Lifestyle-related illnesses include conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hepatitis, HIV and liver disease. These place great demand on the health and social care services, by contributing to the growing burden of chronic disease. Such illnesses present public health systems with a difficult challenge due to their multi-factorial nature and strong links to lifestyle factors such as tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, poor diet, a lack of physical activity and having an unhealthy body weight.

Many of the communities and district areas of the Lancashire-12 area perform poorly against the national indicators associated with a poor lifestyles and chronic illness, and also have issues with premature mortality and low life expectancy, two key outcomes associated with an unhealthy lifestyle.

The 2015 health behaviours JSNA (PDF 1.9 MB) examined the extent of health-enabling and health-compromising behaviours in Lancashire-12. Based on a comprehensive lifestyle survey (sent to 67,000 households across Lancashire-12 and Blackpool), and an extensive data analysis exercise and literature review (PDF 786 KB), the JSNA provides a wealth of evidence-based intelligence and recommendations for use by stakeholders and partners. There are also district and clinical commissioning group profiles.

Lifestyle risk factors are strongly linked with deprivation, employment, housing and education and many of these topics were covered in the 2014 health inequalities JSNA. The health inequalities JSNA is being refreshed and the final report is expected in Spring 2020.

Page updated September 2019