Mortality overview

Summary

This section looks at mortality in general terms and includes:

  • all-cause premature mortality (under the age of 75 years);
  • mortality from causes considered preventable; and
  • end of life and place of death.

For mortality from specific conditions please see our long-term conditions pages. 

Key findings

Premature mortality

All rates are per 100,000 of the population unless otherwise stated and are for 2016-18.

  • In the Lancashire-12 area (368) the premature mortality rate (under-75 years, all persons) from all causes is significantly higher than England (330). Blackpool (544) and Blackburn with Darwen (447) are also significantly higher.
  • For males the rate of premature mortality (443) in Lancashire-12 is significantly higher than England (402). Blackpool (674) and Blackburn with Darwen (532) are also significantly higher.
  • The rate of premature mortality for females (295) in Lancashire-12 is significantly higher than England (263). Blackpool (415) and Blackburn with Darwen (363) are also significantly higher.
  • Between 2006-08 and 2015-17 there had been a reduction in the premature mortality rate, however, the last three-year period (2016-18) has seen a slight increase for all people and males. 

Preventable mortality

The concept of preventable mortality is that deaths are considered preventable if, in light of the understanding of the determinants of health at the time of death, all or most deaths from the underlying cause (subject to age limits if appropriate) could potentially be avoided by public health interventions in the broadest sense. All rates are per 100,00 of the population unless otherwise stated and are for 2016-18. 

  • In the Lancashire-12 area (200.8) the mortality rate from causes considered preventable (all people, all ages) is significantly higher than England (180.8)
  • In the Lancashire-12 area (52.9) the under-75 mortality rate from cardiovascular diseases considered preventable (all persons) is significantly higher than the England rate (45.3); both Blackpool (85.3) and Blackburn with Darwen (70.8) are also significantly higher. 
  • For the under-75 mortality rate from cancer considered preventable, Lancashire-12 (82.4), Blackpool (106.9) and Blackburn with Darwen (97.1) are all significantly higher than England (76.3).
  • For the under-75 mortality rate from respiratory disease considered preventable, again the three areas of Lancashire-12 (23.1), Blackpool (42.8) and Blackburn with Darwen (40.1) are all significantly higher than England (19.2).

End of life

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has produced quality standards for end of life care for adults, which provides a comprehensive picture of what high quality end of life care should look like.

Public Health England has created online, interactive end of life care profiles for clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) and local authorities. These profiles incorporate indicators around the place of death, underlying cause of death, hospital care, and death in the usual place of residence. 

For county, district and unitary data please see below. 

Page updated March 2020

Mortality

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