Child immunisations

Summary

Immunisations are an essential part of protecting children’s health and that of the community. Low vaccine uptake puts children at risk, particularly in view of high rates of migration from countries that are experiencing a resurgence of certain diseases. Children who have not been vaccinated may struggle to cope with certain diseases.

Vaccination coverage is the best indicator of the level of protection a population will have against vaccine-preventable communicable diseases. Coverage is closely correlated with levels of disease. Monitoring coverage identifies possible drops in immunity before levels of disease rise.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has set vaccination coverage targets at global and WHO regional levels, which have been adopted by the Department of Health at national and local levels. The 95% target for vaccination coverage is required nationally to ensure control of vaccine preventable diseases within the UK routine childhood vaccination programmes, with at least 90% coverage in each geo-political unit.

Key findings for Lancashire-14

These key findings are based on Public Health England data for 2015/16: 

  • The percentage of eligible children receiving three doses of Dtap/IPV/Hib vaccine at any time by their first birthday is above the local target of 90% for Blackpool only, in Lancashire-12 and Blackburn with Darwen it is lower.
  • During the period 2011/12 to 2015/16, the percentage of eligible children receiving the Dtap/IPV/Hib vaccine at any time by their first birthday has decreased across Lancashire-14.
  • In the Lancashire-14 area the percentage of eligible children receiving the completed course of Men C vaccine by their first birthday is above the local target of 90%.
  • In the Lancashire-12 area the percentage of eligible children receiving the complete course of PCV vaccine by their first birthday is below the local target of 90%, whereas in Blackburn with Darwen and Blackpool it is above.
  • The percentage of eligible children in Blackburn with Darwen and Blackpool receiving one dose of MMR vaccine on or after their first birthday and anytime up to their second birthday is above the local target of 90%, for Lancashire-12 it is lower. 
  • The percentage of Lancashire-14 area's eligible children receiving two doses of MMR vaccine on or after their first birthday and at any time up to their fifth birthday is below the local target of 90%. Trend analysis between 2011/12 and 2015/16 shows this figure is decreasing in the Lancashire-12 area, while the two unitary authorities have seen no significant change.

Further data

Childhood immunisations Lancashire-14 (2015/16) (XLSX 53KB)

Page updated July 2017