst the housing benefit article identifies the number of recipients and the effects of the spare room subsidy withdrawal in the authority. In comparison to the national average, there is a high percentage of the working age population that is reliant on welfare benefits.  

  1. Community Safety

The recorded crime article for Hyndburn crime rate was just above the average for the Lancashire-14 area.  

For more details on community safety in your neighbourhood, please enter your postcode into Safer Lancashire

Alcohol is known to contribute to offending behaviour, particularly violence, anti-social behaviour and criminal damage.  Residents in the authority have significantly worse number of hospital stays due to alcohol than the national average according to the LAPE (Local Alcohol Profiles for England).

In 2016, a total of 38 people in the authority were killed or seriously injured in road traffic collisions. 

  1. Environment and Transport

Transport has a key role to play in realising the economic potential of an area by unlocking key locations, such as the existing and new locations referred to in the economy section.  Using sustainable transport modes can significantly improve employment opportunities and life chances. In urban areas the reliance on the car presents problems of traffic congestion and reduced air quality. The latest air quality results show relatively low emissions of pollutants in the eastern Lancashire districts, even around the urban centres, although Rishton has a moderately high count for particulates.

The East Lancashire Highways and Transport Masterplan is the strategic transport document for the wider area and contains references to transport issues in the authority.

The Department for Transport website has an interactive map that lists the traffic flows at hundreds of sites across all of the Lancashire County Council area. 

There are four railway stations in the authority area, of which the busiest is Accrington.    

Maps are available that reveal the various rural-urban definitions across Lancashire down to the very small census output area level.

The National Biodiversity Network Gateway acts as a “data warehouse” for biodiversity information, which can be quickly and easily accessed to understand the distribution of particular species in the UK. Much of the local data is supplied by the Lancashire Environment Record Network (LERN), which is hosted by Lancashire County Council. An interactive map on this site shows the extent of the Environmental Record Centre coverage, including the LERN area, and when adding a species using the 'Add to Map' control, records of their sightings are displayed.

Green belts have been an enduring element of national planning policy. They check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas; prevent neighbouring towns from merging into one another; assist in safeguarding the countryside, preserve the character of historic towns and encourage the recycling of derelict and other urban land. Hyndburn has a large proportion of land designated as green belt

Lancashire County Council supports a various projects in district authorities via a range of grants and funding options. The county council's environment directorate produces district commissioning plans, and regularly updated district-level dashboards that comment on performance across a range of transport, environmental and other issues. 

Total carbon dioxide emissions in Hyndburn are quite low in terms of both total tonnage and emissions per person.

The household waste reuse, recycling and composting rate in Hyndburn was just 32.5% in 2015/16, the lowest of all 14 Lancashire authorities.

The legacy of former mine workings in the area was highlighted in 2015, when the  coal authority published development risk plans and specific risk plans that included a set for Hyndburn district.

  1. Health and Wellbeing

Figures for life expectancy at birth reveal that Hyndburn district had very low male and female averages in comparison to the national figures. The following graph reveals life expectancy changes in the authority by three-year time periods from 1991-93 onwards. The graph emphasises the growing disparities between the Hyndburn and national averages. 

The Hyndburn Health Profile, published by Public Health England, reveals that the health of people in Hyndburn is generally worse than the England average.

The 2015 health behaviours summary report (PDF 447 KB) and lifestyle survey findings (PDF 957 KB) for Hyndburn provide further details on lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, drinking, substance use, physical activity, nutrition, excess weight and wellbeing.  

Hyndburn is one of the authorities for which, from April 2013, East Lancashire Clinical Commissioning Group plan and pay for most health services to meet the needs of local residents. Hospital services are provided by East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust. There are various health centres and clinics.

The Sport England website contains local sport profiles for each local authority in England.

The local government association has produced 'housing, health and wellbeing profiles' for each local authority across the country. The figures go down to the ward level, and the Hyndburn profile has results from the census, the index of multiple deprivation and other data sources.

Public Health England has produced hypertension (high blood pressure) profiles for each clinical commissioning group and and some local authorities in England. Until all of the district profiles are available, we have linked to the most appropriate CCG profile.

  1. Older People

The authority has relatively few state pension claimants. In the county as a whole; the highest concentrations are found in selected areas along the coast. Pension Credit is for pensioners at the lower end of the income scale and the caseload in the authority is relatively high in comparison to the number of pensioners.

It has been well documented over recent years that people are living longer and that the older age-groups will record some dramatic increases over future years, with associated financial implications and demand for health and social care services. By 2039, the population aged 65 or over in Hyndburn is projected to increase to 19,800. 

Attendance allowance provides financial help to people aged 65 or over who are physically or mentally disabled.  

The personal incomes report has in Table 4, figures for pension incomes. The average and middle value (median) figures for Hyndburn are low in comparison to most other districts and the national average.

Life expectancy as mentioned earlier is increasing but there is no guarantee that the extra years of life will necessarily equate to extra years of healthy life expectancy. However, it is not a foregone conclusion that "extra" years of life expectancy should necessarily lead to additional years with ill health or disability. More suitable community services to enable independent living and more effective practice of preventive lifestyles and medicine has the potential to lengthen disability-free life expectancy, particularly in the case of the prevention and treatment of non-fatal but disabling diseases.

The Lancashire Care Homes Association is an organisation that represents care providers across the broader Lancashire area. The website lists a large number of care and nursing homes, along with domiciliary care agencies in the area. The details are listed to by major urban localities across the county. 

Page updated 17 November 2017