Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection, which mainly affects the lungs, but can affect other areas such as the stomach, glands, bones and nervous system. It is a notifiable disease in the UK and has re-emerged as a serious public health problem over the last two decades, with UK incidence rising above the European average. Timely and fully completed treatment is key to saving lives and preventing long-term ill health, as well as reducing the number of new infections and development of drug resistance.
The Public Health Outcomes Framework therefore includes two indicators: Incidence of TB and TB treatment completion.
Incidence of TB in Lancashire-12 has reduced between 2000-02 and 2013-15, and has remained lower than the England average. During the period 2013-2015, there were 224 TB notifications, giving a rate of 6.3 notified cases per 100,000 population, similar to the England average (12.0 per 100,000). Within Lancashire-12, Preston, Pendle and Hyndburn have higher incidence compared to England, while Fylde, Lancaster, Ribble Valley, West Lancashire and Wyre all have lower incidence.
TB treatment completion in Lancashire-12 has improved since 2001 but the proportion for 2014 (81.3%) remains below that of England (84.4%) and below the current World Health Organization target of 85%.
(1) The number of reported new cases per year (based on case notification) per 100,000 population
(2) The percentage of drug sensitive TB cases completing treatment for TB within 12 months
Page updated August 2017