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In the guide
A record of all veterinary medicines that have been used to treat food-producing animals must be retained
This guidance is for England
A record must be kept of the proof-of-purchase of all veterinary medicines bought for food-producing animals, as well as a record of all veterinary medicines administered to such animals. If you did not buy the veterinary medicines yourself, you need documentary evidence of how you acquired them.
Records must be kept for five years.
Animals may be sent for slaughter only after the end of the withdrawal period.
Reasons for record keeping
There are three reasons for keeping and retaining veterinary medicine records:
What records must be kept and how
If you are the keeper of food-producing animals, or treat farm animals that will end up as food intended for human consumption, you must keep a record of the proof-of-purchase of all veterinary medicinal products bought for those animals, and a record of any veterinary medicinal products you give them or treat them with. If you did not buy the products yourself you must keep documentary evidence of how you acquired them.
A format for the keeping of these records is set out on the attached record keeping document.
Any person required to keep a record must retain that record for a period of five years following the administration or other disposal of the product.
Animals can only be sent to slaughter after the end of the withdrawal period of the veterinary medicinal product that has been administered.
A record must also be maintained of any medicinal treatment given to animals that are bred or kept for the production of food, wool, skin or other farming purposes, and the number of mortalities found on each inspection.
If a veterinary surgeon administers a veterinary medicinal product to a food-producing animal, they must either enter the information in the keeper's records or give it to the keeper in writing (in which case the keeper must enter the details required in their records).
Proof of purchase must be retained for at least five years.
Disposal of unwanted veterinary medicinal products
A keeper who disposes of any or all of the veterinary medicinal products other than by treating an animal must record:
Most veterinary practices will safely dispose of any unused or expired veterinary medicinal products upon request.
Record keeping for horses
Legislation defines the horse as a food-producing species. Therefore keepers are required to maintain records for any purchase or acquisition of veterinary medicinal products for administration to horses. Similarly, a record of administration must also be kept, just like any other food-producing animal. If a veterinary surgeon administers a veterinary medicine to a horse then this must be recorded, both in the horse passport and in a separate record. Further information on horse medicines and record keeping requirements can be found on the GOV.UK website.
Records of products administered to a food-producing animal under the cascade
The 'cascade' provides a legal mechanism allowing veterinary surgeons to use their clinical judgement to prescribe a suitable medicine where no authorised medicine exists (more information on the cascade and prescribing unauthorised medicines is available on the GOV.UK website).
A veterinary surgeon administering a veterinary medicinal product to food-producing animals under the cascade or permitting another person to administer it under the vet's responsibility must, as soon as is reasonably practicable, record the:
The veterinary surgeon must keep the record for at least five years.
Specific powers for local authority officers
An officer of any local authority who has entered premises exercising any statutory power of entry for the purposes of enforcing any legislation relating to food hygiene, feed hygiene or animal health, may inspect any records made under these Regulations (in whatever form they are held) relating to food-producing animals, and may remove them to enable them to be copied.
Failure to comply with trading standards law can lead to enforcement action and to sanctions, which may include a fine and/or imprisonment. For more information please see 'Trading standards: powers, enforcement and penalties'.
Last reviewed / updated: December 2020
In this update
No major changes
This information is intended for guidance; only the courts can give an authoritative interpretation of the law.
The guide's 'Key legislation' links may only show the original version of the legislation, although some amending legislation is linked to separately where it is directly related to the content of a guide. Information on amendments to legislation can be found on each link's 'More Resources' tab.
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