Dwelling stock by council tax band

Summary

The 12 Lancashire authorities together had a combined dwelling stock figure of 563,050 in March 2022, which represented 2.2% of the total for England. Numbers in each of the Lancashire-14 authorities ranged from a high of 72,080 in Blackpool to 28,600 in Ribble Valley.

Analysis by council tax band shows that over 60% of dwellings in Burnley and Pendle were in the lowest band 'A' (England = 24%). The highest tax bands of 'F' to 'H' accounted for 9.3% of properties in England but just 1.1% in Burnley and 1.2% in Blackpool and Hyndburn. In Ribble Valley and Fylde however the proportions were 16.6% and 11.3% respectively.

The council tax bands

The dwelling stock information contained in this report is derived from the Valuation Office Agency. It provides information on the number of domestic properties and their distribution across the eight standard council tax bands 'A to H'.

Dwellings are classified as accommodation which is normally lived in by one or more people, and include houses, flats, bungalows and maisonettes. Temporary structures such as caravans and houseboats are counted as dwellings if they are the main residence of a household. The precise definition that applies to this dataset is set out in section three of the 1992 Local Government Finance Act, and is concerned with establishing ownership, occupation and liability for council tax purposes. Each dwelling in England is assigned to one of eight council tax bands as shown in the table.

Band band A band B band C band D band E band F band G band H
Min value (£)   40,001 52,001 68,001 88,001 120,001 160,001 320,001
Max value (£) 40,000 52,000 68,000 88,000 120,000 160,000 320,000  

The council tax band of a property is based on the price a property would have fetched if it had been sold on the open market on 1 April 1991.

Dwelling stock results

In total, the dataset covered over 25 million dwellings in England in March 2022. Table 1 has the dwelling stock numbers for the local authorities in Lancashire. Blackpool, with 72,080 dwellings, had the largest stock of all Lancashire authorities, whilst Ribble Valley recorded the lowest number with 28,600. The dwelling stock in the Lancashire-12 area amounted to 563,050, which represents 16.6% of the North West total and 2.2% of the England figure. The most striking aspect about the results is the high proportions of dwellings in the lowest council tax band (A) in some Lancashire authorities. On average, 24.0% of dwellings in England were in council tax band 'A', but in Burnley and Pendle the percentages were in excess of 60%. In contrast, Fylde and Ribble Valley had rates of 17.5% and 13.4% respectively. Around a quarter (22.7%) of all the band 'A' dwellings in England are found in the North West region. The number of band 'A' houses in Blackpool has reduced slightly since 2021.

Table 1 Dwelling stock by council tax band, March 2022 (table scrolls left to right to show all bands and combined values for bands F to H)

  Total band 'A' band 'A' % band 'B' band 'B' % band 'C' band 'C' % band 'D' band 'D' % band 'E' band 'E' % band 'F' band 'F' % band 'G' band 'G' % band 'H' band 'H' % bands 'F, G & H' bands 'F, G & H' %
Burnley 42,340 25,650 60.6% 5,690 13.4% 6,320 14.9% 2,910 6.9% 1,270 3.0% 330 0.8% 130 0.3% 20 0.0% 480 1.1%
Chorley 52,390 15,070 28.8% 11,990 22.9% 9,690 18.5% 6,930 13.2% 5,340 10.2% 2,310 4.4% 990 1.9% 70 0.1% 3,370 6.4%
Fylde 40,450 7,090 17.5% 6,780 16.8% 9,390 23.2% 7,410 18.3% 5,200 12.9% 2,790 6.9% 1,650 4.1% 140 0.3% 4,580 11.3%
Hyndburn 37,440 21,920 58.5% 5,710 15.3% 5,710 15.3% 2,770 7.4% 860 2.3% 280 0.7% 170 0.5% 10 0.0% 460 1.2%
Lancaster 66,100 23,210 35.1% 16,380 24.8% 12,720 19.2% 6,630 10.0% 4,180 6.3% 2,060 3.1% 850 1.3% 80 0.1% 2,990 4.5%
Pendle 41,050 24,990 60.9% 4,730 11.5% 4,550 11.1% 3,380 8.2% 1,820 4.4% 1,000 2.4% 530 1.3% 40 0.1% 1,570 3.8%
Preston 66,120 29,810 45.1% 12,880 19.5% 10,430 15.8% 7,000 10.6% 3,190 4.8% 1,770 2.7% 980 1.5% 60 0.1% 2,810 4.2%
Ribble Valley 28,600 3,820 13.4% 5,420 19.0%  5,510  19.3%  4,960  17.3%  4,120  14.4% 2,450 8.9% 2,000 7.0% 220 0.8% 4,760 16.6%
Rossendale 32,320 16,340 50.6% 5,090 15.7%  4,300  13.3%  3,420  10.6% 2,000  6.2% 690 2.1% 450 1.4% 40 0.1% 1,180  3.7%
South Ribble 50,880 10,080 19.8% 13,310 26.2%  12,690  24.9%  8,300  16.3%  4,230  8.3% 1,690 3.3% 560 1.1% 30 0.1%  2,280  4.5%
West Lancashire 51,230 14,710 28.7% 9,330 18.2%  10,210  19.9%  7,470  14.6% 5,170  10.1% 2,580 5.0% 1,660 3.2% 110 0.2%  4,350  8.5%
Wyre 54,150 11,900 22.0% 12,220 22.6%  12,980  24.0%  7,630  14.1%  5,620 10.4% 2,640 4.9% 1,090 2.0% 80 0.1%  3,810  7.0%
Lancashire-12 563,050 204,580 36.3% 109,520 19.5%  104,470  18.6%  68,810  12.2%  43,010  7.6% 20,680 3.7% 11,070 2.0% 890 0.2%  32,640  5.8%
Blackburn with Darwen 62,510 35,800 57.3% 9,610 15.4%  8,660  13.9%  4,640  7.4%  2,330  3.7% 820 1.3% 580 0.9% 70 0.1% 1,470 2.4%
Blackpool 72,080 31,990 44.4% 21,140 29.3%  11,370  15.8%  4,790  6.6%  1,940  2.7% 580 0.8% 250 0.3% 30 0.0% 860  1.2%
Lancashire-14 697,640 272,370 39.0% 140,270 20.1%  124,500  17.8%  78,240  11.2%  47,280  6.8% 22,080 3.2% 11,900 1.7% 990 0.1% 34,970  5.0%
North West 3,385,130 1,368,970 40.4% 687,300 20.3%  598,840  17.7%  351,150  10.4%  206,950  6.1% 100,770 3.0% 64,040 1.9% 7,120 0.2%  171,930  5.1%
England 25,105,170 6,022,100 24.0% 4,903,610 19.5%  5,493,990  21.9%  3,913,100  15.6%  2,441,550  9.7% 1,296,090 5.2% 885,610 3.5% 149,120 0.6%  2,330,820  9.3%

Source: Valuation Office Agency, dwelling stock by council tax band, 2022

For Lancashire-12, the percentage of properties in band 'B' (19.5%) was similar to the England average, but from C onwards the proportions for Lancashire fall noticeably below the norm for England. The highest tax bands of 'F' to 'H' together accounted for 9.3% of properties in England but just 5.0% in the Lancashire-14 area. In Ribble Valley and Fylde however, the proportions are 16.6% and 11.3% respectively. In contrast, Burnley (1.1%) and Blackpool and Hyndburn (both 1.2%) had very few dwellings in the top three bands.

Table 2 is available as a downloadable comma separated value file. It contains the total number of dwelling stock by each council tax band and the percentages in those bands.  The table contains the data behind the district level visualisations on slide 3 of the Lancashire Insight housing dashboard which also contains a map visualisation for the small area geography LSOAs of which there are 941 in the Lancashire-14 area, also for the 2022 results. 

We have replaced the Table 3 and change section with extra visualisations in the Housing Dashboard, which show the annual % change in numbers of dwellings in each council tax band for all years since 2011. We have put this in the same slide as the net additional dwellings time-series. The time periods covered are not exactly the same, but it is possible to select any combination of districts, such as those grouped together in the NUTS 3 areas. In recent years there have been higher rises in dwellings in the more expensive council tax bands in NUTS 3 area 'Mid Lancashire' than in 'East Lancashire'. Mid Lancashire is a combination of Fylde, Preston, South  Ribble and Ribble Valley. East Lancashire is a combination of Pendle, Burnley, Rossendale and Hyndburn.

The band into which a new built property is placed will depend on factors such as the value of the land and the local housing market situation, rather than simply the size, number of rooms and cost of construction, although this might not be a significant issue for potential buyers. Our articles on additional affordable housing and earnings to house price ratios may be of interest.

Not all of the changes to the number of dwellings in each band are as a result of new build, demolitions or change of use . There are circumstances where householders may appeal against the band into which their property was originally placed. 

Page updated June 2022.