Employment overview

Employment estimates and employment structure from the Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES), 2016 (provisional data) and 2015 (revised data)

The Business Register and Employment Survey is the official source of employee and employment estimates by detailed geography and industry. It is administered by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). The survey collects employment information from businesses for each site that they operate, so the data is workplace-based. BRES does not cover very small businesses neither registered for Value Added Tax (VAT) nor Pay As You Earn (PAYE). So for total employment figures, other ONS sources such as workforce jobs (at the regional level) and the Annual Population Survey (for sub-regional estimates) can provide a more complete coverage of total employment, although with less detailed industrial breakdown.

The data analysed below has been downloaded from the BRES open access dataset via the National Online Manpower Information System web site (Nomisweb).  

Provisional estimates of employment, 2016

In 2016, the provisional estimate of employment (employees and working owners) was 645,000 in the Lancashire-14 area and 515,000 in the Lancashire-12 area. 

Within the Lancashire-14 area, Preston (83,000), Blackburn with Darwen (68,000), Blackpool (63,000), Lancaster (60,000) and South Ribble (57,000) had the greatest provisional employment estimates and Rossendale (22,000) had the lowest.   

For Great Britain (GB), the provisional employment estimate (employees and working owners) in 2016 was 30,305,000.

Manufacturing

In terms of wealth creation, the provisional 'balanced' gross value added (GVA) sum derived from the manufacturing sector (£6.143 billion) in the Lancashire-14 area accounted for almost a fifth (19.9%) of the total for the area in 2016, compared to 10.1% for the UK.

Employment in the manufacturing sector also remains greater in percentage terms in the Lancashire-14 area (13.2%, 85,000), and in the Lancashire-12 area (13.6% 70,000) than for Great Britain as a whole (7.9%, 2,401,000).   

Ten of the Lancashire-14 authorities had manufacturing employment percentages that were greater than the GB average (7.9%), ranging from 12.3% (7,000) in South Ribble to 28.1% (9,000) in Pendle. 

Out of 380 local authority areas in Great Britain, Pendle (28.1%, 9,000) and Ribble Valley (27.6% 8,000) had the second and third highest percentages of their employment totals in the manufacturing sector in 2016, behind Copeland (35.3%, 12,000) in Cumbria. Fylde, ranked in 7th place (23.8%, 10,000), Rossendale in 16th position (20.5%, 4,500) and Hyndburn ranked 30th (17.9%, 5,000) were placed in the top 10% of the rankings, whilst Blackburn with Darwen (16.2% 11,000), West Lancashire (16.0%, 8,000) and Burnley (15.4%, 6,000) fell in the top 15%. Wyre (12.5%, 4,000) and South Ribble (12.3%, 7,000) also had manufacturing employment percentages that were greater than the GB average (7.9%). 

Services

Service activities (industry sections G to U) comprised 80.2% (517,000) of total employment in the Lancashire 14 area and 78.8% (406.000) in the Lancashire-12 area in 2016 (GB = 84.5%, 25,622,000).

The three industry sections of J (information and communication), K (financial and insurance activities) and M (professional, scientific and technical activities) contain many high value jobs and are sectors where the Lancashire-14 and Lancashire-12 areas are under-represented. This contributes to the disparity in the economic growth rate locally and the rest of the country. In the Lancashire-14 area, these three service sectors accounted for 10.3% (66,000) of employment and 10.4% (54,000) in the Lancashire-12 area. These figures compare against 16.3% for Great Britain. Within the Lancashire-14 area, only Fylde (19.7%, 8,250) had a percentage of its employment estimate that was greater than GB for these three sectors.

The three largely public sector industry categories of O (public administration and defence; compulsory social security), P (education) and Q (human health and social work activities) accounted for a larger percentage of employment in the Lancashire-14 area (30.2%, 194,000) and the Lancashire-12 area (28.4%, 146,000) than in GB (25.8%, 7,793,000).  

Industry section G (wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles) was the largest individual sector in the Lancashire-12 area in 2016, comprising 16.1% (83,000), or just under a sixth of total employment (GB = 15.2%, 4,605,000). In the Lancashire-14 area, section G accounted for 15.8% (102,000) of total employment, just marginally ahead of the total for section Q (human health and social work activities) with 15.7% (101,000). 

Employment in the accommodation and food service activities sector (I) amounted to 41,000 (8.0%) in the Lancashire-12 area and 53,000 (8.2%) in the Lancashire-14 area in 2016. Many people employed in this sector work in jobs that are associated with tourism, so Blackpool is not surprisingly the authority with the largest number (9,000) and percentage (14.3%) in this sector within the Lancashire-14 area. The sector accounted for £1.05 billion or 3.4% (provisionally) of the 'balanced' GVA total for the Lancashire-14 area in 2016 (GB = 3.0%).

Construction

The construction industry (sector F) had an employment total of 30,000 (5.8%) in the Lancashire-12 area in 2016, and 32,000 (5.0%) in the Lancashire-14 area (GB = 4.7%). The provisional 'balanced' GVA amount derived from the sector in 2016 for the Lancashire-14 area was £1.918 billion or 6.2% (UK = 6.2%).

* Agriculture note

Employment estimates for the agricultural industry classification 01000 are only included at the GB and North West levels in the BRES dataset. The figures for the Lancashire-12 and Lancashire-14 areas, and at the local authority level for industry section A (agriculture, forestry and fishing) therefore only include employment estimates for forestry and fishing. 

Table 1: Employment estimates (employees and working owners) by industry sector, 2016 (provisional)

* Please refer to note on agriculture above table 1. 
2016 (provisional data) Lancashire-12 Lancashire-14 Great Britain
Industry Section Number % of total Number % of total Number % of total
A : Agriculture, forestry and fishing * 1,250 0.2 1,250 0.2 475,000 1.6
B : Mining and quarrying 600 0.1 600 0.1 55,000 0.2
C : Manufacturing 70,000 13.6 85,000 13.2 2,401,000 7.9
D : Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 2,250 0.4 2,250 0.3 126,000 0.4
E : Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 5,000 1.0 5,000 0.8 194,000 0.6
F : Construction 30,000 5.8 32,000 5.0 1,431,000 4.7
G : Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 83,000 16.1 102,000 15.8 4,605,000 15.2
H : Transportation and storage 21,000 4.1 26,000 4.0 1,447,000 4.8
I : Accommodation and food service activities 41,000 8.0 53,000 8.2 2,248,000 7.4
J : Information and communication 11,000 2.1 16,000 2.5 1,247,000 4.1
K : Financial and insurance activities 9,000 1.7 10,000 1.6 1,055,000 3.5
L : Real estate activities 8,000 1.6 9,000 1.4 530,000 1.7
M : Professional, scientific and technical activities 34,000 6.6 40,000 6.2 2,636,000 8.7
N : Administrative and support service activities 36,000 7.0 43,000 6.7 2,652,000 8.8
O : Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 23,000 4.5 32,000 5.0 1,260,000 4.2
P : Education 50,000 9.7 61,000 9.5 2,608,000 8.6
Q : Human health and social work activities 73,000 14.2 101,000 15.7 3,925,000 13.0
R : Arts, entertainment and recreation 9,000 1.7 14,000 2.2 766,000 2.5
S : Other service activities 8,000 1.6 10,000 1.6 643,000 2.1
Total 515,000 100.0 645,000 100.0 30,305,000 100.0

Source: Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES Open Access), 2016 (provisional), via the National On-line Manpower Information System (Nomis).

Yearly change by area

Within Great Britain, the BRES employment total increased by 486,000 (provisionally) or by 1.6% between 2015 and 2016. The BRES employment total for the Lancashire-14 area also rose provisionally by 1.6% (10,000) over the year, but by a slightly lower percentage (1.2%), provisionally, in the Lancashire-12 area (6,000).        

Nine of the Lancashire-14 local authority areas were estimated to have seen provisional growth in their employment numbers between 2015 and 2016. Lancaster (+3,000, +5.3%) and Blackpool (+3,000, +5.0%) saw the greatest increases, followed by West Lancashire (+2,000, 4.2%) and Blackburn with Darwen (+2,000, +3.0%). Ribble Valley (+3.6%), Wyre (+3.2%), Burnley (+2.6%), Chorley (+2.6%) and South Ribble (+1.8%) each saw provisional increases to their respective employment totals of +1,000. All of these nine areas saw provisional percentage increases in their employment totals that were greater than the GB rise of 1.6%.

Rossendale (-2000, -8.3%), Fylde (-1,000, -2.3%) and Preston (-1,000, -1.2%) were provisionally estimated to have seen falls in their employment totals between 2015 and 2016.

The BRES employment numbers for Hyndburn and Pendle, were provisionally estimated to be unchanged between 2015 and 2016. 

Table 2: Changes to employment estimates (employees and working owners) by area 2015 to 2016 (provisional)

* Please refer to note on agriculture above table 1. 
Area Employment numbers 2015 Employment numbers 2016 Change in employment numbers 2015 to 2016 % Change in employment numbers 2015 to 2016
Burnley 38,000 39,000 1,000 2.6
Chorley 39,000 40,000 1,000 2.6
Fylde 43,000 42,000 -1,000 -2.3
Hyndburn 28,000 28,000 0 0.0
Lancaster 57,000 60,000 3,000 5.3
Pendle 32,000 32,000 0 0.0
Preston 84,000 83,000 -1,000 -1.2
Ribble Valley 28,000 29,000 1,000 3.6
Rossendale 24,000 22,000 -2,000 -8.3
South Ribble 56,000 57,000 1,000 1.8
West Lancashire 48,000 50,000 2,000 4.2
Wyre 31,000 32,000 1,000 3.2
Lancashire-12 509,000 515,000 6,000 1.2
Blackburn with Darwen 66,000 68,000 2,000 3.0
Blackpool 60,000 63,000 3,000 5.0
Lancashire-14 635,000 645,000 10,000 1.6
North West 3,263,000 3,338,000 75,000 2.3
England 25,934,000 26,385,000 451,000 1.7
Great Britain 29,819,000 30,305,000 486,000 1.6

Source: Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES Open Access), 2015 (revised) and 2016 (provisional), via the National On-line Manpower Information System (Nomis).

Yearly change by industry sector

Within the Lancashire-14 area, nine of the 19 industry sectors (from A to S) recorded provisional increases in employment numbers between 2015 and 2016, six industry sectors saw provisional decreases and four industry sectors were unchanged. The pattern was replicated for the Lancashire-12 area.

For Great Britain as a whole, 12 of the 19 industry sectors (from A to S) saw provisional growth in employment numbers between 2015 and 2016, and seven sectors recorded provisional reductions. The industry sectors which experienced growth or decline in employment at the GB level differs in some instances to those in the Lancashire-14 and Lancashire-12 areas.

Increases in employment numbers

Sector M: Professional, scientific and technical activities (+6,000, +15%) saw the largest provisional increase in employment in the Lancshire-14 area over the year from 2015 to 2016, followed by sector H: Transportation and storage (+5,000, +19.2%); sector I: Accommodation and food service activities (+4,000, +7.5%); industry sector C: Manufacturing (+4,000, +4.7%); sector P: Education (+3,000, +4.9%); sector K: Financial and insurance activities (+2,000, +20.0%); industry sector Q: Human health and social work activities (+2,000, +2.0%); sector L: Real estate activities (+1,000, +11.1%); and industry sector B: Mining and quarrying (+150, +25.0%). The provisional employment growth in sectors P, L and B in the Lancashire-14 area were contrary to the reductions in employment in these sectors at the GB level over the year. With the exception of sector Q, for the remaining sectors that rose in the Lancashire-14 area, the provisional percentage increases were much greater than the percentage increases at the GB level. This pattern was again replicated for the Lancashire-12 area, although the rise in employment in sector Q (+1.4%) in the Lancashire-12 area was lower than the GB increase (+1.8%).

Reductions in employment numbers

In the Lancashire-14 area, industry sector G: Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (-6,000, -5.9%) saw the greatest provisional reduction in employment over the year from 2015 to 2016, followed by sector S: Other service activities (-4,000, -40.0%); sector F: Construction (-3,000, -9.4%); sector R: Arts, entertainment and recreation (-2,000, -14.3%); sector J: Information and communication (-2,000, -12.5%); and sector O: Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (-1,000, -3.1%). The provisional employment reductions in sectors F, J and R in the Lancashire-14 area were contrary to the growth in employment in these sectors at the GB level over the year. For the remaining three sectors in which employment fell in the Lancashire-14 area over the year, the provisional percentage decreases were greater than the percentage decreases at the GB level. Employment in sector S: Other service activities fell by a notable 40% (-4,000) in the Lancashire-14 area over the year (GB = a fall of -0.5%). This pattern was generally replicated in the Lancashire-12 area, although the fall in employment in sector J: Information and communication (-4,000, -36.4%) in the Lancashire-12 area was much larger than the Lancashire-14 decrease (-2,000, -12.5%). In comparison, employment grew in this sector at the GB level (+3.7%, +46,000) over the year.

No change in employment numbers

The four industry sectors that provisionally saw no change in employment numbers over the year from 2015 to 2016 in the Lancashire-14 area were sector A: Agriculture, forestry and fishing, sector D: Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply, sector E: Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities and sector N: Administrative and support service activities. This pattern was again replicated in the Lancashire-12 area. At the GB level industry sector A saw a slight reduction (-0.8%), whilst sectors D (+0.8%), E (+3.1%) and N (+1.4%) were each estimated to have recorded provisional increases in employment between 2015 and 2016.

Table 3: Changes to employment estimates (employees and working owners) by industry sector, 2015 to 2016 (provisional)

* Please refer to note on agriculture above table 1. 
Area Lancashire-12 Lancashire-14 Great Britain
Change 2015 to 2016 Change 2015 to 2016 Change 2015 to 2016 Change 2015 to 2016
Industry Section Change in number % change in number percentage point change (of % of total) Change in number % change in number percentage point change (of % of total) Change in number % change in number percentage point change (of % of total)
A : Agriculture, forestry and fishing * 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 -4,000 -0.8 0.0
B : Mining and quarrying 150 25.0 0.0 150 25.0 0.0 -4,000  -7.3 0.0
C : Manufacturing 3,000 4.3 0.4 4,000 4.7 0.4 12,000  0.5 -0.1
D : Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1,000  0.8 0.0
E : Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 6,000  3.1 0.0
F : Construction -2,000 -6.7 -0.5 -3,000 -9.4 -0.5 39,000  2.7 0.0
G : Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles -4,000 -4.8 -1.0 -6,000 -5.9 -1.2 -47,000  -1.0 -0.4
H : Transportation and storage 4,000 19.0 0.8 5,000 19.2 0.7 87,000  6.0 0.2
I : Accommodation and food service activities  3,000  7.3 0.5  4,000  7.5 0.5  96,000  4.3 0.2
J : Information and communication  -4,000  -36.4 -0.8  -2,000  -12.5 -0.3  46,000  3.7 0.1
K : Financial and insurance activities  2,000  22.2 0.3  2,000  20.0 0.3  26,000  2.5 0.0
L : Real estate activities  1,000  12.5 0.2  1,000  11.1 0.1  -12,000  -2.3 -0.1
M : Professional, scientific and technical activities  5,000  14.7 0.9  6,000  15.0 0.8  105,000  4.0 0.2
N : Administrative and support service activities  0  0.0 -0.1  0 -0.1  36,000  1.4 0.0
O : Public administration and defence; compulsory social security  -1,000  -4.3 -0.2  -1,000  -3.1 -0.2  -2,000  -0.2 0.0
P : Education  3,000  6.0 0.5 3,000  4.9 0.4  -13,000  -0.5 -0.2
Q : Human health and social work activities  1,000  1.4 0.1  2,000  2.0 0.1  71,000  1.8 0.1
R : Arts, entertainment and recreation  -1,000  -11.1 -0.3  -2,000  -14.3 -0.3  46,000  6.0 0.1
S : Other service activities  -3,000  -37.5 -0.6  -4,000  -40.0 -0.6  -3,000  -0.5 -0.1
Total  6,000  1.2 -  10,000  1.6 -  486,000  1.6 -

Source: Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES Open Access), 2015 (revised) and 2016 (provisional), via the National On-line Manpower Information System (Nomis).

Table 4: Employment estimates (employees and working owners) by industry sector, 2015 (revised data)

* Please refer to note on agriculture above table 1.    
2015 (revised data) Lancashire-12 Lancashire-14 Great Britain
Industry Section Number % of total Number % of total Number % of total
A : Agriculture, forestry and fishing* 1,250 0.2 1,250 0.2 479,000  1.6
B : Mining and quarrying 450 0.1 450 0.1 59,000  0.2
C : Manufacturing 67,000 13.2 81,000 12.8 2,389,000  8.0
D : Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 2,250 0.4 2,250 0.4 125,000  0.4
E : Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 5,000 1.0 5,000 0.8 188,000  0.6
F : Construction 32,000 6.3 35,000 5.5 1,392,000  4.7
G : Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 87,000 17.1 108,000 17.0 4,652,000 15.6 
H : Transportation and storage 17,000 3.3 21,000 3.3 1,360,000  4.6
I : Accommodation and food service activities 38,000 7.5  49,000  7.7  2,152,000  7.2
J : Information and communication 15,000 2.9  18,000  2.8  1,201,000  4.0
K : Financial and insurance activities 7,000 1.4  8,000  1.3  1,029,000  3.5
L : Real estate activities 7,000 1.4  8,000  1.3  542,000  1.8
M : Professional, scientific and technical activities 29,000 5.7  34,000  5.4  2,531,000  8.5
N : Administrative and support service activities 36,000 7.1  43,000  6.8  2,616,000  8.8
O : Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 24,000 4.7  33,000  5.2  1,262,000  4.2
P : Education 47,000 9.2  58,000  9.1  2,621,000  8.8
Q : Human health and social work activities 72,000 14.1  99,000  15.6  3,854,000  12.9
R : Arts, entertainment and recreation 10,000 2.0  16,000  2.5  720,000  2.4
S : Other service activities 11,000 2.2  14,000  2.2  646,000  2.2
Total  509,000  100.0  635,000  100.0  29,819,000  100.0

Source: Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES Open Access), 2015 (revised), via the National On-line Manpower Information System (Nomis).

Further analysis to follow

Page updated 29 March 2018