Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), sometimes referred to as circulatory diseases, are diseases of the heart and blood vessels, including coronary heart disease (CHD), heart attack and stroke. CVD is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart, brain or body caused by atheroma or thrombosis and is common in people aged over 60.  

The main causes of CVD are tobacco use, physical inactivity, an unhealthy diet and harmful alcohol use.

Key findings

Any rates quoted are directly standardised and are for 100,000 of the population for the age group stated. 

  • The prevalence of coronary heart disease (all persons, all ages) in the Lancashire and South Cumbria ICS area (3.9%), higher than England (3.1%) (2018/19).* 
  • The prevalence of hypertension (all ages) in the Lancashire and South Cumbria ICS area (15%) is higher than England (14.0%).*
*there is a data quality issue with this/these value(s). There is a potential underestimate of the value due to double counting of patients in QOF (Quality and Outcomes Framework). NHS Digital is working towards resolving this issue, but there is no date for the correction. This means the current data cannot be directly compared with previous years.

Premature mortality from CVD

  • The long-term rate of premature mortality (under-75 years) is declining in the Lancashire-12 area (81.4 per 100,000 persons) although this trend has slowed over recent years. It still remains significantly higher than England (71.7) (2016-18).
  • At a district level, for all persons, Burnley (99.8), Hyndburn (97.7), Preston (93.3), Pendle (92.0) and Wyre (86.0) are all significantly higher than England (71.7). The other seven Lancashire-12 districts are similar to England, with South Ribble (67.1) having the lowest rate. Blackpool (122.7) and Blackburn with Darwen (102.9) are also significantly higher (2016-18).
  • For males only, the rate of premature mortality from all CVD in Lancashire-12 (111.6), is significantly higher than England (100.4). At a district level, Preston (136.6), Burnley (136.2), Hyndburn (130.1), Pendle (125.1) and Wyre (119.8) are significantly higher compared to England; the other seven districts are similar. Blackpool (169.4) and Blackburn with Darwen (139.9) are also significantly higher (2016-18).
  • For females, the rate of premature mortality from all CVD in Lancashire-12 (52.4), is significantly higher than England (44.4). At a district level Hyndburn (66.6), Burnley (64.5) and Pendle (59.6) are significantly higher, with the other districts being similar. Blackpool (76.5) and Blackburn with Darwen (66.3) are also significantly higher (2016-18).

The National Cardiovascular Intelligence Network (NCVIN) has produced CCG profiles for cardiovascular disease, related diseases and risk factors, and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has some guidance on the prevention of cardiovascular disease.

For county, unitary and CCG data and further information please see below. Please note, not all indicators will be displayed at this current geographical level. To select the CCG indicators, click on the down arrow next to 'area type' and choose 'CCG (2018/19)'. To select the districts, choose 'Districts & UA (pre 4/19)'. 

Page updated December 2019