Universal Credit

The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) publish experimental monthly Universal Credit statistics by local authority boundary.

The experimental designation is in place owing to the Universal Credit system still being rolled out across the country. Caution should therefore be applied when analysing and interpreting the data. The bulk of the transition to Universal Credit is currently estimated to be completed by 2022.

As from the April 2017 data release, the provisional Universal Credit figures have no longer been analysed by Business Intelligence. However, these, and the revised data in this analysis, can be sourced from the DWP's Stat-Xplore online data selection tool.  

Key findings for the Lancashire-14 area

Universal Credit total persons and rates, June 2018 (revised)

In June 2018, the total number of persons on Universal Credit in Great Britain was 982,051 (revised). Of these, 620,980 persons (63.2%) were 'Not in employment' and 361,071 people (36.8%) were 'In employment'. The total was up by 61,347 (6.7%) on the previous month and up by 448,556 persons (84.1%) over the previous year.

The total number of persons on Universal Credit in the Lancashire-14 area was 33,501 in June 2018. Of these, 20,921 persons (62.4%) were 'Not in employment' and the remaining 12,566 people (37.5%) were 'In employment'. The total was up by 1,264 persons (3.9%) on the previous month and up by 10,070 (43.0%) over the previous year.

For the Lancashire-12 area, a total of 25,390 persons were on Universal Credit. Of these, 15,687 persons (61.8%) were 'Not in employment' and 9,688 people (38.2%) were 'In employment'. The total was up by 759 persons (3.1%) on the previous month and up by 7,977 (45.8%) over the previous year.

Lancaster had the largest total number of persons on Universal Credit (7,300) within the Lancashire-14 area in June 2018 (revised), followed by Burnley (5,230), Blackburn with Darwen (4,445), Blackpool (3,666), West Lancashire (2,767), Hyndburn (2,610) and Preston (1,854). Ribble Valley (306) had the lowest number of persons on Universal Credit in the area.

The GB rate for the total number of persons on Universal Credit as a percentage of persons aged 16 to 64 years was 2.4% in June 2018. Rates for the Lancashire-14 area (3.7%) and Lancashire-12 area (3.4%) were greater than the GB rate.

Six of the Lancashire-14 authorities had rates that were above the GB average. Burnley (9.8%), Lancaster (8.1%), Hyndburn (5.3%) and Blackburn with Darwen (4.8%) had the highest rates. Eight of the Lancashire-14 authorities had rates that were below the GB average, ranging from 2.0% in Preston to 0.9% in Ribble Valley.

Universal Credit full service provision rollout

Lancaster became a Universal Credit full service area in July 2016. This means that persons can process claims online, rather than via the phone. More complex claims are also processed. The result has been an acceleration in the number of persons claiming Universal Credit in Lancaster, which has increased more than fivefold since July 2016 (up by 5,816 persons, 452.3%). Lancaster also had a number of substantial upward revisions over the summer months of 2016. A further impact in Lancaster has been the accelerated reduction in claimants of Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) since July 2016. Other benefits that are being replaced by Universal Credit may also be similarly affected.

Burnley became a Universal Credit full service area in May 2017, West Lancashire in December 2017, and Blackburn with Darwen and Hyndburn in February 2018. Preston and South Ribble became Universal Credit full service areas in March 2018 and Chorley in April 2018. Pendle, Ribble Valley and Rossendale all became Universal Credit full service areas in July 2018.

The total number of persons on Universal Credit in Burnley has increased by 3,533 people (208.2%) since May 2017, from 1,697 persons to 5,230 persons, more than tripling. The next greatest percentage rise in total numbers in the Lancashire-14 area was in Blackburn with Darwen (99.7%, +2,219 persons), followed by Hyndburn (93.2%, +1,259 persons) and West Lancashire (84.5%, +1,267 persons) since May 2017 (GB = 89.0%). A similar impact on Universal Credit numbers to that experienced in Lancaster and Burnley is expected to be seen in the other Lancashire-14 areas that have become Universal Credit full service areas. 

The Universal Credit full service rollout schedule for each of the Lancashire-14 authorities is provided below in the background information document (section 1.3).

 

Monthly Change

Six of the Lancashire-14 authorities recorded monthly increases to the total number of people on Universal Credit. Totals rose the most in Blackburn with Darwen (607 persons, 15.8%), followed by Hyndburn (313 persons, 13.6%), Burnley (253 persons, 5.1%), Lancaster (198 persons, 2.8%) and West Lancashire (182 persons, 7.0%). These five areas are Universal Credit full service areas. Ribble Valley was the sixth area to see a monthly increase, rising by 6 persons (2.0%).

Eight of the Lancashire-14 authorities recorded reductions to the total number of people on Universal Credit over the month. Totals fell by the largest amounts in Blackpool (-102 persons, -2.7%), Preston (-58 people, -3.0%), Chorley (-34 people, -3.2%) and Wyre (-30 persons, -2.9%) over the month.

Blackburn with Darwen (15.8%), Hyndburn (13.6%), West Lancashire (7.0%) and Burnley (5.1%) recorded the largest monthly percentage increases in the total number of persons on Universal Credit in the Lancashire-14 area, whilst Chorley (-3.2%), Preston (-3.0%), Wyre (-2.9%) and Blackpool (-2.7%) saw the greatest percentage decreases.

The GB rate for the total number of persons on Universal Credit rose by 0.1 percentage point over the month to 2.4%. The Lancashire-12 rate also increased by 0.1 percentage point to 3.4%. The rate for the Lancashire-14 area rose by a marginally greater 0.2 percentage points over the month to 3.7%.

Within the Lancashire-14 area, six areas recorded increases to their total Universal Credit rates over the month. Blackburn with Darwen's rate rose the most, increasing by 0.7 percentage points to 4.8% in June 2018, followed by increases in Hyndburn (+0.6 percentage points), Burnley (+0.5 percentage points), West Lancashire (+0.3 percentage points), Lancaster (+0.2 percentage points) and Ribble Valley (+0.1 percentage point).

Five of the Lancashire-14 areas (Blackpool, Chorley, Preston, Rossendale and Fylde) saw reductions to their total Universal Credit rates over the month, each falling by 0.1 percentage point. Rates for the remaining three Lancahire-14 areas were unchanged over the last month.

Yearly change

Six of the Lancashire-14 authorities recorded yearly increases to the total number of persons on Universal Credit. Burnley's total rose by the greatest extent (3,409 people, 187.2%) in the Lancashire-14 area, increasing from 1,821 to 5,230 persons, not far off tripling. The total for Lancaster saw the next largest yearly increase (2,558 persons, 53.9%), rising from 4,742 persons to 7,300 persons. Blackburn with Darwen (2,205, 98.4%), West Lancashire (1,256 people, 83.1%) and Hyndburn (1,245 persons, 91.2%) were next in the rankings for yearly increases. Ribble Valley (58 people, 23.4%) saw the smallest yearly increase.

Of the eight Lancashire-14 areas that saw reductions in the total number of persons on Universal Credit over the year, Wyre (-145 persons, -12.8%) recorded the largest fall, followed by South Ribble (-139 persons, -13.9%), Blackpool (-112 persons, -3.0%), Preston (-91 persons, -4.7%) and Fylde (-63 people, -9.4%).

The GB rate for the total number of persons on Universal Credit rose by 1.1 percentage points over the year, from 1.3% to 2.4%.

Owing to the earlier roll out of Universal Credit in the North West, local rates will have tended to be greater in June 2017 in most instances. The Lancashire-14 area saw the rate for the total number of persons on Universal Credit also rise by 1.1 percentage points, from 2.6% to 3.7% over the year. The Lancashire-12 area recorded a marginally lower yearly rate increase of 1.0 percentage point, rising from 2.4% to 3.4%.

Within the Lancashire-14 area, Burnley recorded the largest yearly rise in the rate for the total number of persons on Universal Credit, increasing by 6.4 percentage points, to 9.8% in June 2018. Lancaster (+2.8 percentage points), Hyndburn (+2.5 percentage points), Blackburn with Darwen (+2.4 percentage points) and West Lancashire (+1.8 percentage points) also saw their rates rise by more than the GB yearly increase of 1.1 percentage points. All of these are areas where Universal Credit full service has been rolled out. Ribble Valley saw its total rate increase by +0.2 percentage points over the year.

Wyre, South Ribble and Fylde saw their rates fall by -0.2 percentage points over the year, whilst Blackpool, Preston, Chorley, Rossendale and Pendle each saw their rates fall by -0.1 percentage point.

Table 1: Total number of persons on Universal Credit and rates (% of persons aged 16 to 64), June 2018 (revised), and monthly and yearly changes.  

Table 2: 'Not in employment' Universal Credit figures.  

Table 3: 'In employment' Universal Credit figures.

 

Note: Rates are for persons aged 16 to 64, calculated by Business Intelligence, Lancashire County Council, using 2017 Mid-year population estimates (as revised on 22 March 2018). Numbers for the Lancashire-12 and Lancashire-14 areas have been calculated by summing the relevant local authority figures. This month the Lancashire-12 data was not available via the DWP Stat-Xplore web site.   

Source: DWP via Stat-Xplore, People on Universal Credit and Office for National Statistics - 2016 Mid-year population estimates (22 March 2018 revisions).

New interactive table functionality - click on the column headings to rank the data in that column. Click on the ID column heading to reset the table. Scroll across for more columns. Scroll up and down if required. Click on the diagonal double-ended arrow at the bottom right of the above table to enter full screen mode. Click the arrows next to the '1 to 3' label at the bottom of the table to move through tables 1, 2 and 3. 

 

'Not in employment' Universal Credit category

The number of persons within the GB 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category was 620,980 in June 2018 (63.2% of the total). The figure was up by 37,702 (6.5%) on the previous month and up by 291,936 persons (88.7%) over the previous year.

The Lancashire-14 number of persons within the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category was 20,921 persons in June 2018 (62.4% of the total). This figure was up by 763 (3.8%) on the previous month and up by 6,348 persons (43.6%) over the previous year.

For the Lancashire-12 area, the number of persons within the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category was 15,687 persons in June 2018 (61.8% of the total). This figure was up by 456 (3.0%) on the previous month and up by 4,932 persons (45.9%) over the previous year.

Within the Lancashire-14 area, Lancaster (4,291), Burnley (3,334), Blackburn with Darwen (3,000) and Blackpool (2,234) had the greatest number of persons in this category.

The GB rate for the number of persons in the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category was 1.5% in June 2018. Rates for the Lancashire-14 area (2.3%) and the Lancashire-12 area (2.1%) were greater than the GB rate.

Six of the Lancashire-14 authorities had rates that were above the GB average for this category, with Burnley (6.2%), Lancaster (4.8%) and Hyndburn (3.6%) having the highest rates in the area.

Monthly change

Six of the Lancashire-14 authorities recorded monthly increases to the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit numbers. The largest of these was seen in Blackburn with Darwen (420 persons, 16.3%), followed by Hyndburn (260 persons, 17.3%), Burnley (124 persons, 3.9%), Lancaster (112 persons, 2.7%), West Lancashire (92 persons, 5.5%) and Ribble Valley (10 people, 6.6%). Three of these recorded monthly percentage increases that were greater than the GB rise (6.5%).

Eight of the Lancashire-14 authorities saw reductions to their 'Not in employment' Universal Credit numbers over the month. Numbers fell the most in Blackpool (113 persons, 4.8%), followed by Preston (35 persons, 2.9%), South Ribble (28 people, 5.3%) and Chorley (28 people, 4.4%).

The GB rate for the number of persons in the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category rose over the month by 0.1 percentage point to 1.5% at June 2018. The Lancashire-14 rate for this category also rose by 0.1 percentage point, rising to 2.3%. The Lancashire-12 rate was unchanged at 2.1% for this category.

Six of the Lancashire-14 areas recorded monthly rate rises for the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category. The rate for Hyndburn increased the most, rising by 0.5 percentage points, to 3.6%, followed by Blackburn with Darwen (+0.4 percentage points), Burnley (+0.2 percentage points), Lancaster (+0.2 percentage points), West Lancashire (+0.1 percentage point) and Ribble Valley (+0.1 percentage point). 

Blackpool, South Ribble, Rossendale and Chorley recorded monthly rate reductions for the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category, each decreasing by 0.1 percentage point. The rates for the remaining four Lancashire-14 authorities were unchanged over the month for this category.

Yearly change

Seven of the Lancashire-14 authorities recorded increases to the number of persons within the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category over the year. Burnley (2,097 persons, 169.5%) saw numbers rise by the greatest extent for this category in the Lancashire-14 area, more than doubling over the year from 1,237 people to 3,334 persons. Blackburn with Darwen (1,558 persons, 108.0%) saw the second largest increase, again more than doubling, with numbers rising from 1,442 people to 3,000 persons. Lancaster (1,483 people, 52.8%), West Lancashire (868 persons, 94.6%) and Hyndburn (852 people, 93.3%) saw the next largest increases. The last two of these areas almost doubled the numbers in this category over the year. All of these are areas where Universal Credit full service has been rolled out.

Seven of the Lancashire-14 authorities saw reductions to the number of persons in the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category over the year. Wyre (-145 people, -20.3%) recorded the biggest yearly fall, followed by Blackpool (-142 persons, -6.0%), South Ribble (-97 people, -16.2%) and Preston (-52 people, -4.2%).

The 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category accounted for 63.0% (6,348 persons) of the total yearly increase in persons on Universal Credit (10,070 people) in the Lancashire-14 area (GB = 65.1%).

The GB rate for the number of persons in the 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category rose by 0.7 percentage points over the year, from 0.8% to 1.5%. Similarly, the Lancashire-14 area also saw the rate for this category rise by 0.7 percentage points over the year, to 2.3%. The Lancashire-12 area recorded a marginally lower yearly rate rise of 0.6 percentage points, increasing to 2.1%.

Six of the Lancashire-14 authorities saw their 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category rates rise over the year. Burnley recorded the largest yearly rate rise for this category in the Lancashire-14 area, increasing by 3.9 percentage points, to 6.2%. Hyndburn (1.7 percentage points), Lancaster (1.7 percentage points), Blackburn with Darwen (1.6 percentage points) and West Lancashire (1.2 percentage point) also saw their rates rise by more than the GB yearly average increase (0.7 percentage points) over the year. The rate for Ribble Valley for this category rose by 0.1 percentage point over the year.

Five of the Lancashire-14 authorities saw their 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category rates fall over the year. The rates for Wyre, South Ribble and Blackpool each decreased by 0.2 percentage points, whilst the rates for Rossendale and Chorley each reduced by 0.1 percentage point.

Three of the Lancashire-14 areas saw no change to their 'Not in employment' Universal Credit category rates on the previous year.

'In employment' Universal Credit category

The number of persons within the GB 'In employment' Universal Credit category was 361,071 in June 2018 (36.8% of the total). The figure was up by 23,644 (7.0%) on the previous month and up by 156,616 persons (76.6%) over the previous year.

The Lancashire-14 number of persons within the 'In employment' Universal Credit category was 12,566 persons in June 2018 (37.5% of the total). This figure had risen by 474 persons (3.9%) over the previous month and by 3,717 persons (42.0%) over the previous year.

For the Lancashire-12 area, the number of persons within the 'In employment' Universal Credit category was 9,688 persons in June 2018 (38.2% of the total). This figure had increased by 282 people (3.0%) on the previous month and had risen by 3,036 persons (45.6%) over the previous year.

Within the Lancashire-14 area, Lancaster (3,008), Burnley (1,894), Blackburn with Darwen (1,448), Blackpool (1,430), West Lancashire (998) and Hyndburn (843) had the largest number of persons in this category. All of these are areas where Universal Credit full service has been rolled out. Ribble Valley (141 persons) had the lowest total for this category in the area.

The GB rate for persons within the 'In employment' Universal Credit category was 0.9% in June 2018. The rates for the Lancashire-14 area (1.4%) and Lancashire-12 area (1.3%) were above the GB rate.

Six of the Lancashire-14 authorities had rates that were greater than the GB average (0.9%) with Burnley (3.6%) and Lancaster (3.3%) having the highest rates in the area for this category. Blackpool (1.7%), Hyndburn (1.7%), Blackburn with Darwen (1.6%) and West Lancashire (1.4%) had the next highest rates.

Eight of the Lancashire-14 authorities had rates that were lower than the GB average (0.9%) with South Ribble (0.5%) and Ribble Valley (0.4%) having the lowest rates for this category in the Lancashire-14 area.

Monthly change

The number of persons within the GB 'In employment' Universal Credit category had increased by 23,644 (7.0%) on the previous month, rising to 361,071 persons in June 2018.

Between May 2018 and June 2018, eight of the Lancashire-14 authorities recorded monthly increases to their 'In employment' Universal Credit category totals. Blackburn with Darwen (186 people, 14.7%), Burnley (124 people, 7.0%), West Lancashire (91 people, 10.0%), Lancaster (83 people, 2.8%) and Hyndburn (51 persons, 6.4%) recorded the largest monthly increases in the area. All of these are areas where Universal Credit full service has been rolled out.

The percentage increases for two of these areas were greater than the GB monthly rise of 7.0%.

Six of the Lancashire-14 authorities saw reductions to the number of persons within the 'In employment' Universal Credit category over the month. Preston (-27 persons, -3.9%) recorded the largest monthly fall, followed by Wyre (-16 persons, -3.7%) and Chorley (-14 persons, -3.3%).

The GB rate for the number of persons within the 'In employment' Universal Credit category was rose by 0.1 percentage point over the previous month, rising to 0.9%. Similarly, for the Lancashire-14 area, the rate also increased to 1.4% over the month. The rate for the Lancashire-12 area however, was unchanged over the month, remaining at 1.3%.

Five Lancashire-14 authorities recorded monthly rate rises for the 'In employment' Universal Credit category. The rate for Burnley increased by the largest extent over the month, rising by 0.3 percentage points, to 3.6%. The rate for Blackburn with Darwen rose by 0.2 percentage points, rising to 1.6%. The rates for Lancaster, Hyndburn and West Lancashire each rose by 0.1 percentage point, rising to 3.3%, 1.7% and 1.4%, respectively. All of these are areas where Universal Credit full service has been rolled out.

The rates for the remaining nine Lancashire-14 authorities were unchanged over the month.

Yearly change

The GB 'In employment' Universal Credit category rose by 156,616 persons (76.6%) over the previous year to 361,071 in June 2018.

Eight of the Lancashire-14 authorities saw an increase to the number of persons within the 'In employment' Universal Credit category over the year. The total rose by the greatest amount in Burnley (+1,313 persons, +226.0%), more than tripling, increasing from 581 people to 1,894 persons. The second largest rise was in Lancaster (+1,074 persons, +55.5%). Blackburn with Darwen (652 persons, 81.9%), Hyndburn (389 persons, 85.7%) and West Lancashire (386 persons, 63.1%) recorded the next biggest increases. Rossendale (1 persons, 0.3%) saw the lowest yearly rise for this category.

Six of the Lancashire-14 authorities saw reductions to the number of persons within the 'In employment' Universal Credit category over the year. South Ribble (-41 people, -10.3%), Preston (-39 persons, -5.5%) and Fylde (-32 people, -11.0%) recorded the largest falls.

The GB rate for the number of persons within the 'In employment' Universal Credit category rose by 0.4 percentage points, to 0.9% over the year. The Lancashire-14 area also saw the rate for the number of persons within the 'In employment' Universal Credit category rise by 0.4 percentage points over the year, to 1.4%. The Lancashire-12 area also recorded an increase of 0.4 percentage points, rising to 1.3%.

Seven of the Lancashire-14 areas recorded increases to their 'In employment' Universal Credit category rates over the year. Locally, Burnley recorded the largest yearly rise in the rate for this category, increasing by 2.5 percentage points, to 3.6%. Lancaster (+1.2 percentage points), Hyndburn (+0.8 percentage points), Blackburn with Darwen (+0.7 percentage points) and West Lancashire (+0.5 percentage points) also saw their rates rise by more than the GB average (0.4 percentage points). These five Lancashire-14 areas are where Universal Credit full service has been rolled out. Blackpool and Ribble Valley each saw their rates rise by 0.1 percentage point over the year for this category.

South Ribble and Preston were the only Lancashire-14 areas to see falls to their 'In employment' Universal Credit category rates over the year, each decreasing by 0.1 percentage point.

For the remaining five Lancashire-14 areas, the 'In employment' Universal Credit category rates were the same in June 2018 as they were in June 2017.

Data and background information

People on Universal Credit, June 2018 data (revised), plus monthly and yearly changes (XLSX 26 KB)

Persons on Universal Credit, background information PDF document (PDF 898 KB)

Page updated 17 August 2018