Indices of deprivation 2015
The Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) released the 2015 English Indices of Deprivation on 30th September 2015, and the figures were published down to the lower layer super output area level.
The DCLG published a consultation response document that highlights the changes to be implemented with the new indices. These include two new indicators: claimants of carer's allowance and English language proficiency. The housing affordability indicator was enhanced as part of the 2015 IMD results.
Headline results, Lancashire local authorities
The Lancashire-12 area is ranked 87, out of 152 upper tier local authorities which puts the county in the middle ground (3rd quintile, 57%), where one is the most deprived. The lowest ranking for the domains is 46 for health and disability and highest is 136 for barriers to housing and services. This hasn't changed significantly from the 2010 IMD.
Burnley is the most deprived district within the Lancashire-12 area, with a rank of average rank of 17, where one is the most deprived and 326 is the least. Hyndburn (28th) and Pendle (42nd) are also in the top 20% most deprived authority areas in the country. Ribble Valley (290th) is the only district within the top 20% least deprived authority areas in the country. Health deprivation and disability is an area in which the county does particularly poorly. Burnley is ranked six and Hyndburn seventh most deprived on this indicator.
Of the two Lancashire unitary authorities, Blackpool recorded a notably low position of fourth place on the rank of average rank, whilst Blackburn with Darwen was in 24th position.
The 2015 figures reveal that seven local authorities in the Lancashire-14 area; Blackpool, Burnley, Blackburn with Darwen, Hyndburn, Pendle, Lancaster and Preston; had at least one of their eight local authority deprivation summary measures ranked in the 50 most deprived positions. This was up from six authorities in the previous 2010 indices. Lancaster became the seventh owing to a relative deterioration of its local concentration ranking.
Between 2010 and 2015, the indices of deprivation results indicate a continuing trend of growing disparities between the most and least deprived areas of the county. There have also been, however, a mixture of favourable and less favourable results in Lancashire.
Blackpool, Burnley, Blackburn with Darwen and Hyndburn each had six of their eight local authority summary measures ranked in the 50 most deprived positions within England. Pendle had three, and Lancaster and Preston each had one. Preston, which has improved in six of its relative deprivation rankings, remained as one of the most deprived 50 local authorities, owing to its extent of deprivation ranking (46th).
Blackpool had the most deprived rankings in the Lancashire-14 area for all eight of the local authority summary measures. The authority also had the top most deprived rankings (1st in England) for the rank of average score measure and the rank of local concentration measure. This latter measure identifies 'hot spots' of very high levels of deprivation.
Only Ribble Valley and South Ribble had rankings that fell wholly within the least deprived 50% of local authorities.
The six authorities of Blackpool (12), Blackburn with Darwen (13), Burnley (16), Hyndburn (24), Pendle (31) and Preston (46) all had rankings within the 50 most deprived positions on the extent of deprivation measure.
Besides Preston recording relative improvement to six of its local authority summary measure rankings, Pendle, South Ribble, Chorley, West Lancashire and Rossendale also recorded some notable improvements to the majority, or some of their respective local authority domain rankings, in relative terms, compared to other local authorities.
By contrast, Wyre, Lancaster and Fylde districts have all recorded some marked deterioration to at least three of their respective local authority domain rankings, in relative terms, but notably, the rank of local concentration measure
941 lower level super output areas (LSOAs) in the Lancashire-14 area
For the Lancashire-14 area, the proportion of LSOAs falling into the most deprived 10% in the country increased from 146 (15.5%) in 2007 to 164 (17.4%) in 2010. In 2015, the number was 162 (17.2%). The percentage of Lancashire LSOAs in the least deprived 10% in contrast, rose from 38 (4.0%) in 2007 to 51 (5.4%) in 2010. By 2015, it increased once more to 53 (6.0%). The evidence therefore suggests an issue of growing disparities in the county.
In 2015, there were 32,844 LSOAs in England and the Lancashire-14 area had 31 (3.3%) of its LSOAs in the top 1% for deprivation. These included a substantial 19 neighbourhoods in Blackpool, four in Burnley, three in Blackburn with Darwen, three in Lancaster, and one each in West Lancashire and Wyre. In contrast, there were two LSOAs in the Ribble Valley, and one in South Ribble district that were in the top 1% least deprived LSOAs in England.
295 wards in the Lancashire-14 area
The Department for Communities and Local Government did not publish ward level figures. They stated that lower-layer super output area results are a more suitable small area geography than wards for measuring relative deprivation. The department however, were sympathetic to those who wish to calculate estimates for wards, and produced guidance on aggregating data to the ward level. Here at Lancashire County Council, we followed the official guidance and published the ward-level 2015 indices of deprivation results for the Lancashire-14 area in October 2015. Please see the ward IMD results link in the atlases section on the top-right of this web page. The 2015 ward boundaries have been used to produce the IMD results, and these give values for 295 wards in the Lancashire-14 area. There were 7,632 wards covering the whole of England.
In the Lancashire-14 area, 61 (20.7%) of the 295 wards were in the most deprived 10% in England, whilst 20 (6.8%) were in the least deprived 10%. Of the 61 most deprived wards, Bloomfield and Claremont in central Blackpool had the first and second lowest IMD ranks out of the 7.632 wards in England. The lowest ranked ward in the Lancashire-12 area was Trinity in Burnley which was in 40th position. The highest ranked ward in Lancashire was Howick and Priory ward in South Ribble which was in 7,503rd position.
Eight clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) in the Lancashire-14 area
There are eight clinical commissioning groups in the Lancashire-14 area. Of these, the two NHS areas covering Blackburn with Darwen and Blackpool are in the 20% most deprived in England. The other six CCGs fall into the 40-80% deprived range nationally.
Further analysis and data
Indices of Deprivation Report (PDF 499 KB)
District data (CSV 1 MB, click yes and ok on warning messages)
CCG data (CSV 1 MB, click yes and ok on warning messages)
Ward data (CSV 1 MB, click yes and ok on warning messages)
Page updated October 2015