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Cancer prevention

The facts

Research funded by Cancer Research UK estimates that over 40% of cancers in the UK in 2010 were linked to lifestyle and environmental factors.

The same research shows that tobacco smoking is by far the most important risk factor for cancer in the UK.

In Lancashire and in England, the number of deaths from cancer is reducing. This means that overall more people are surviving from cancer.

The benefits of a healthy lifestyle and spotting cancer early

Cancer is caused by a combination of your genes and your lifestyle. You can’t totally control your risk of cancer but living a healthy life can reduce the chances of you developing this disease.

Cancer can be prevented by making changes to your lifestyle such as stopping smoking, keeping a healthy weight, eating healthily and drinking less alcohol.

More details of lifestyle and environmental factors linked to cancer are available on the Cancer Research UK website.

Here is some of what you can do to help lower the risk of cancer:

  • Stop smoking or even better never start smoking
  • Stop or reduce the amount of alcohol you drink 
  • Keep a healthy weight by eating well and being active
  • Wear sun protection, avoid sun bathing and sun beds
  • Avoid behaviours that expose you to infections such as Hepatitis C and B or HPV (human papillomavirus).

Spotting signs of cancer early could save your live as the earlier you have treatment the higher the chances of success.

Would you like help?

If you choose to change your lifestyle, we can help you:

To help you spot cancer early the NHS provides cancer screening programmes. More information about the programmes in the NHS cancer screening programmes website.

The NHS Be Clear on Cancer website has information to help you spot the signs of cancer. See your doctor as soon as possible if you have symptoms that you think may be caused by cancer.

To prevent cervical cancer all girls aged 12 to 13 are offered HPV (human papilloma virus) vaccination as part of the NHS childhood vaccination programme. It's usually given to girls in year eight at schools in England. More information about cervical cancer prevention is available in the NHS Choices website.