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2011 Census Population by ethnic group

Lancashire's population by ethnicity
2011 Census

Summary

The usual resident population of the 14-authority broader Lancashire area was 1,460,893 in the 2011 Census. The largest ethnic group is white (90%). The black minority ethnic group makes up 10% of the population, the majority of this group were Asian/Asian British.  Numerically, there were almost 141,000 black minority ethnic people in the area.   

The usual resident population of the county council area was 1,171,339. The largest ethnic group is white (92%). The black minority ethnic group makes up 8% of the population, the majority of this group were Asian/Asian British.  Numerically, there were over 90,000 black minority ethnic people in the county.   

Within Lancashire, Pendle and Preston had one in five people (20%) who were black or minority ethnic. In Burnley and Hyndburn the rate was 12%. In Rossendale, whilst the percentage of BME was lower than in these four districts, it was still above the rate of other districts at 6%. Similarly in Lancaster the BME population was just over 4%.        

The numbers of people who are black or minority ethnic are by far the greatest in Preston, where there were almost 28,000. In Pendle there was a BME population of 18,000. A further 11,000 and 10,000 BME people live in Burnley and Hyndburn respectively.

Numbers were lower, but remain of note, in Lancaster (6,000) and Rossendale (4,200). Chorley and South Ribble had just over 3,000 BME people each.   

Together there are almost 67,000 BME people in Preston, Pendle, Burnley and Hyndburn. These 67,000 people are three-quarters of the county BME population, whereas the total population of these districts makes-up a third of the total county population.   

In Blackburn with Darwen almost 70% of the population is white. The proportion of the population who are BME, at 31%, is by far the highest in the 14-authority broader Lancashire area. The rate is three times greater than the broader Lancashire and regional averages. Almost 45,500 people in Blackburn with Darwen are BME.  

In contrast, in Blackpool the BME population is low at just under 5,000, accounting for just over 3% of the population. 

The key statistics dataset contains data on local authority populations broken down into eighteen individual ethnic groups. It is too numerous to go into detail of each individual group in this report. All the data for each Lancashire authority and ward can be viewed in a set of maps.

Introduction

The following article uses key statistics for local authorities from the second release first phase, of the 2011 Census of Population downloaded from the Office for National Statistics website. The dataset was published in November 2012. This report presents selected information from this dataset for the Lancashire authorities. Other articles with data from the 2011 Census are on the Lancashire Profile website.  

The 2011 Census Prospectus provides details of further planned releases.

Demographic details of a local population are very important and are used by public and private sector organisations to allocate resources and plan services.  The figures are also used as denominators in the calculation of rates, indicators and ratios, such as unemployment rates.

Definitions

The main population base for outputs from the 2011 Census is the usual resident population as at census day 27 March 2011.  A usual resident of the UK is anyone who, on census day, was in the UK and had stayed or intended to stay in the UK for a period of 12 months or more, or had a permanent UK address and was outside the UK and intended to be outside the UK for less than 12 months. Although the population base for enumeration included non-UK short-term residents, this population is analysed separately and is not included in the main outputs from the 2011 Census. All outputs, unless specified, are produced using only usual residents of the UK.

Ethnic group classifies people according to their own perceived ethnic group and cultural background. There have been some changes in the ethnic group question between the 2001 and 2011 Census. Arab was introduced as a category for the first time in 2011 as a sub-category of "other" ethnic group. Chinese was moved from "other" ethnic group to Asian/Asian British. Gypsy/Irish Traveller was also introduced for the first time and was part of the white group.   

The national and regional context

In the North West, the population in 2011 was 7.05 million and the main ethnic group (90%) was white. This compares to England and Wales where the white population accounted for 86% of the total. Almost 10% of the North West population was black minority ethnic (BME), lower than the England and Wales rate of 14%.

The Lancashire perspective

The usual resident population of the 14-authority broader Lancashire area was 1,460,893 in the 2011 Census. The largest ethnic group is white (90%). The black minority ethnic group makes up 10% of the population.  Numerically, there were almost 141,000 black minority ethnic people in the area.   

The usual resident population of the county council area was 1,171,339. The largest ethnic group is white (92%). The black minority ethnic group makes up 8% of the population. Numerically, there were over 90,000 black minority ethnic people in the county.     

Table 1 Population by ethnic group

 
Usual residents
All black or minority ethnic
All white
Mixed/multiple ethnic group
Asian/Asian British
Black/ Black British
Other ethnic group
Numbers
Numbers
Rates
Numbers
Rates
Numbers
Rates
Numbers
Rates
Numbers
Rates
Numbers
Rates
Burnley
87,059
11,005
12.6
76,054
87.3
976
1.1
9,578
11.0
211
0.2
240
0.3
Chorley
107,155
3,322
3.1
103,833
96.9
1,016
1.0
1,710
1.6
401
0.4
195
0.2
Fylde
75,757
1,913
2.5
73,844
97.4
742
0.9
845
1.1
163
0.2
163
0.2
Hyndburn
80,734
9,956
12.3
70,778
87.6
696
0.8
9,007
11.2
106
0.1
147
0.2
Lancaster
138,375
6,033
4.4
132,342
95.6
1,356
0.9
3,732
2.7
628
0.5
317
0.2
Pendle
89,452
18,015
20.1
71,437
79.8
946
1.2
16,807
18.8
126
0.1
136
0.2
Preston
140,202
27,787
19.8
112,415
80.2
3,326
2.4
21,732
15.5
1,676
1.2
1,053
0.8
Ribble Valley
57,132
1,228
2.1
55,904
97.8
360
0.7
729
1.3
92
0.2
47
0.1
Rossendale
67,982
4,204
6.2
63,778
93.9
602
0.9
3,396
5.0
123
0.2
83
0.1
South Ribble
109,057
3,210
2.9
105,847
97.1
1,174
1.2
1,612
1.5
268
0.2
156
0.1
West Lancashire
110,685
2,082
1.9
108,603
98.1
866
0.7
913
0.8
174
0.2
129
0.1
Wyre
107,749
1,897
1.8
105,852
98.3
664
0.6
993
0.9
130
0.1
110
0.1
Lancashire County         (12 districts)
1,171,339
90,652
7.7
1,080,687
92.3
12,724
1.1
71,054
6.1
4,098
0.3
2,776
0.2
Blackburn with Darwen
147,489
45,480
30.8
102,009
69.1
1,823
1.2
41,494
28.1
933
0.6
1,230
0.8
Blackpool
142,065
4,726
3.3
137,339
96.6
1,753
1.2
2,282
1.6
346
0.2
345
0.2
Lancashire   (14 authorities)
1,460,893
140,858
9.6
1,320,035
90.4
16,300
1.1
114,830
7.9
5,377
0.4
4,351
0.3
North West
7,052,177
690,461
9.8
6,361,716
90.2
110,891
1.6
437,485
6.2
97,869
1.4
44,216
0.6
England and Wales
56,075,912
7,866,517
14.0
48,209,395
85.9
1,224,400
2.2
4,213,531
7.5
1,864,890
3.3
563,696
1.0

Source Office for National Statistics, 2011 Census

Within Lancashire, Pendle and Preston had one in five people (20%) who were black or minority ethnic. In Burnley and Hyndburn the rate was 12%. In Rossendale, whilst the percentage of BME was lower than in these four districts, it was still above the rate of other districts at 6%. Similarly in Lancaster the BME population was just over 4%.        

The numbers of people who are black or minority ethnic are by far the greatest in Preston, where there were almost 28,000. In Pendle there was a BME population of 18,000. A further 11,000 and 10,000 BME people live in Burnley and Hyndburn respectively.

Numbers were lower, but remain of note, in Lancaster (6,000) and Rossendale (4,200). Chorley and South Ribble had just over 3,000 BME people each.    

Together there are almost 67,000 BME people in Preston, Pendle, Burnley and Hyndburn. These 67,000 people are three-quarters of the county BME population, whereas the total population of these districts makes-up a third of the total county population.   

In Blackburn with Darwen almost 70% of the population is white. The proportion of the population who are BME, at 31%, is by far the highest in the 14-authority broader Lancashire area. The rate is three times greater than the broader Lancashire and regional averages. Almost 45,500 people in Blackburn with Darwen are BME.   

In contrast, in Blackpool the BME population is low at just under 5,000, accounting for just over 3% of the population.  

Minority ethnic groups

As can be clearly seen in Table 1 above, Asian/Asian British is the largest minority ethnic group in wider Lancashire and the county council area. In the wider Lancashire area there were almost 115,000 Asian/Asian British people. Within the county council area there were just over 71,000.  It should be noted that this group now includes Chinese people, whereas in 2001 they were in the "other" ethnic group.   

By far the greatest numbers of Asian/Asian British people were resident in Blackburn with Darwen (almost 41,500 people). More than one in four people are in this ethnic group. Two groups were relatively similar in size terms: Indian with almost 20,000 and Pakistani with almost 18,000 people.   In the districts within the county council area, Preston and Pendle respectively had populations of almost 22,000 and almost 17,000 Asian/Asian British people. In Pendle this was almost one in five people. Both Burnley and Hyndburn had Asian/Asian British populations of 9,000; just over one in ten local people in each. 

In Preston, the Asian/Asian British group was predominantly Indian people (almost 14,500). There were almost 4,500 Pakistani people. Conversely, in Pendle the Asian/Asian British group was overwhelmingly Pakistani (15,320) people.

In Hyndburn the main ethnicity within the Asian/Asian British group was Pakistani (over 7,500 people). This was also true in Burnley where there were almost 6,000 Pakistani people. In Burnley there were also almost 2,500 Bangladeshi people.      

Part of the Asian/Asian British group, the Chinese population across the wider Lancashire area numbered just over 6,000 people and 4,811 within the county council area. The greatest numbers of Chinese people were in Lancaster and Preston (1,231 and 1,235 respectively).

The second largest minority ethnic group is mixed race. There are 16,300 mixed race people across the wider Lancashire area. Almost 13,000 mixed race people live in the county council area. The largest groups within mixed race are white and Asian/Asian British people and white and black Caribbean people. The mixed white and black Caribbean population in wider Lancashire (5,578 people) is larger than the black Caribbean population alone (2,102 people).

The mixed race population, and in particular the white and black Caribbean population, predominantly live in Preston. There are also groups in Lancaster, South Ribble, Chorley, Blackpool and Blackburn with Darwen.   

The black/black British population numbers 5,377 in the wider Lancashire area, just over 4,000 of whom are in the county council area. There were slightly more people in the wider Lancashire area who were black African (2,688) than people who were black Caribbean (2,102). In the County Council area the split between black African and black Caribbean was almost equal (1,891 and 1,789 people respectively).

Within local authority areas notable populations were black Africans in Preston (661), Blackburn with Darwen (614) and Lancaster (472); and black Caribbean in Preston (865).     

Ethnicity

The key statistics dataset contains data on local authority populations broken down into eighteen individual ethnic groups. It is too numerous to go into detail of each individual group in this report. All the data for each Lancashire authority and ward can be viewed in a set of maps of Ethnic Groups.  Maps of Ethnic Groups by age are also available.

Additionally, in January 2013 Office for National Statistics published more detailed ethnic group tables. These show the individual responses written on Census 2011 forms under the "other" category. Of note in Blackburn with Darwen are Afghan (222), Iranian (222), Kurdish (300) and Sri Lankan (211) populations. In Blackpool there are 314 Filipino and 110 Thai people. Across the county council area there are Kashmiri populations of 289 people in Hyndburn and 104 in Pendle. There is a Kurdish population of 113 in Preston and also 200 Afghan people. In Burnley there is a Filipino population of 368 people and there are 101 Thai people in Pendle. Numbers of Eastern European and Baltic States populations are also included.  

Gypsies/Irish Travellers

 

Table 2 Gypsy/Irish Traveller population 

 
Usual residents
Gypsy/Irish Traveller
Number
Number
National Rank (1)
Burnley
87,059
10
335
Chorley
107,155
57
253
Fylde
75,757
15
321
Hyndburn
80,734
97
107
Lancaster
138,375
331
29
Pendle
89,452
26
306
Preston
140,202
111
189
Ribble Valley
57,132
6
338
Rossendale
67,982
47
218
South Ribble
109,057
17
329
West Lancashire
110,685
8
341
Wyre
107,749
96
170
Lancashire County         (12 districts)
1,171,339
821
-
Blackburn with Darwen
147,489
161
125
Blackpool
142,065
237
62
Lancashire   (14 authorities)
1,460,893
1,219
-
North West
7,052,177
4,147
-
England and Wales
56,075,912
57,680
-

 (1) Rank is based on the percentage of the population. There are 348 local authorities ranked in England and Wales. 

For the first time in the 2011 Census Gypsy/Irish Traveller was included as a tick-box option in the ethnicity question.

Across the wider Lancashire area 1,219 people were Gypsy/Irish Traveller. 821 of these people were in the county council area.

By local authority area numbers were highest in Lancaster (331) and Blackpool (237).     

 

Local authority areas are ranked according to the percentage of the population in this ethnic group. Lancaster was ranked 29 of all

local authorities in England and Wales and Blackpool was ranked 62. However in all areas of Lancashire the percentage of the

population who were Gypsy/Irish Traveller was no higher than 0.2%.

Ethnic group by ward

There are 302 wards across the wider 14-authority Lancashire area. Table 3 shows the 21 wards where the BME population made up more than a third of the total population. The wards are spread across the five local authority areas of Blackburn with Darwen (8 wards), Pendle (6 wards), Preston (5 wards), Burnley and Pendle (1 ward in each).    

 

Table 3 Wards where black minority ethnic population is a third or more of total population  

Local authority
Ward
All usual residents
Black minority ethnic
 
 
Number
Number
% of population
Blackburn with Darwen
Bastwell
7,699
6,968
90.5%
Blackburn with Darwen
Shear Brow
7,908
6,595
83.4%
Burnley
Daneshouse with Stoneyholme
5,955
4,906
82.4%
Pendle
Whitefield
3,854
2,867
74.4%
Blackburn with Darwen
Audley
9,183
6,721
73.2%
Blackburn with Darwen
Corporation Park
7,353
4,991
67.9%
Hyndburn
Central
5,807
3,818
65.7%
Preston
Deepdale
6,103
3,820
62.6%
Blackburn with Darwen
Queen's Park
6,798
3,891
57.2%
Blackburn with Darwen
Little Harwood
6,752
3,816
56.5%
Pendle
Walverden
3,848
2,031
52.8%
Pendle
Bradley
6,489
3,333
51.4%
Blackburn with Darwen
Wensley Fold
7,378
3,412
46.2%
Pendle
Brierfield
4,862
2,070
42.6%
Preston
Town Centre
8,628
3,618
41.9%
Preston
St George's
7,029
2,636
37.5%
Pendle
Reedley
5,291
1,980
37.4%
Blackburn with Darwen
Beardwood with Lammack
5,997
2,240
37.4%
Preston
Fishwick
5,784
2,091
36.2%
Preston
St Matthew's
8,187
2,902
35.4%
Pendle
Southfield
6,074
2,060
33.9%

 Source Office for National Statistics, 2011 Census

 

Conversely, there were 19 wards where there is very little diversity, with less than 1% of the local population being BME. There are spread across the five districts of Ribble Valley (6 wards), Wyre (5 wards), Lancaster (4 wards), Fylde (3 wards) and Burnley (1 ward).      

 

Last updated December 2012 by Jacqueline Evans with data from 2011 Census

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