Armed forces and support personnel
The following results have been obtained from the Ministry of Defence (MOD), annual location statistics report for 1st April 2020. The report presents information on the stationed location of all UK regular service and civilian personnel by local authority area.
Military forces in the Lancashire-12 area
According to the Ministry of Defence figures, Fylde and Preston districts are the only two authorities in the county where military forces are stationed permanently. The Preston Hive covers Weeton Barracks in Fylde, Fulwood Barracks in Preston and Warton in Fylde. Entries for Chorley, Lancaster, Ribble Valley, Wyre and Blackburn with Darwen (unitary authority) also appear in the MoD statistics, but no figures are given for the latest period. Dating back to April 2012 all of the results for Wyre are denoted as zero while numbers under 5 are shown for April 2012 and 2013 at Ribble Valley. The latter two counts are in the 'RAF Other Ranks' category. 635 Volunteer Gliding Squadron of the RAF was based at Samlesbury Aerodrome until 2009. Chorley, Lancaster and Blackburn with Darwen all have counts of under 5 in the latest period and these are all in Army categories. Those in Lancaster are most likely based occasionally at Halton Training Camp.
The Lancashire-12 area, with 730 military forces staff, has 39.7% of the modest North West total of 1,840. The Lancashire-12 figure has fallen by around 90 since the previous year, and by 330 since 2013
Fulwood Barracks is the base for 3 Medical Regiment. It was from 1982 to 2017 the home of the 42nd Infantry Brigade. The nearby Kimberley Barracks in Preston and Weeton Barracks in Fylde are used by the 4th and 2nd Battalions respectively of the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. Just 20 out of the Fylde total of 290 are 'RAF other ranks' and these would be employed at Warton Aerodrome. In November 2016 it was announced that Fulwood Barracks would close in 2022 but in March 2019 this was put back to 2027.
Table 1: UK military forces stationed in the Lancashire-12 area, 1st April 2020
Source: Ministry of Defence - Figures are rounded to the nearest 10. A more detailed table is available as a Microsoft Excel download below.
Ministry of Defence civilian personnel in the Lancashire-12 area
Wyre (350) has the largest number of Ministry of Defence (MOD) civilian personnel in Lancashire, while there are 110 in the Preston City area. Over the last year the figure for the Lancashire-12 area has decreased by 10. Because of the rounding of the figures, this does not amount to a significant change. The total of MOD civilian personnel for the North West has also not changed significantly from 2019. There are fewer than 5 Ministry of Defence (MOD) civilian personnel located in each of the two unitary authorities of Blackburn with Darwen and Blackpool. Please note that civilian staff are also included in the total for Civil Service Employees.
Table 2: Ministry of Defence civilian personnel stationed in the Lancashire-12 area, 1st April 2020
Source: Ministry of Defence - Figures are rounded to the nearest 10. A dash (---) denotes zero. A more detailed table is available as a Microsoft Excel download below.
The distinction between peacetime rôles of respective military and civilian personnel may become blurred, for instance at establishments such as Halton Training Camp.
Members of the armed forces and veterans resident in Lancashire
A different measure of armed forced personnel numbers in the Lancashire area was provided by the 2011 census. The census table QS121EW has details of members of the armed forces as residents of households or communal establishments on census day (27 March 2011). The results show that the 14-authority Lancashire area had 2,214 residents that stated they were employed by the armed forces, which is just 1.4% of the total for England. The census also revealed that 2.8% of the total population of England was resident in the 14-authority Lancashire area therefore the results confirm the under-representation of armed forces personnel in Lancashire.
The GOV.UK website includes veteran location statistics that detail armed forces pension and compensation recipients by local authority. In the year to 31st March 2020, the total number of individuals in receipt of either a pension or compensation under the Armed Forces Pension Scheme, War Pension Scheme or Armed Forces Compensation Scheme was 9,067 in the 14-authority Lancashire area. Over a third of the Lancashire total (3,285) were resident in the neighbouring authorities of Wyre, Blackpool and Fylde.
Local support for the armed forces
The Royal British Legion has various branches throughout the county.
Lancashire is home to a central government Veterans UK site at Norcross, on the outskirts of Thornton Cleveleys.
The armed forces covenant sets out the relationship between the nation, the state and the armed forces. Lancashire County Council announced in November 2013 that it had approved its armed forces covenant.
The county council has implemented a scheme to recruit local ex-service personnel to become part of the mentoring in schools programme.
A corporate covenant is a voluntary pledge from businesses and charitable organisations who wish to demonstrate their support for the armed forces community. The list includes a number of local and national organisations. These include British Aerospace and Rolls Royce that have an important presence in Lancashire as part of the local aerospace industry. United Utilities is also on the list and has a major presence in the Lancashire-14 area.
MOD defence training estate sites in the Lancashire-14 area
The land owned by the Ministry of Defence for the purpose of training the armed forces is known as the Defence Training Estate (DTE). The website has an information leaflet for the North West that mentions two sites that cover parts of Lancashire. The Holcombe Moor Training Area is an all-year-round general purpose facility used by the Territorial Army, Cadets and the regular army. The main part of the site is outside the county, but the 303 hectares of freehold land include a section in Rossendale district. There are five public rights of way that cross the site, and it forms an integral part of the West Pennine Moors. Public access is of course restricted to periods when there is no live firing.
Halton Training Camp in Lancaster district is a 19 hectare site with barrack accommodation and a small wood running parallel along the north bank of the River Lune. It is all-year- round, general-purpose training camp with the emphasis on TA and Cadet training at weekends and mid-week as a base for regular army units undergoing adventurous training.
The negative impacts of military service
In total, 17% of male service personnel in the study had a criminal record. Whilst overall lifetime offending (all offences from theft to assault) in the military were said to be lower than in the general population, lifetime violent offending (ranging from threats of violence to serious physical assault or worse) was more common among military men (11% vs 8.7%).
In May 2014, a quick local assessment was made of detected offences records covering the 14-authority Lancashire area. For the 2013/14 financial year, less than 0.3% of all detected offences were committed by people who showed their employment status as being with the armed forces. It is however not possible to distinguish any detected offences by former members.
Museums, cemeteries and memorials
The King's Own Royal Regiment Museum is in central Lancaster, and tells the history of the Regiment from 1660s to the 1960s. Westfield Memorial Village is an example of a housing development that was completed after the First World War for service personnel. The estate is close to Lancaster railway station and is opposite the football ground. Over the years, some of the houses have been sold to the general public, but a number of ex-service personnel are still resident at the site.
The Lancashire Infantry Museum is located at Fulwood Barracks, Preston, and is said to be the largest regimental archive, and the premier centre for historical military research in Northern England. It is intended that the museum will remain open when the barracks itself closes in 2027.
The regimental charity of the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border) provides welfare and benevolence support to serving and retired members.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission cares for cemeteries and memorials at 23,000 locations, in 153 countries. The 'find a cemetery option' allows for sites to be searched by county in the UK. Choosing the Lancashire option generates a list of over 500 sites. The list covers the historic Lancashire region that is much larger than the 14-authority Lancashire area.
The War Memorials Trust is the charity that works for the protection and conservation of war memorials across the UK. The website has information on war memorials in parts of Lancashire. The site also has the search grants showcase facility, which is a database of grants for war memorial repair and conservation projects. The search facility allows a list of grants to be viewed for the Lancashire area. There is also the UK War Memorials website.
Victoria cross commemorative paving stones
In 2013, the government announced the proposal for commemorative paving stones to be laid in the birth places of Victoria Cross recipients from the First World War. The list includes 11 men born within the present local authority boundaries of Blackburn with Darwen, Burnley, Chorley, Hyndburn, Lancaster, Preston and South Ribble.
The North West Reserve Forces & Cadets Association promotes the Volunteer Reserve Forces of all three Armed Services through liaison with local authorities, employers, trade unions, the media and other influential groups.
Page updated February 2021
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