The Local Assessment for Chorley
This summary offers a snapshot of some of the most important economic, social and environmental factors in Chorley district with links through to the source information. The information has been allocated to one of seven themes:
Chorley is a district in central Lancashire that occupies a prime strategic location. The authority covers 203 square kilometres, has 20 wards, and in 2012 had a population of 109,100. The number of people per km2 is similar to the North West average. From an historic point of view there have been dramatic changes and the pace of future change is liable to increase.
The proximity of three motorways, rail connections in to Manchester and nearby access to services along the West Coast Mainline have together helped to facilitate strong growth in Chorley for a number of years. The rural areas of the authority are particularly sought after as commuter locations.
The significant expansion of Chorley and the surrounding area has not unduly affected the town centre which retains a traditional feel. The famous Flat Iron covered market on Tuesdays, and old established Lancashire businesses in the town centre, such as Booths, Frederick's, Althams and Chorley Building Society, give Chorley a distinctive atmosphere. In addition, major national retailers are well represented in the Market Walk Centre.
Popular visitor attractions in the authority include Botany Bay and important cultural assets in the area include Astley Hall, Hoghton Tower and Rivington Hall Barn, the latter being of Saxon origin. In contrast, the authority also contains Bank Hall, which is on the English Heritage Buildings at Risk register.
The population in the authority has been increasing at a reasonable rate and rose from 97,000 in 1991 to 109,100 in 2012. The authority has a reasonably high proportion of people in the 45-64 age-bands and fewer people aged 15 to 24 than is the average for England and Wales. The 2011 Census estimate shows an increase of 7% since the last census in 2001. This is well above the county average of 3.3% and close to the England and Wales rate of 7.8%. The 2011 Census estimate was 107,200.
It is estimated that between 2011 and 2021 the population of Chorley will increase by 5.9%, less than the 8.6% predicted increase for England as a whole. The number of households in the authority is predicted to increase by 9.1% over the same period of time.
To deliver personalised services, the public sector needs to understand citizens. Mosaic Public Sector is a tool that provides a detailed and accurate understanding of each citizen's location, their demographics, lifestyles and behaviours by classifying people into seven super groups, 15 groups or 69 types. The interactive guide describes these classifications.
A Mosaic profile of local households finds groups E (Middle income families living in moderate suburban semis), B (Residents of small and mid-sized towns with strong local roots), D (Successful professionals living in suburban or semi-rural homes), J (Owner occupiers in older-style housing in ex-industrial areas) and F (Couples with young children in comfortable modern housing) each account for between 13% and 11% of local households. Group F account for more than twice the county and UK average proportion of households.
Average house prices in the authority have been consistently above the county average for a number of years, but at the same time have remained well below the England and Wales average. The same web link also reveals that the yearly ratio of median house price to median earnings, places the authority well about the average for the county council area. In addition, house prices at the small area level highlight small neighbourhoods within the authority with very low average figures. The residential property market article also details mortgage possession orders per 1,000 households, which are above the England average.
Chorley has around 46,000 dwellings, 87% are owner occupied or private rented. On the whole larger proportions of its housing stock are in the higher council tax bands in comparison to the county average. It has over recent years, also recorded strong growth in the number of dwellings in the authority. The authority has 31.2% of its housing stock in the lowest council tax band A, which is well below the broader Lancashire average of 40.5%.
In Chorley, 10.0% of households were in fuel poverty in 2011, which was lower than the national rate. The main factors that determine this are the energy efficiency status of the property, the cost of energy; and household income.
Northern Trust is a property investment, development and land regeneration company that is redeveloping three sites in the authority to provide new homes.
The 2010 Indices of Deprivation reveals that of the 32,482 lower-layer super output areas (LSOAs) in England, the lowest ranked area in the authority was one of the four LSOAs in Chorley South East ward that recorded the 2,438th lowest position. The district contains a number of affluent areas and one of the three LSOAs in Euxton North ward recorded a very high ranking of 31,712. This was followed by one of the four LSOAs in Eccleston and Mawdesley ward that was in 31,300th position. Chorley recorded a slightly higher than middle value overall deprivation ranking being the 173rd most deprived area out of 326 districts and unitary authorities in England.
The tracking deprivation article reveals an improvement in Chorley over the years, relative to the other 325 authorities across England.
The growth in employee numbers in Chorley was well above the national and county averages in the decade to 2008, but between 2009 and 2012, the employment number for the authority declined by 2.2%.
In Chorley as in most places, the manufacturing sector has shed jobs over the years whilst the service sector has grown to become a far greater source of employment. Chorley has a lower rate of employee jobs in the manufacturing sector than is the norm in the county and nationally and conversely a higher rate of employment in the service sector generally, but in particular as a result of the authority's high level of employment in real estate, professional, scientific and administrative sector.
Our extensive employment records allow us to monitor the changes to employee numbers from 1929 onwards. We have published separate graphs for each of the 14 Lancashire local authorities that reveal changes in total employee numbers and the shift from manufacturing to service sector employment. Methodological changes, and assumptions for missing years, reduce the accuracy of the graphs, but they do give a useful broad indication of changes over time.
It is currently important for many businesses and people to have access to broadband capacity internet connections and as service delivery through the internet becomes more common, so will access to super-fast broadband.
Broadband speeds are, in general, highest in urban areas. In Chorley almost 85% of households are in areas with connections of between 2 and 20 mega bits per second. However, 15% have no or low capacity connections and almost none have superfast broadband. Although many people live in areas with access to the physical infrastructure needed for higher broadband speeds, not everyone in the inner urban areas will be a regular user of high-speed internet. Significant access issues remain around technological knowledge and skills, basic skills and access to and costs of IT equipment.
The authority is in an excellent business location that will be further enhanced by developments such as the 128 acre Revolution logistics and industrial park that forms part of the Buckshaw Village site.
Eckersley is a firm of chartered surveyors and property consultants that details on its website a large range of commercial sites that are available in the authority. Roundhouse Properties also highlights a number of sites in Chorley and other parts of Central Lancashire.
The UK government properties database is a searchable list of all UK government property holdings and land assets. The web page for the North West region lists land and properties by towns including those in Chorley district.
The Central Lancashire New Town Development Corporation was active during the 1970s and 1980s in developing sites in Preston, Chorley and South Ribble districts. The remaining parcels of land are now the responsibility of the Homes and Communities Agency, and their list of property assets reveals a number of sites in these three authorities.
The Woodlands Conference Centre, the neighbouring Lancashire College facility and the head office of Lancashire County Commercial Services together represent significant investments by the county council in the authority that provide additional jobs in Chorley.
Chorley is part of central Lancashire which operates as a relatively well-connected internal labour market with strong commuting flows between Preston, South Ribble and Chorley. Chorley also stands out as a supplier of labour to the Manchester city region, especially Bolton and Wigan. These northern Manchester districts are experiencing economic challenges and restructuring and have not benefited substantially from the strong economic growth in the core of Manchester.
Average earnings in Chorley are noticeably higher when measured by place of residence in comparison to place of work. The excellent transport connections to Manchester and other localities mean that the district records a positive benefit from commuter flows. Both figures are however below the GB average. The 2011 census results reveal how employment patterns results in a much lower workday population figure for Chorley in comparison to the usual resident population. The article also shows that there is a large net outflow of well-qualified commuters (NVQ level 4).
The survey of personal incomes by HM Revenue and customs broadly includes all individuals whose income is higher than the prevailing personal tax allowance and who are therefore liable to tax. The median results are the middle value that best reflects typical income and they show a result for Chorley that is above the regional average.
At the ward level, Pennine ward consistently records one of the highest average income figures in the broader Lancashire area. The majority of other Chorley wards have average income figures that are above the county average.
The Annual Population Survey includes local authority estimates of the working-age population by level of National Vocational Qualification. In Chorley the proportion of the working age in the authority qualified to NVQ level 4 is above the regional and national averages and has improved over recent years. More people with higher level skills are needed to support the shift to a higher value economy and for Lancashire to compete economically.
The claimant count rate of Jobseekers Allowance in the authority is low and the rate has for a long time remained below the county, regional and national figures. Claimant count figures at the ward level however reveal that there are a handful of areas with higher rates that are found in other parts of Lancashire, and which are above the national average.
The model-based estimates of unemployment suggest that the rate for Chorley is lower than the UK rate.
People who are unable to work used to receive incapacity benefit, severe disablement allowance or income support paid on incapacity grounds. New claimants unable to work now receive employment and support allowance.
Housing benefit is claimed by a large number of households in the authority, and the article identifies the effects of the spare room subsidy withdrawal.
Each of the 12 district authorities in the county council area has a Local Children's Trust Partnership. The Trusts have identified district priorities, and the 'what's happening in your area' section links to detailed outcomes for children and young people reports (CYP profiles) for each authority.
There are around 19,900 young people aged 0–15 in Chorley who together account for 18.3% of the local population.
District authority level documents are available (lifecycle/population of 100s analyses) that identify problem areas for children and young people within the 12 authorities in the Lancashire County Council area. Included within each document is a performance summary table, this highlights a number of indicators, and the district's performance compared to national and county performance.
For young children and parents the county council has overseen the development of a number of Children's Centres in the authority. The county council's Lancashire schools website lists all schools in Chorley district. Ofsted inspection reports are a useful source of local information.
Childhood obesity and underweight prevalence are highest in the most deprived areas.
The percentage of pupils in the authority achieving at least five GCSEs at grades A*-C (including English and Maths) tends to be above the national and county averages. The Department for Education achievement and attainment tables have more information on achievement at other levels.
The number of 16 to 18 year olds not in education, employment or training (NEET) is high in some inner parts of Chorley. Certain groups are at higher risk than others of becoming and/or remaining NEET. Risk of NEET is associated with low attainment, teenage pregnancy and young motherhood, young people in public care/care leavers, those with a learning difficulty or disability and young offenders.
The county council's Young People's Service website has an activity and organisations search facility that lists a wide range of options for young people in each 12 districts within the county council area.
Chorley has below average crime for the Lancashire (14) area. Between December 2011 and November 2012, the district had a rate of 53 crimes per thousand population, a small increase from 51 in the previous twelve month period. More community safety figures for are available on the neighbourhood statistics website. Chorley's relative position within Lancashire, for key offence types, is available on these interactive maps.
The North West Violence Profile shows that Chorley is significantly worse than the national average for hospital admissions for assault but is significantly better or not significantly different on other indicators. Chorley hospital is very proactive in recording assault attendees and therefore might have submitted a more complete dataset than other hospital trusts for this profile.
Crime is not spread evenly across Chorley, varying from Chorley South East Ward at 134 to Pennine Ward with 18 crimes per thousand population, April 2011 to March 2012. For general ward level maps and summary statistics for community safety indicators in the last three years please access these interactive maps. For more details on community safety in your neighbourhood, please enter your postcode into Safer Lancashire.
Alcohol is known to contribute to offending behaviour, particularly violence, anti-social behaviour and criminal damage. Residents in the authority have significantly worse hospital stays due to alcohol and binge drinking than the national average according to the LAPE Alcohol Profile.
The Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service website contains statistics that monitor performance at the local authority level. The website also highlights the fact that the authority has a local fire station in Chorley. There were 21 people killed or injured in accidental dwelling fires in 2011/12, a small increase on 2010/11 when there were 17.
In 2012, a total of 54 people were killed or seriously injured in road traffic collisions in the authority. Between 2001 and 2012, the results highlight a very encouraging pattern of decline.
Living in Lancashire panel, December 2011 (Wave 35), measured people's perceptions of safety during the day and after dark. The majority of respondents feel safe outside in their local area during the day (92%) with over half feeling very safe (55%). Around three fifths of respondents feel safe after dark (62%). Also, when asked about different aspects of anti-social behaviour, most respondents don't think they are a problem in their local area.
Chorley has two of the four prisons in Lancashire within its area, Garth and Wymott. Together they account for a large proportion of the prison spaces in the county and are a significant source of local employment.
The Ministry of Justice identify how likely it is for offenders to commit further crimes in the authority and how many crimes they typically will commit. The rate of re-offending in Chorley is 27% and they commit an average of 2.7 offences per re-offender. This measures, over a 12 month period, the proven reoffending for all adult offenders who were released from custody, or who received a non-custodial conviction at court, a caution, a reprimand, a warning, or who tested positive for opiates or cocaine.
Each year community safety partnerships (CSPs) undertake strategic assessments to identify priority work areas for the partnership. Chorley and South Ribble CSPs undertake a joint strategic assessment. The 2011-14 Chorley and South Ribble Community Safety Strategy outlines the priorities as three cross-cutting themes (alcohol related harm, drugs, reoffending); three priorities (protecting vulnerable people, antisocial behaviour and signal crime, cross border offending and organised crime). Metal theft and road safety were also identified as emerging risks.
5. Environment and transport
Transport has a key role to play in realising the economic potential of an area by unlocking key locations, such as the existing and new locations referred to in the economy section. Using sustainable transport modes can significantly improve employment opportunities and life chances. In urban areas the reliance on the car presents problems of traffic congestion and reduced air quality. The urban core central area of the authority has one area close to the M61 motorway that has an air quality result amongst the worst in the county.
The Central Lancashire Highways and Transport Masterplan is the strategic transport document for the wider area and contains references to transport issues in the authority.
The M6, M61 and M65 motorways all pass through the authority and offer quick connections to other parts of the county and beyond. There is also a network of 'A' roads. The Department for Transport website has an interactive map that lists the traffic flows at hundreds of sites across all of the Lancashire County Council area.
A programme of 20 mph speed limits is being implemented for residential areas and outside schools. Details are available for each district in the Lancashire County Council area.
Work is continuing to electrify key rail routes between Manchester, Liverpool, Preston and Blackpool. By the end of 2015, diesel trains could be replaced with electric ones between Liverpool and Blackpool (these stop at Euxton Balshaw Lane in Chorley) and by the end of 2016 electrification of the line through Adlington, Chorley and Buckshaw Village could be complete.
Routes for cyclists in the authority have improved over recent years and include an extensive network of cycle paths to serve Buckshaw village.
Maps are available that reveal the various rural-urban definitions across Lancashire down to the very small census output area level.
Green belts have been an enduring element of national planning policy. They check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas; prevent neighbouring towns from merging into one another; assist in safeguarding the countryside, preserve the character of historic towns and encourage the recycling of derelict and other urban land. Chorley has a very high proportion (71.8%) of its land designated as green belt. There is extensive countryside and Chorley Borough Council is responsible for the many parks and open spaces in the area that cover over 300 hectares.
The Chorley Local Plan provides the spatial planning outline for the area. Chorley Borough Council is responsible for a range of planning and environmental issues including nine conservation areas and environmental health.
Total carbon dioxide emissions in Chorley are higher than the national average when measured by tonnage per person. There is a high level of emissions from road transport as a result of the authority's position at the heart of the county's motorway network.
The rates of household waste sent for reuse, recycling or composting have in general been improving over the years as sharp increases in Landfill Tax have made the traditional form of Landfill disposal much more expensive. The household reuse, recycling and composting rate was the highest recorded in the county and well in excess of the national rate. The authority contains a selection of minerals and waste sites.
Lancashire County Council supports a range of community projects in each of the 12 district authorities. The county council's environment directorate produces district commissioning plans, and regularly updated district-level dashboards that comment on performance across a range of transport, environmental and other issues.
Figures for life expectancy at birth reveal that Chorley district had a male rate similar to the national average, but the female rate was below the national outturn.
The Chorley Health Profile, published by the Association of Public Health Authorities, reveals a varied picture compared with the England average.
The Lancashire Joint Strategic Needs Assessment provides a large amount of intelligence to inform priority setting and commissioning for health and wellbeing within Lancashire. Examples of work with data for individual districts are a health and inequalities across Lancashire report, a mental health section and a children and young people section.
Chorley is one of the areas for which Chorley and South Ribble Clinical Commissioning Group is responsible for the planning and buying of local health services. A major local facility on the outskirts of the town is the Chorley and South Ribble Hospital whilst the Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust website lists a few other locations in the authority.
The Trauma and Injury Intelligence Group (TIIG) was established to develop an injury surveillance system covering the North West. The Lancashire results include report for Chorley and South Ribble Hospital.
The Sport England website contains local sport profiles for each local authority in England. The Lancashire Sport partnership website includes lists of sports clubs by local authority in Lancashire.
7. Older People
There are around 19,300 people aged 65 and over in Chorley who form 17.7% of the local population. State pension claimant article indicates the number in the authority that rely on pension credit.
It has been well documented over recent years that people are living longer and that the older age-groups will record some dramatic increases over future years, with associated financial implications and demand for health and social care services. By 2021 the population aged over 65 in Chorley is projected to increase substantially to 24,200. The compendium of data relating to older people pulls together a wide range of information about the changing health, social care and cultural needs of people as they age.
Attendance allowance provides financial help to people aged 65 or over who are physically or mentally disabled. The caseload in Chorley, in comparison to other authorities, does not appear to be excessive.
Life expectancy as mentioned earlier is increasing but there is no guarantee that the extra years of life will necessarily equate to extra years of healthy life expectancy. However, it is not a foregone conclusion that "extra" years of life expectancy should necessarily lead to additional years with ill health or disability. More suitable community services to enable independent living and more effective practice of preventive lifestyles and medicine has the potential to lengthen disability-free life expectancy, particularly in the case of the prevention and treatment of non-fatal but disabling diseases.
The Lancashire Care Homes Association is an organisation that represents care providers across the broader Lancashire area. The website lists a large number of care and nursing homes, along with domiciliary care agencies in the area. The details are listed by major urban localities across the county.
There has been a growing tendency towards housing developments that are exclusively for people who are either retired or are approaching retirement. The presence of these sites can have an impact on concentrations of older people in particular areas. Buckshaw Village housing and commercial development to the south of Chorley includes the Oakbridge Retirement Village.