This page includes Lancashire-12 analysis for the following CP indicators:
Number and rate of children and young people with a child protection plan (CPP)
A child protection plan is a working tool for those children who are deemed to be at risk that should enable the family and professionals to understand what is expected of each other. All children who were formerly on the CP register will have a plan. The aims of the plan are to keep the child safe, to promote their welfare and to support their wider family to care for them (if this can be done safely).
At the end of March 2013, 878 children in Lancashire-12 had a child protection plan. The number and rate of children and young people aged under-18 and subject to a CP plan increased between 2007/08 and 2012/13. This has been matched by an increase in the rate of children subject to plans, but remained in line with national trends.
Child Protection Numbers at District Level - Rate per 10,000 Population
At the end of March 2013, Preston had the highest rate of children subject to a child protection plan, at 73.3 per 10,000 under 18s. Ribble Valley had the lowest at 14.1. In fact all the districts showed an increase in rate, with the largest increases within Burnley, Ribble Valley, Chorley and Preston.
Rate of Referrals to Children's Social Care
Local Authorities have a duty to make enquires where a child or young person may be suffering from significant harm. A referral allows the authority to identify any incidence with a child or young person who may be at risk of, or suffering actual significant harm. A referral is defined as a request for services to be provided. The response may include no action, but that in itself is a decision, and should be made promptly and recorded.
A low rate is an indicator of good performance. Since 2008/09, within Lancashire-12 there had been a significantly drop in the number of referrals to social care. However, in 2012/13 the rate had increased to 726. Over the years Lancashire-12 performance has been much better than Blackpool UA. However the rate of referrals for Lancashire-12 was higher than the rate seen at Blackburn with Darwen UA, the North West, and its statistical neighbours and also the national rate.
Proportion of Re-referrals to Children's Social Care - Rate per 10,000 Population
A re-referral is defined simply as a referral received on a case that has been closed and the new referral is received within 12 months of the last referral. The information or concerns do not need to be the same as or similar to the previous referral - e.g. the first referral could be for domestic violence, and the second or “repeat referral” could be for neglect. Where a second or subsequent referral is made by the same referrer on a case that has been closed down -this will be counted as a re-referral.
A low rate is an indicator of good performance. In 2012/13, the rate of re-referrals for Lancashire-12 (26.7) was higher than the national (24.9%), regional (26.4), and statistical neighbour (25.7) rates. Blackburn with Darwen authority (20.9) had a lower rate and Blackpool authority (27.9) had a slightly higher rate.
Child Protection Plans Lasting Two Years or More
This indicator should measure whether children or young people and their families are receiving the services necessary to bring about the required changes in the family situation and to monitor performance in working towards the outcomes outlined in the child protection plan. This indicator reflects the underlying principle that professionals should be working towards specified outcomes which, if implemented effectively, should lead to all children and young people not needing to be the subject of a Child Protection Plan within a maximum of two years.
A low percentage is an indicator of good performance. Lancashire-12 performance in 2010/11 was 4.8% which missed the target set by 0.4%. In 2011/12, performance started poorly in April 2011 at 12.3% which represented an immediate challenge to achieve a positive year end performance in 2011/12, however year end performance was 4.4% which was in line with target. In 2012/13 performance had been good and yearend performance has dropped to 2.7%, an improvement of 1.7% on the previous year and well inside the target. There were 21 CP plans on the register with durations of 2 years or more, and a further 24 CP plans between 1.5 years and 2 years in length. Lancashire-12 performance for this measure is generally better than all its comparators.
Percentage of Children and Young People Becoming Subject to a Child Protection Plan for a Second or Subsequent Time
This indicator is a proxy for the level and quality of service a child or young person receives. Its purpose is to monitor whether children’s social care services devise and implement a Child Protection Plan which leads to lasting improvement in a child’s or young person's safety and overall well-being. This is defined as the percentage of children who became subject to a Child Protection Plan at any time during the year who had previously been the subject of a Child Protection Plan regardless of how long ago that was.
A low percentage is an indicator of good performance. in 2012/13, there was a reduction of 1.1% for Lancashire-12, that's a reduction from 17.8% in 2011/12 to 16.7% in 2012/13. Lancashire-12 performance for this indicator tends to be better than Blackpool but lower than the regional, national, and Blackburn with Darwen authority performance.
A detailed analysis of Lancashire-12 CP performance with an accompanying action plan developed to address the deterioration in performance across the county can be accessed at:
Referrals to Children's Social Care Going onto Initial Assessment
It is important that local authorities respond to and address concerns in a timely and efficient way and ensure that all referrals to children’s social care be followed up where appropriate. This indicator is a proxy for several issues: the appropriateness of referrals coming into social care, which can show whether local agencies are working well together; and the thresholds which are being applied in children’s social care at a local level.
A high percentage is an indicator of good performance. From 2006/07 to 2008/09, Lancashire-12 performance for this indicator decreased, and the performance was well below the national average. However in 2009/10 and 2010/11, Lancashire-12 had made significant performance gains and the percentage indicator had risen by almost 20%. National performance has also risen (6.5%), and while Lancashire-12 is closer to the national average than previously, it remained 7% behind the national average. In 2011/12, the Lancashire-12 performance improvement continued to 70.4% for the year; an increase of 5.4% on the previous year and was a target-beating performance. In 2012/13 performance dropped back slightly to 69%, but this remains a good level of performance.
Age of children subject to a child protection plan on 31st March 2013
The largest proportion of children subject to a plan in Lancashire-12 fall into the 1-4 age group, however there are also a significant proportion in the 5-9 and 10-15 age groups. This pattern is generally reflected across the districts.
Ethnicity of children subject to a child protection plan on 31 March 2013
87% of children subject to a child protection plan in Lancashire-12 fell into the White British category. It is unclear whether this reflects levels of need or simply