The 2018 strategic assessment states: Crime has been increasing in recent years, with a 30% increase from 2015/16 to 2017/18. The peak crime categories include assault with injury, assault without injury, criminal damage, other theft and shoplifting. These categories account for over half of all volume of crime.
When looking at crime in a different perspective – harm – and using the ONS Crime Severity Tool, these volume crimes account for 20% of harm across the county. Using the ONS Crime Severity Tool to look at the most harmful crime categories, gives a different picture to that mentioned above. The most harmful crime types include residential and commercial burglary, assaults, wounding, rape, robbery and sexual activity involving a child. These crimes account for 25% of the volume, but 68% of harm. Investigations into the most harmful crimes are also the most resource intensive, not just for the police, but for partners as well. The score for each partnership can be seen on page 3 of the community safety dashboard.
As part of the strategic process a Living in Lancashire survey was conducted, sending out 2,916 questionnaires to residents across Lancashire. There was a 68% (1,991) response rate with all community safety, crime and policing questions answered by respondents. Analysis of the results found the following highlights:
Crime in England and Wales 2018/19
The Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) for 12 months ending March 2019 shows a stable picture for all crime across the Country. However, this hides variation in individual crime types, with continued rises in some types of theft and fraud and falls in computer misuse. There were also increases in some of the less frequently occurring but higher-harm types of violence, including offences involving knives and sharp instruments.
Latest full year figures from the Home Office for 2018/19 on police recorded crime show that there were 165,368 crimes (excluding fraud) in the Lancashire-14 area. This represents a 30% increase (38,340 more crimes) in the Lancashire-14 area compared with 2017/18. This is significantly higher than the England and Wales increase of 8% and the second highest increase across all the police forces. Lancashire now has the 5th highest rate per thousand population of crime in England and Wales. Violence against the person increased by 53% (+63,324 crimes), driven by a 120% increase in stalking and harassment. This is likely to be due to improvements in recording these crimes. Data for Community Safety Partnerships areas has not been published for Lancashire Constabulary.
Please note, there have been changes both in categories recorded and in recording practice which have significantly impacted the figures. The crime data integrity re-inspection 2019 judged that Lancashire Constabulary has significantly improved its crime-recording arrangements since the 2017 inspection and is therefore recording more crime. Lancashire Constabulary moved to a new crime recording system in November 2018.
A dashboard detailing the recorded crime data is available to view on the dashboard page.
See further analysis download below.
Page updated August 2019