Mortality overview

Summary

This section looks at mortality in general terms and includes:

  • all-cause premature mortality (under the age of 75 years);
  • mortality from causes considered preventable; and
  • premature mortality results that form part of the Longer Lives project.

For mortality from specific conditions please see our long-term conditions pages. 

Headline findings

In the Lancashire-14 area:

  • In Blackpool (546), Blackburn with Darwen (463) and the Lancashire-12 area (365) the premature (ages under 75 years) mortality rate, per 100,000 population, from all causes is significantly higher than the England rate (334) (2014-2016).
  • Between 2011-13 and 2014-16, in the Lancashire-12 area (-5.4%) and Blackpool (-0.6%) there has been a decline in the premature mortality rate, which is in line with the England picture (-2.5%).
  • Male and female mortality from causes considered preventable is significantly higher than the England rate (2014-2016).

In the Lancashire-12 area:

  • Since 2010, the six main causes of all deaths have remained the same and are: cancers, circulatory diseases, respiratory diseases, mental and behavioural disorders, diseases of the nervous system and diseases of the digestive system.
  • Cancers and circulatory diseases are the leading causes of death accounting for just over half of all deaths and nearly three-fifths of all premature deaths (2014-2016).
  • Cancers account for 39% of all premature deaths and circulatory diseases account for 22% of all premature deaths (2014-2016).
  • Circulatory diseases (27%) and cancers (22%) account for just under half of all deaths in residents over the age of 75 years; diseases of the respiratory system account for 17% of the deaths in this age group (2014-2016).

Longer Lives project

In June 2013, Public Health England (PHE) launched the Longer Lives project to highlight the inequalities in premature mortality across the country and thereby help communities decide on steps to improve their collective health. PHE quantifies premature deaths (before 75 years of age) from the most common causes of mortality in England, these are lung disease, liver disease, cancer and injury.

Ranking the 150 county and unitary authorities in England for premature deaths (where 1 is the best and 150 the worst) for 2014-16 shows that:

  • The Lancashire-12 area ranked 89 with a premature death rate of 365 per 100,000 population.
  • Blackpool ranked 150 with a premature death rate of 546 per 100,000 population.
  • Blackburn with Darwen ranked 144 with a premature death rate of 463 per 100,000 population.

End of life

The national End of Life Care strategy (2008) is currently being refreshed and in the interim, NHS England have produced Actions for End of Life Care: 2014-16 (PDF 592 KB). The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has produced quality standards for end of life care for adults, which provides a comprehensive picture of what high quality end of life care should look like.

The latest place of death rolling 12-month report covers the period 1 March 2017 to 28 February 2018 and highlights the latest place of death and palliative care figures for the six clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) across the Lancashire-12 area. The data show that over this 12-month period, patients registered to the six local CCGs were more likely to die in either a care home or home setting, than a hospital setting. 

In addition to the above, Public Health England has created online, interactive end of life care profiles for clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) and local authorities. 

Further analysis and data

Mortality from causes considered preventable (XLSX 24 KB)

Premature mortality in Lancashire-14 and causes of death in Lancashire-12 (XLSX 469 KB)

Place of death rolling 12-month report (XLSM 1.4 MB)

Page updated May 2018