Chronic respiratory diseases are diseases of the airways and other structures of the lung. Two of the most common are asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with the main modifiable risk factors including tobacco smoking and air pollution.
Figures from the 2016/17 Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) indicate that across the Lancashire and South Cumbria Sustainability and Transformation Plan (STP) area there are 119,573 (6.9%) persons with a confirmed asthma diagnosis and 43,799 (2.5%) with a confirmed diagnosis of COPD. Further analysis found that all eight clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) of the STP have a significantly higher level of asthma and COPD prevalence compared to England (5.9%, 1.9%).
Respiratory disease is one of the top causes of premature deaths. The Public Health Outcomes Framework includes two indicators that measure premature mortality: under-75 mortality rate from respiratory diseases; and under-75 mortality rate from respiratory diseases considered preventable (XLSX 80 KB).
Deaths are considered preventable if, in the light of the understanding of the determinants of health at the time of death, all or most deaths from the underlying cause (subject to age limits if appropriate) could potentially be avoided by public health interventions in the broadest sense. Smoking is the major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which is one of the major respiratory diseases.
The following findings relate to deaths from respiratory disease among people aged under-75 across the Lancashire-14 area for the period 2013 to 2015. Rates are directly age standardised per 100,000 population.
Page updated November 2017